2 One Health It s all connected: Human Health Animal Health Environmental Health Integrative effort. to attain optimal health for people, animals and the envionment. AVMA.org
3 One Health
4 The White House & One Health Judicious use of antibiotics in healthcare and agricultural settings is essential National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria
5 FDA Commissioner, Robert M. Califf, M.D. We can create a problem with antimicrobial resistance if we use antibiotics beyond the point they are really necessary This holds true from livestock all the way to the intensive care unit. Antibiotics are a necessary tool for treating sick animals. AgWeb.com March 2016
6 These medicines successfully treat and prevent infectious diseases and must be used responsibly to remain effective to all who need them. USDA Blog Nov. 16, 2015
7 One Health We re All in This Together - Even Honey Bees
8 One Health & Pig Farming Farmers are working to: Prevent disease, rather than treat disease Reduce the need for antibiotics Protect antibiotics for humans and pigs
9 Raising Healthy Pigs Proper Diet/Nutrition Fresh Water Vaccinations Barn Sanitation Biosecurity Measures Veterinary Oversight Antibiotics Only to Treat/Prevent Illness
10 Today s Pig Farm Focused on Pig Health
11 Farms & Pigs Have Changed TODAY Farmers generally specialize Most pigs raised in modern barns Pigs are lean PAST Farmers raised variety of crops & livestock Pigs raised outside Pigs were fat
14 Today s Healthier Pig Pigs are 75% leaner than in the 1950s. 1950s Pig Today s Pig
15 Today s Healthier Pig Genetics traditional breeding with focus on optimum traits. Nutrition prescribed diets, controlled nutrients and proteins. Animal Health disease prevention and control.
16 Nutrition & Pig Health Nutrients for age, weight, gender: Amino acids Calories, carbs, fats Vitamins & minerals 8 to 10 formulations Corn and soybeans
17 Specialized Barns & Pig Health Protection from weather, predators and disease. Provides more constant level of care and nutrition.
18 Specialized Barns & Pig Health Feb Degrees 119 Degrees Mankato, Minnesota July 20, Degrees Mankato, Minnesota February 20, 2016
19 Barn Climate Control & Pig Health Ventilation Temperature
20 Disease Prevention & Pig Health
21 Disease Prevention & Pig Health
22 Today s Pork Healthy Pigs = Healthy Food
23 USDA Study Shows Pork tenderloin lean as skinless chicken breast. Seven most common cuts are 16% leaner. Saturated fat down 27%. USDA, University of Wisconsin-Madison, University of Maryland
24 American Heart Association In 2011, the American Heart Association certified pork tenderloin as a hearthealthy food with its iconic Heart-Check mark.
25 American Heart Association In 2016, the American Heart Association also certified pork sirloin roast as an extra lean meat.
26 DASH Diet & Lean Pork
27 Teenagers & Lean Pork Breakfast with lean pork can reduce daily calorie intake by 400. Breakfast skippers associated with excess body weight. Sources: Journal of Obesity 2015 & Dietary Guidelines for Americans 27
28 Leaner Pork = Less Cooking USDA guidelines updated for whole pork cuts.
29 Today s Pork Better for You Nutrient % of Daily Value Iron 5% Magnesium 6% Phosphorous 20% Potassium 11% Zinc 14% Thiamin 54% Riboflavin 19% Niacin 37% Vitamin B12 8% Vitamin B6 37% United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
30 Today s Pork Better For You Meat (3 oz) Calories (Kcal) Fat (g) Cholesterol (mg) Sodium (mg) Pork Tenderloin, roasted Chicken Breast, without skin, roasted Pork - Ground, 96% lean broiled Beef Top Sirloin lean broiled United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28
31 Pork is Versatile Pork tenderloin instead of boneless, skinless chicken breasts. Ground pork alternative for lean ground beef. Variety of pork cooking methods. Pork Be Inspired
32 Where Your Pork Comes From
33 New Names for Pork Cuts
34 New Names for Pork Cuts
35 New Package Labels
36 Today s Processed Pork Lower sodium products: Hot dogs: mg Bacon: mg Ham: mg Very low sodium deli meats: 35 mg Source: American Meat Institute
37 Today s Processed Pork Ham and Canadian Bacon: Meet USDA labeling guidelines for lean meats. Provide high-quality protein, thiamin, B vitamins, phosphorus, niacin and zinc.
39 Get More on Social Media
41 Protecting Antibiotics for Humans & Animals
42 Responsible Antibiotic Use New Fashion Pork Video
43 Responsible Antibiotic Use Based on veterinarian oversight. In strict compliance with FDA rules. Using only what s necessary for pig s health.
44 Responsible Antibiotic Use FDA approved to: Treat illness Control the spread of illness Prevent illness when pigs are vulnerable to disease
45 Antibiotics Benefits & Challenges Animal Health Public Perception Changing FDA Rules
46 Antibiotics Potential Impacts Without proper use: Higher mortality rate Damage from disease Foodborne illness With proper use: Reduce mortality Protect health Disease control
47 Antibiotic-Free Pork If a pig is sick, or at risk of getting sick, it should receive judicious antibiotic treatment to avoid animal suffering. Withholding treatment is unethical. Source: American Association of Swine Veterinarians
48 FDA Safeguards FDA s rigorous scientific processes both approve and regulate how antibiotics are used in food animals.
49 FDA Safeguards Drug s sponsor must demonstrate drug is safe for: Animals Humans Environment
50 USDA Safeguards USDA/FSIS tests meat to ensure it is safe and no harmful antibiotic residues, per FDA regulations, enter the food supply.
51 USDA Hormone Labeling Policy Hormones are not allowed in raising market pigs. Therefore, the claim "no hormones added" cannot be used on labels unless it is followed by a statement that says, "Federal regulations prohibit the use of hormones. FSIS Fact Sheet Meat & Poultry Labeling Terms
52 Expanding FDA Rules All Food Animals Now In Effect
53 Expanded FDA Rules Affect all: Farmers who raise food animals Veterinarians Feed suppliers Drug companies Apply to feed-use and waterbased antibiotics that are also important to human health
54 Expanded FDA Rules Require a VFD or Rx for medically important antibiotics for disease: Treatment Control Prevention Eliminate medically important antibiotics for nutritional efficiency
55 FDA Antibiotic Classes Medically Important Used in both human & animal medicine as well as animal feed medicine Include: penicillins, cephalosporins, quinolones, fluroquinolones, tetracyclines, macrolides, sulfas, glycopeptides Require a VFD for feed, Rx for water VFD already required for pulmotil & nuflor
56 FDA Antibiotic Classes Non-medically Important Used exclusively in animal medicines & feed Include: ionophores, polypeptides, carbadox, bambermycin, pleuromutlin Remain available for nutritional efficiency Available OTC for use in feed & water
57 Nutritional Efficiency Non-medically important antibiotics can improve growth through: Prevention of: Subclinical bacterial infections Microbial growth Increasing nutrient uptake through intestinal wall Source: AASV.org
58 Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) Existing veterinary oversight of animal feed-use drugs FDA expanding to include: More medically important drugs requiring VFD Specific VFD expiration dates VFD recordkeeping 2-years A valid VCPR (veterinaryclient-patient relationship)
59 Pork Industry Responsible Use Programs
60 Responsible Use Programs Blue Ribbon Panel On Antibiotics: Veterinarians/Professors, McDonald s, Walmart, Subway, Former CDC Dir. Office of Antimicrobial Resistance $1 Million in Research, Education & Communications Programs (>$6 Million Since 2000) Education & Certification Programs Industry Communication
61 Responsible Use Programs Pork Quality Assurance Plus educates pig farmers about good on-farm production practices, including responsible antibiotic use. 67,000 pig farmers have been certified and 18,000 farms have undergone assessments.
62 Responsible Use Programs
63 Raising Pork Responsibly PQA Plus farmer-driven site assessment & certification. Provides training & tools to achieve higher standards of pig care. -Voluntary participation CSIA driven by third-party audit agency & food chain partners. Verifies pig care standards are met on farms. -Randomly scheduled
64 Pork & The Environment
67 U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emission Sources Source: Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks:
68 One Health & Pork
69 WE CARE About Producing safe and nutritious food Protecting the well-being of our animals Protecting the public health Providing a safe workplace Making our community a better place Safeguarding the land we all live on