INDEX. 1 Corporate Governance in Business Enterprise Archana J. Bhoot Commerce 1-2

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3 INDEX Sr. No. Title Author Subject Page No. 1 Corporate Governance in Business Enterprise Archana J. Bhoot Commerce Competency Of Managers Of Different Industries - A Study With Reference To Sivakasi D. S. Swamy Doss, Dr. M. Selvakumar Commerce Income of a Small Tea Grower of Assam An Evaluation Dr. Niranjan Kakati Commerce Retail Credit Convention and Relationship Marketing Dr. Vipul Chalotra Commerce Leadereship Challenges Manojkumar Mohanbhai Parmar 6 Agricultural Marketing Infrastructure In India Dr. Manisha Barad, Dr.Mahesh Barad Commerce 10 Commerce A Study Of Women Manager s Motivation In Privet Industry In Bhavnagar District. 8 Promotion of Human Efficiency through Training and Development Programs: A Study Mehta Sunil Kumar Jagdishchandra Abdul Karim Saleh Naji,Shyam M. Sarsare Commerce Commerce Integration of Human Resource Information System to DSS, CMS and other applications to increase productivity along with stabilization the dispensation on threshold level Dr. Parimalendu Bandyopadhyay, Mr. Joydeep Chowdhur, Gunamoy Hazra Computer Science Impact of Foreign Direct Investments on Indian Economy: A Study 11 Study of Teachers Attitude towards Tribal Children and its relationship with Classroom Behaviors of Teachers 12 Role of Block Resource Centres in Implementing Selected Intervention Programmes Under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Dr. Swapan Kumar Roy Economics Ajaya Kumar Mohanty Education Dr. Praveena K. B. Educ'ation Mobile Phone Market in the Indian Surveillance On Overview 14 Capacity Analysis of Signalized Intersections by Use of Saturation Flow Rate under Mixed Traffic Conditions 15 Comparison of RC Framed Structure To Flat Slab With Shear Wall Structure AR. Annadurai, Dr.S.Prasad Nikunj Patel, Mr. Sanjay G. Patel Apexa R. Kataria, Prof. C. S. Sanghvi Education Engineering Engineering Automation-Robot Kinematics: A Review Jignesh D. Lakhani,Keyur P. Hirpara,Brijesh M. Garala Engineering Evaluation of Level of Service through Congestion & a way of Congestion Mitigation 18 Upper Panchaganga Basin a Treasure of Ecotourism: a Geographical Analysis Mr. Nikunj K. Patel, Mr. Sanjay G. Patel, Dr. H.R. Varia D.H.Pawar, B.B.Hake Engineering Geography SQC in Paper Machine An Mr-Chart Approach Dr.A.Lakshmi, S.Ramesh Management Internet Banking Adoption Analysis using variables of Technology Acceptance Model (TAM): Empirical study of NSE 50 Bank E-Customers in Ahmedabad city Mr. Rajesh P Ganatra Management Effect of Physical Training on Cardio respitory Parameters in Adults. Dr. M. K. Suryawanshi, Dr. A. V. Shinde, Miss mita Patil Medical Sciences The Death Anxiety among T.B.Patients-A Psychological study. Dr.Kishor N. Mehta Psychology 59-60

4 23 Emergence of Vancomycin Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) and Heteroresistant Vancomycin Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (hvisa) from Nagpur region of Central India. Vaishali U Thool Science Determinants of Participation of Leaders in SHG Activities Mrs.S.R.Padma, Dr.T. Rathakrishnan Social Sciences Gender disparity in the literacy rate in Madhya Pradesh: An analysis of 2011 census T.Parthasarathy, D.Kodandarami Reddy Social Sciences V2V Technology Broadcasting Applications In Vehicular Mobile Wimax Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks Patel Parita Ramniklal, Mrs.samina Zafar, Mr.Pavan Shrivastav, Jimish K.desai Wireless Networks Spider diversity of Agroecosystem in Washim district (MS) India 28 A Preliminary Study on the Assessment of Limnological Changes of Morna river in the Akola Region using Biological Indicators 29 A study on diversity of mosquitoes species from Akola and Telhara region (MS.) Sonali P. Chapke Zoology Ade P.P. Zoology Sonal P. Varma Zoology 80-81

5 Volume : 1 Issue : 7 July 2012 ISSN Research Paper Zoology A study on diversity of mosquitoes species from Akola and Telhara region (MS.) *Sonal P. Varma * P.G. Student, Dept. of Zoology, Shri Shivaji College, Akola ABSTRACT A study on diversity of Mosquito (Culicidae: Diptera)have been carried out in Akola and Telhara region of Maharashtra. In akola, there is no proper drainage system, mosquito breeding occur in drains mainly because of stagnation of water brought about by deposition of garbage. This is due mainly to inadequate supply of garbage disposal facilities coupled with insufficient use and improper maintenance of these facilities. Hence, mosquito study have been carried in this region which may play important role in diagnostic processes in epidemiology. The study was carried out during the period July to march in which 7 species of mosquitoes belong to genera Anopheles, Aedes and Culex are reported. In the present study emphasis is given on the morphological description of the species. t Key Words: Diversity, Mosquitoes. Morphology, Akola, Telhara region. The mosquitoes are a family of small, midge-like flies: the Culicidae. Although a few species are harmless or even useful to humanity, most are a nuisance because they suck blood from vertebrates, many of them attacking humans1 In feeding on blood, various species of mosquitoes transmit some of the most harmful human and livestock diseases. Some authorities argue accordingly that mosquitoes are the most dangerous animals on earth.2 The word mosquito is from the Spanish and Portuguese for little fly. Like all flies, mosquitoes go through four stages in their life cycle: egg, larva, pupa, and adult or imago. Adult mosquitoes are familiar insects, but we seldom observe them closely. They are true flies, with a single pair of narrow wings that have a fringe of scales on the margins and veins. They have three pairs of long, slender legs. Most mosquitoes are small, ranging from 3/16 inch upwards to 4 inch in length. Mouthparts are an elongate beak. Various species of mosquitoes are estimated to transmit various types of disease to more than 700 million people annually in Africa, South America, Central America, Mexico, Russia and much of Asia, with millions of resultant deaths. At least two million people annually die of these diseases, and the morbidity rates are many times higher still. Yellow fever and malaria are two of the devastating diseases that mosquitoes transmit worldwide. Similar type of mosquito biodiversity (Culicidae,Diptera) have been studied in in Kolhapur district of Maharashtra where nine species of mosquitos belonging to genera Anopheles, Aedes and Culex have been reported. The same type study was done in the Chilika lake area, Orissa, India during in which they found 22 species of mosquitoes belonging to six genera (Anopheles, Aedomyia, Aedes, Armigers, culex and Mansonia) The present study includes the morphological study of mosquito species found in Akola and Telhara region. Methodology The present study includes mosquito collection from different places of Telhara and Akola region from homes, gardens, outside of houses etc. during the period July to march The mosquitoes are collected by Insect collecting net, Suction tube and by Hand picking. After collection they are kept in plastic bottles, brought to lab and identified individually. Every mosquito kept on slide or in petridish with forecep and with the help of magnifying glass and microscope and is morphologically studied. Observations and Result During collection the genus of mosquito likes Anopheles, Culex, Aedes are found- 1.Genus:-Anopheles From the genus anopheles four species are reported, these are Anopheles culicifacies, Anopheles stephens, Anopheles annularies and Anopheles fluviatilis. The genus is characterized by the palpi as long as proboscis and wing spotted with white and black.in male the scutellum is halfmoon shaped with uniformly distributed hair over it, Abdomen lacks scales, Anal cerci are very small. 1.1)Anopheles culicifacies Body colour is gray. Palpi with yellow spot over it. Hind leg and forelegs are similar in length. Vein no.3 of a wing is of black colour. While resting it make a distinct angle with a surface. Resting is endoexophilic type. Palpi and proboscis are of similar length. Wings are decorated with white and black spots. Scutellum is semicircle with presence of hair. Abdomen is without scales.it feeds on human and animal blood. Generally found in a ruler area. Female laid their eggs in stored water. 1.2)Anopheles Stephensy Gray coloured body. Palpi have a white band in between the two yellow band. Whole body is spotted. It is indophilic insect.this insect looks delicate and pretty. The wings are spotted. All veins of wings are similar. It feeds on human and animal blood. Make an angle with surface while sitting. Female laid eggs in stored water. Peace loving insect. Male is slender and smaller than female. 1.3) Anopheles annularies Body is brownish black colored. Palpi having similar yellow and white bands. Vein no.5 of wing is dark black as compared to others. Tarsi of hind legs are totally white.hind legs are quite up-worded. In majority it found in U.P, A.P, Orissa and Meghalaya. Its density is low in Maharashtra. Males are smaller than female. 80 X PARIPEX - INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

6 Volume : 1 Issue : 7 July 2012 ISSN ) Anopheles fluviatilies Body colour is brownish black. Generally male is smaller than female. The yellow band on palpi is similar to black band.the legs are totally black.vein no.3 is of yellow colour.the scutellum is semicircle. On the wing the vein no.6 is with two yellow bands. It founds in hilly area. Female laid eggs in slow flowing water. Mostly feeds on human blood only but sometimes on animal blood also. It bites during night in between ) Genus:-Culex From the genus Culex only Culex quinquefaciatus and Culex vishnui are observed. The genus is characterized by having hairy palpy, stublike, shorter than proboscis in female. In male the palpi is plumose, brushy and longer than proboscis. Claws are simple. Wings are unspotted having dark scales. Scutellum trilobed with three luff of hair on the lobe.anal cerci are very small. 3) Genus:-Aedes From the genus Aedes a Single species is reported i.e. Aedes aegypti. The genus Aedes is characterized by having elongated slender body. In male palpi longer, tapering, curl upthward. Hind leg with dark and white band, on tarsal region. Claw on fore and hind legs are toothed. 3.1) Aedes aegypti Body colour is light black. It is endophilic in nature. Abdomen is having white band. They are having slender body. Hind legs are slightly up-worded. The males are smaller compared to females. In majority it found in Maharashtra. Its body is parallel to surface while sitting. Diversity percentage-the percentage of different genus based upon the total no. of collected mosquitoes are found to be as follows 2.1) Culex quinquefaciatus Body is brownish black colored. Proboscis dark often with pale scaling midway on underside. Scutum with golden and bronzy narrow scale. Wings are dark scaled all over. Females are of medium sized and brownish. Hind legs with femur pale almost to the tip. Other legs are dark scaled except for pale patch at typical tarsal joint. Abdominal tergite dark scaled.sternites generally pale scaled but with few to more dark scale scattered medially.these are active during warmer month.feeds specially on human and birds blood. REFERENCES 1.Biodiversity of mosquitoes in kolhapur district, Maharashtra T.V. sathe b e. ghire, parasitology,vol xviii(lxii) N.3-Dicember Mosquito diversity in the Chilika lake area, Orissa, India Dash, S.1* and Hazra, R.K.2 3. Zoological Survey of India, Gopalpur-on-Sea, Ganjam, Orissa, India. 4. Ralph Harbach November 2, 2008 "Family Culicidae Meigen, 1818". Mosquito Taxonomic Inventory LifeCycle.html Biological notes on mosquitoes. 6. World Health Organisation. Flooding and communicable diseases fact sheet. ems/flood_cds/en/ 7. Wasserman, H. A., Singh, S. & Champagne, D. E. (2004). "Saliva of the Yellow Fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, modulates murine lymphocyte function". Parasite Immunology 26 (6 7): PARIPEX - INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH X 81

7 Volume : 1 Issue : 7 July 2012 ISSN X PARIPEX - INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

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