CHALLENGES AND COLLABORATION

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1 GHSA Meeting on Step towards Regional Strategic Collaboration in Asia-Pacific on Workforce Development, National Laboratory System Strengthening and Antimicrobial Resistance Prevention to Respond to Global Challenges 6 8 May 2015 * Bangkok, Thailand AMR AT THE HUMAN -ANIMAL HEALTH INTERFACE: CHALLENGES AND COLLABORATION Dr Mary Joy N. Gordoncillo Science and One Health Coordinator, OIE SRR SEA 1

2 OUTLINE Introduction AMR at the human-animal interface Challenges Needs Some initiatives Collaborations 2

3 Deaths attributable to AMR every year Source: Antimicrobial Resistance: Tackling a crisis on the Health and Wealth of Nations. The Review of Antimicrobial Resistance, Chaired by Jim O Neill (December 2014) 3

4 Deaths attributable to AMR by 2050 Source: Antimicrobial Resistance: Tackling a crisis on the Health and Wealth of Nations. The Review of Antimicrobial Resistance, Chaired by Jim O Neill (December 2014) 4

5 Deaths attributable to AMR by 2050 Source: Antimicrobial Resistance: Tackling a crisis on the Health and Wealth of Nations. The Review of Antimicrobial Resistance, Chaired by Jim O Neill (December 2014) 5

6 Deaths attributable to AMR by ,752,000 Source: Antimicrobial Resistance: Tackling a crisis on the Health and Wealth of Nations. The Review of Antimicrobial Resistance, Chaired by Jim O Neill (December 2014) 6

7 Impact on world GDP by 2050 Source: Antimicrobial Resistance: Tackling a crisis on the Health and Wealth of Nations. The Review of Antimicrobial Resistance, Chaired by Jim O Neill (December 2014) 7

8 AMR at the human-animal interface Inappropriate use of antimicrobials Inappropriate disposal Mixed infections Underlying conditions Classes of antibiotics used in animals and animals are mostly the same Food-producing animals are reservoirs of pathogens Non-therapeutic use Antimicrobials used in large volumes = BUILD UP AND COMPLICATION OF AMR ISSUES 8

9 AMR at the human-animal interface Resistance events in humans Resistance events in animals Potential shared events Shared resistance events between humans and animals 9

10 AMR at the human-animal interface Human health sector will continue to need antibiotics to treat diseases in order to: Prevent spread of infection Contain diseases Improve quality of life Animal health sector will continue to need antibiotics in animals in order to: Ensure food security Prevent animal suffering Protect public health = WE NEED TO PRESERVE ANTIMICROBIALS FOR CONTINUED USE 10

11 AMR at the human-animal interface Challenges Have limited or no access to novel antimicrobials Common bacterial infections remain to be a burden Infectious disease control protocols/ practices in many areas continue to be a challenge Still dependent on old antimicrobials Many other competing priorities Compromised health conditions (ex: immune deficiency Methodology not harmonised Climate conducive to multiplication and spread of Close-conta microorganisms ct with animals Significant gap in surveillance Lack of awareness Usage is not regulated or monitored popula7on = protein demand produc7on = usage Lack of appropriate legislation Limited access to quality healthcare Circulation of falsified antimicrobial products Unrestricted access by untrained persons Lack of data sharing, coordination 11

12 AMR at the human-animal interface Challenges Support for developing countries to implement good governance aspects including veterinary legislation Quality veterinary services, including the private sector and laboratories Involvement of all stakeholders Measures for controls on importation, production, distribution and use 12

13 AMR at the human-animal interface Needs More risk assessment and banning of non-priority practices in animals Awareness raising at all levels Animal health and welfare must be sustained Food security and food safety must be ensured Veterinary supervision for animal use is a priority No universal optimal solution for the delivery of antimicrobials at farm level worldwide. The well qualified veterinarian is the solution 13

14 AMR at the human-animal interface OIE Initiatives International Standards (Terrestrial and Aquatic animals) OIE List of antimicrobial agents of veterinary importance National Focal Points Veterinary Education Veterinary legislation Strengthening Veterinary Professional Standards 14

15 AMR at the human-animal interface OIE Initiatives Recommendations Scientific Review Advocacy 15

16 AMR at the human-animal interface OIE Initiatives Collection of baseline information and different reporting options Antimicrobial sales /use in food producing animals Collection of quantitative information Usage patterns by animal species Antimicrobial agent or class Administration route Typeof use (therapeuticvs non-therapeutic) 16

17 AMR at the human-animal interface Collaboration 17

18 AMR at the human-animal interface Collaboration With legal recognition No 25% Yes 75% Status of OH Coordination mechanism in Asia-Pacific Countries (n=19) Source: 3 rd Asia Pacific Workshop on MultisectoralCollaboration for the Prevention and Control of Zoonoses Nov 2013 (FAO-OIE-WHO) 18

19 AMR at the human-animal interface Collaboration Meets regularly No 12% Yes 88% Status of OH Coordination mechanism in Asia-Pacific Countries (n=19) Source: 3 rd Asia Pacific Workshop on MultisectoralCollaboration for the Prevention and Control of Zoonoses Nov 2013 (FAO-OIE-WHO) 19

20 AMR at the human-animal interface Collaboration Received funding No 31% Yes 69% Status of OH Coordination mechanism in Asia-Pacific Countries (n=19) Source: 3 rd Asia Pacific Workshop on MultisectoralCollaboration for the Prevention and Control of Zoonoses Nov 2013 (FAO-OIE-WHO) 20

21 AMR at the human-animal interface Collaboration With no actions taken With actions taken Number of countries Figure 1. Number of countries with actions on the 2013 Recommendations (n = 14) Source: 4 th Asia Pacific Workshop on MultisectoralCollaboration for the Prevention and Control of Zoonoses Nov (FAO-OIE-WHO) 21

22 AMR at the human-animal interface Collaboration Table 3. Sectoral involvement of reported activities Rec. No. No. of actions reported Unisectoral Sectors involved Human- Animal Multi- Sectoral (14.9%) 75 (50.7%) 51 (34.5%) Table 4. Funding of reported activities Rec. No. No. of actions reported Funding Involvement Gov t Int l Others Not id d (84.5%) 86 (58.1%) 31 (20.9%) 3 (2.0%) Source: 4 th Asia Pacific Workshop on MultisectoralCollaboration for the Prevention and Control of Zoonoses Nov 2014 (FAO-OIE-WHO) 22

23 Thank you for your attention! 23

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