1 VEE and VPP training projects in Cambodia Kei ichiro Maeda, DVM, PhD Head of the Department of Veterinary Medicine The University of Tokyo
2 Cambodia Modified from
3 3000 Avian Influenza Vietnam Number of cases reported to WHO Laos 0 Thailand Cambodia Myammar Indonesia Number of incidence reported to OIE
4 Urgent needs to develop human resources in 3 sectors in Cambodia Veterinary Educational Establishment Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Royal university of Agriculture (RUA) Human resource in veterinary medicine Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Veterinary Paraprofessionals Village Animal Health Workers
5 Village Animal Health Workers (VAHWs) People working for animal health service in their villages They have been selected to get a certificate from Director General of the of Animal Health and Production. 12,756 VAHWs are present in Cambodia They get money from their professional skills such as treatment of animals, vaccination and other activities related to livestock.
6 Retraining of VAHWs Retraining of VAHWs started in 2015 to keep them staying and working in their villages. The training courses are under the control of Department of Animal Health and Veterinary Public Health, General Directorate of Animal Health and Production. No certificate for VAHWs who participated in retraining, because they already have certificate at the beginning of the first training.
7 Technical staffs working in the department are, first, selected as trainers and appointed by General Directorate of Animal Health and Production Trainers are now from different sectors such as MAFF, University or NGO Trainers are Bachelor's degree holder in Animal Health and Production or equivalence to the degree and/or experiences at least 3 year teaching.
8 Five day course teaches: Introductory concept of animal health and ASEAN Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) Life cycle of parasite Cattle raising technique and its disease Pig raising technique and its disease Chicken raising technique and its disease Veterinary Medicine OneHealth concept Elementary Mixture of animal science and veterinary medicine
9 VAHW retraining in each destrict Kampong Speu province Kampong Chhnang province
10 Autopsies of pigs and chickens
11 VAHWs after the retrainings
12 Trainees get veterinary kits
13 Current situation of VAHW retraining Province Target Number of classes Number of attendees Total Female % Achieved Prey Veng % Sray Rieng % Pursat % Kg Chhnang % Kg Speu % Takeo % Total 1, , %
14 Capacity development in veterinary medicine in Cambodia OIE Veterinary Education Twinning Project In animal health and veterinary public health focusing on food safety JICA Partnership Program (Partner type) Development of human resources in clinical veterinary medicine JAPAN'S Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Project (for facilities or equipments) Two Mobile clinics in a rural area
15 Cambodia Kandal Province indicated by red 25 Provinces over the country Destrict Village Commune Modified from Google map
16 Why Kandal Province? Kandal Provine surrounds the Capital Phnom Penh, so that we can have an easy access to both large and small animal practices. The population, animal population, number of VAHWs are similar to the Cambodian average. The retrainning has not been conducted in the Province yet.
17 VAHWs in the Kandal Province No Name of Districts people popualtion No. of VAHWS Males Females Comercial Animal farms Household farmer 1 Kandal Steung 89, % 2 Kien Svay 120, pig farm 70% Khsach 3 Kandal 141, % 4 Koh Thom 155, % 5 Leuk Dek 65, % 6 Lvie Aem 80, layer farms 70% 7 Mok Kampoul 76, % 8 Ang Snuol 86, pig farms 70% 9 Po Nhaleu 96, % 10 Saang 217, % 11 Ta Khmao 75, % Total 1,205,
19 NGO activities in the Kandal Province PADEE to train farmers on animal raising from 2013 to 2017 EU focusing on animal raising, starting in 2017 World Vision focusing on animal raising starting in 2008 to now No activities on capacity building of veterinarian
20 Development of human resources in clinical veterinary medicine in Cambodia 1. Retraining of VAHWs 2. Capacity development of large animal clinicians 3. Improvement of clinical skills of small animal clinicians 4. Sustainability of the project
21 1. Retraining of VAHWs Retraining of VAHWs is conducted in each destrict of the Kandal Province. Lectures or hands on training are implemented by veterinarians in Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) and the faculty staffs of the Royal University of Agriculture (RUA) Mobile clinics
22 2. Capacity development of large animal clinicians A collaboration of University of Tokyo and Miyazaki University to develop human resources in large animal clinics in MAFF and RUA A series of lectures and practices in Cambodia and laboratory training in University of Tokyo Establishment of mobile clinics as a teaching tool for retraining of VAHWs
23 3. Small animal clinics in RUA Improvement of clinical skills of small animal clinicians in the RUA Advanced clinical medicine in the RUA Veterinary Teaching Hospital (VTH) for companion animals of wealthy people in Phnom Penh
24 4. Sustainability of the project A profit in the VTH small animal clinics will support large animal practice/mobile clinics in the rural area Redistribution of the wealth