REVIEW ARTICLE. Banerjee B., Banerjee T. RKDF College of Pharmacy, Hoshangabad Road, Bhopal (M.P.)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "REVIEW ARTICLE. Banerjee B., Banerjee T. RKDF College of Pharmacy, Hoshangabad Road, Bhopal (M.P.)"

Transcription

1 REVIEW ARTICLE Medicinal Uses of Chenopodium album Linn.: A Review. Banerjee B., Banerjee T. RKDF College of Pharmacy, Hoshangabad Road, Bhopal (M.P.) Abstract:- The review includes 20 references on Chenopodium album and comprises Ethanopharmacology, Microscopy, Morphology, phytoconstituents, pharmacological studies and safety profile of the plant. Alkaloids, phytosterols, Flavonoids, Essential oil, Mineral matter, Albuminoids, Nitrogen and Saponins constituent major classes of phytoconstituents of chenopodium album Linn. The leaves of plant have a long traditional used in the treatment of digestive, peptic ulcer and hepatic disorder. Key words:- Chenopodium album, phytochemicals, pharmacological activity and Flavonoids. Introduction:- Chenopodium, one of the smallest genus in the family Chenopodiaceae. Chenopodium encompasses 120 Species. It found throughout North America, Norten East, India and Europe. The genus is represented by 6 species in the flora of North America. It is an important food crop and medicinal plant in tropical and subtropical countries, is widely used like food and folk medicine around of the world. There are a no. of different species are used in all over the world 1-2. Morphology and Microscopy 3-8 :- Leaves:- The leaves which are about 10 cm. long and merely white on the undersides; Leaves are petiolate, ovate-rhombic, wedge shaped at the base, Margins irregularly serrate to entire. At the night the young leaves become erect. 49

2 Stems:-The stems are erect, from a woody base, much branched with spreading, branches which are smooth or with rounded hair, veined and angular. Stems often red due to anthocyanin Pigment. Flowers: - The flowers are greenish yellow in colors. The flowers are arranged in a indeterminate, glomerules, cymose and usually densely crowded pattern. Fruits:- The fruits are smooth nearly kidney shaped, larger then the Calyx and enclosed by the calyx. Seeds:- Seeds superior, enclosed by Membranous pericarp which is easily detached orbicular convex on both sides. Majority of the seed black and shining. Phytoconstituents 9 :- The extract of Chenopodium album Linn. f petroleum ether, benzene chloroform, ethanol and aqueous extract was evaluated and the show positive result for alkaloids, saponins, phytosterols and flavonoids. It mainly contain two flavonoids are kampferol and quercetin. H Quercetin 50

3 H Kaempferol The leaves of chenopodium album are rich in essential oil mineral matter particularly in potash salts and a considerable amount of albuminoids and another components of Nitrogen. The roots of Chenopodium album contain saponin. Two new compound (1,2) and 16 Apocarotenoids (3-18) were isolated from the weed chenopodium album the structure of new apocarotenoids were determined to be (3R,6R,7E,11E) 3-hydroxy-13apo-alpha-caroten-13-one(1) and (6S,7E,9E,11E)-3-oxo- 13apo-alpha-caroten-13-one(2) by spectroscopic NMR and MS analysis. Pharmacological activities The literature reveals the Chenopodium album Linn. Has been exhaustively explored for its pharmacological activities. Anthelmintic activity:- Chenopodium album Linn. possess anthelmintic activity against trichostrongylid nematodes of sheep by causing morality of worms and inhibition of egg hatching. Chenopodium album was found to be (LC 50 = 0.499mg/ml) in egg hatch test. In vivo maximum reduction in eggs per gram (EPG) of feces was recorded as 82.2% with Chenopodium album AME at 3.0g/kg on day 5 post treatment. Levamisole (7.5mg/kg) a standard anthelmintic agent showed % reduction in EPG

4 Antipruritic and Antinociceptive activity:-the ethanoloic extract from the fruits of Chenopodium album linn. (FCAL). rally administered at doses of mg/kg, dose dependently inhibited scratching behavior induced by 5-HT (10ug per mouse, S.C) 11. Sperm cell death activity:-the study was conducted for explore the plausible pathway of Chenopodium album seed extract (CAE) mediated sperm cell death. CAE induced sperm cell death is due to lipid peroxidation of the spermcell membrane, oxidation of intracellular reduced gluthathione, indicating production of RS; activation of Mn-SD activity of catalase favoring endogenous accumulation of H(2)(2); generation of (2)(+,-) at by increased Mn-SD activity and protein expression; accumulation of RS in spermatozoa reflected in the fluorimetric experiments and increased production of (2)(+-) and H(2)(2) induced apoptosis like death in sperm cell as observed by DNA ladder formation. The sperm death mediated by CAE is due to oxidative damage of cellular macromolecules by in situ 12. Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity:- Free radicals such as superoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl nitric oxide radicals cause degenerative human disease such as cancer, heart disease and cerebrovascular components delay or inhibit lipid peroxidation by inhibiting the initiation or propagation of oxidizing chain reactions and are also involved in scavenging free radicals 13. Assessment of Hypolipidemic potential of Chenopodium album Linn. :- Hyperlipidemia, including Hypercholesterolemia and Hypertriglyceridemia, is major risk factor for the development of Cardiovascular disease. The results suggest the consumption of Chenopodium album Linn. Can be linked to a reduction in the risk of Cardiovascular disease 14. Sperm Immobilizing activity:- Chenopodium album possesses appreciable spermicidal potential which may be explored as an effector constitute of vaginal contraceptive 15. Inhibition of mineralization of urinary stone:- The inhibition efficacy was studied increased intake of fruits juice and seed extract of Chenopodium album would be helpful in urinary stone prophylaxis

5 Phytochemistry of Chenopodium album:- Saponins from Chenopodium album:-seven cinnamic acid amides have been isolated from chenopodium album. The structure have been attributed by means of their spectral data one of them N-trans-4-o-methylferuloyl-4-o-methyl dopamine. Phytoconstituents from the leaves of Chenopodium album:-fractionation of crude petroleum ether extract of the leaves of the chenopodium album lead to the isolation of B- sitosterol (1), lupeol (2) and 3 hydroxy nonadeecyl henicosanoate 17. Chlorophyll fluorescence quenching, zeaxanthine formation and light scattering in tact leaves of triazine susceptible Chenopodium album plants:-the tiazine-resistant biotype of chenopodium album has an impaired activity of photosystemii. In vivo, this leads to a higher sensitivity to photoinhibition, especially when the plants have been grown at a high irradiance 18. Stereochemical studies on ascaulitoxin;-the J-based NMR configurationally analysis was applied to the determination of relative stereochemistry of the ascaulitoxin molecule a phtotoxic metabolite with herbicide activity against Chenopodium album. This is method is particularly suitable for acyclic structure containing hydroxyl groups, besides 3J H, 3J C and 2J CH values can also be used to extract additional angular information 19. Ascaridole and related peroxidase from the genus Chenopodium:- The result on Ascaridol and the major volatiles and semi volatiles of wild species belonging to the genus Chenopodium provide important information on biologically active monoterpenoid compounds and volatile metabolities biosynthesized in wild medicinal plants growing in the East Mediterranean 20. Safety profile:- This plant is edible and not having any toxicity. 53

6 References:- 1. Ahmed A, Elmazar MMA. Isolation of Hypotensive Flavonoids from Chenopodium species Growing Egypt. Phytotherapy research 1997; 2: Kirtikar KR, and Basu BD. Indian Medicinal plants. 2 nd edition Plates seriesm/s Bishwas singh N.P singh, Dehardun, 1976; Yadav N, Vasudeva N, Singh S, Sharma KS. Medicinal Properties of genus Chenopodium Linn. Natural Product Radiance 2007; 6(2): Chenopodium album-bathua available at Chenopodium album available at album. 6. Nadkarani KM, Nadkarani AK. Indian Materia Medica. Bombay Popular Prakashan; , Chenopodium album Linn. Available at 8. Plant profile for Chenopodium album Linn. Available at plants.usda.gov 9. Marica MS, Jasprica I, Asjs SB. ptimization of Chromatographic conditions in thin layer chromatography of flavonoids and phenolic acids.croatica Chemica Acta 2004; 77 (1-2): Jabbar A, Zaman AM, Iqbal Z,Shamim A. Anthelmintic activity of Chenopodium Album L. against trichostrongylid nemotodes of sheep. Journal of Ethanopharmacology 2007; 114: Wang TZ, Kubo M, But HPPH. Antipyretic and Antinociceptive effect of Chenopodium album Linn. In mice. Journal of Ethanopharmacology 2002; 81: Kumar S, Chatterjee R, and Banerjee S. Chenopodium album Linn seed extractinduced sperm cell death exploration of a plausible pathway. Contraception 2008; (6): Kumar S, Kumar D. African Journal of food. Agriculture Nutrition and development Patil UK, Saraf S, Singh P. Assessment of Hypolipidemic potential of chenopodium album linn on triton induced Hyperlipidimic rats. Reaserch Journal of Pharmacy. And Tech 2010; 3 (1):

7 15. kumar S, Biswas etal. Chenopodium seed extract: a potent sperm immobilizing agent in both in vitro and in vivo. Contraception 2007; 75: Mohamed NA, Mozhiyarasi P, Nalinir R. Inhibition of mineralization of urinary stone forming minerals by medicinal plants. E Journal of Chemistry 2006; 3(12): Available at Jhade D, Gavani U. Isolation of phytoconstituents from the leaves of Chenopodium album Linn. Journal of Pharmacy research 2009; 2(7): Available at Curwiel VB, Jack JS and Ransen V. Chlorophyll fluorescence quenching, Zeaxanthin formation and light sacattering in intact leaves of triazine-resistant and triazinesuceesptible Chenopodium album Linn. plants. Journal of photocemistry B. Biology 1996; 35: Bassarello C, Bifulco G, Gomez-Paloma L. Stereochemical studies on ascaulitosin a J- based NMR configurational analysis of a nitrogen substituted system Tetrahedron Letters 2001;42: Valery D, Ilya S, Lumir H. Ascaridole and related peroxides from the genus Chenopodium. Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky lomouc Czech Repub. 152(2):

In Vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Senna occidentalis

In Vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Senna occidentalis Human Journals Research Article December 2017 Vol.:8, Issue:2 All rights are reserved by K. Purushotham et al. In Vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Senna occidentalis Keywords: Anthelmintic activity, Senna

More information

Volume: I: Issue-3: Nov-Dec IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF THE WHOLE PLANT OF ENICOSTEMMA LITTORALE BY USING VARIOUS EXTRACTS

Volume: I: Issue-3: Nov-Dec IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF THE WHOLE PLANT OF ENICOSTEMMA LITTORALE BY USING VARIOUS EXTRACTS Volume: I: Issue3: NovDec 2010 IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF THE WHOLE PLANT OF ENICOSTEMMA LITTORALE BY USING VARIOUS EXTRACTS S.Vidyadhar*, M.Saidulu, T.K.Gopal, D. Chamundeeswari, Umamaheswara rao,

More information

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research Available on line www.jocpr.com Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research ISSN No: 0975-7384 CODEN(USA): JCPRC5 J. Chem. Pharm. Res., 2011, 3(2):298-302 In vitro anthelmintic activity of stem bark

More information

IN VITRO ANTHELMINTHIC AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF ISOLATED COMPOUNDS FROM ANNONA SQUAMOSA BARK

IN VITRO ANTHELMINTHIC AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF ISOLATED COMPOUNDS FROM ANNONA SQUAMOSA BARK IJPSR (2018), Volume 9, Issue 6 (Research Article) Received on 15 August, 2017; received in revised form, 12 November, 2017; accepted, 25 December, 2017; published 01 June, 2018 IN VITRO ANTHELMINTHIC

More information

IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF LEAVES OF JUGLANS REGIA L AGAINST PHERETIMA POSTHUMA

IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF LEAVES OF JUGLANS REGIA L AGAINST PHERETIMA POSTHUMA Sci. Revs. Chem. Commun.: 1(1), 2011, 78-82 IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF LEAVES OF JUGLANS REGIA L AGAINST PHERETIMA POSTHUMA R. DAS *, D. K. MEHTA and A. GUPTA Sri Sai College of Pharmacy, Badhani,

More information

Ethno-veterinary Formulation for Treatment of Bovine Mastitis

Ethno-veterinary Formulation for Treatment of Bovine Mastitis Ethno-veterinary Formulation for Treatment of Bovine Mastitis Balakrishnan Nair MN 1*, Punniamurthy N 2, Mekala P 2, Ramakrishnan N 2 and Kumar SK 1 1 TransDisciplinary University, School of Health Sciences,

More information

Materials and Methods: Anti-snake venom activities of Asparagus racernosus

Materials and Methods: Anti-snake venom activities of Asparagus racernosus Sunil Prashar. et al.: Asian Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 04(16), 2016,Ol-08. RESEARCH ARTICLE Received on: 201 1212016 Published on:29/ 12120 16 Corresponding Author Sunil Prashar, Department

More information

Anthelmintic activity of Cassia auriculata L. extracts-in vitro study

Anthelmintic activity of Cassia auriculata L. extracts-in vitro study Available online at www.scholarsresearchlibrary.com Scholars Research Library J. Nat. Prod. Plant Resour., 2011, 1 (2): 62-66 (http://scholarsresearchlibrary.com/archive.html) ISSN : 2231 3184 CODEN (USA):

More information

Available online through

Available online through Research Article Available online through www.ijrap.net EVALUATION OF ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF STEM BARK OF HOLOPTELEA INTEGRIFOLIA (ROXB) PLANCH Durga Nadella *, Paarakh Padmaa M Dept of Pharmacognosy,

More information

EFFECTS OF GARLIC, TURMERIC AND BETEL LEAF AGAINST GASTROINTESTINAL NEMATODES IN CATTLE. M. R. Amin, M. Mostofa, M. A. Awal and M. A.

EFFECTS OF GARLIC, TURMERIC AND BETEL LEAF AGAINST GASTROINTESTINAL NEMATODES IN CATTLE. M. R. Amin, M. Mostofa, M. A. Awal and M. A. Bangl. J. Vet. Med. (2008). 6 (1): 115 119 EFFECTS OF GARLIC, TURMERIC AND BETEL LEAF AGAINST GASTROINTESTINAL NEMATODES IN CATTLE M. R. Amin, M. Mostofa, M. A. Awal and M. A. Sultana Department of Pharmacology,

More information

Pharmacologyonline 1: (2011) Newsletter Harwansh et al.

Pharmacologyonline 1: (2011) Newsletter Harwansh et al. SCREENING OF CHLOROXYLON SWIETENIA DC ROOT FOR ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITIES Ranjit Kumar Harwansh 1 *, Surendra Kumar Pareta 1, Kartik Chandra Patra 1 and Rajendra Jangde 2 1 SLT Institute

More information

ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF SESAMUM INDICUM (L.) SEEDS EXTRACT ON INDIAN EARTHWORM

ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF SESAMUM INDICUM (L.) SEEDS EXTRACT ON INDIAN EARTHWORM INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PHARMACY AND CHEMISTRY Available online at www.ijrpc.com Research Article ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF SESAMUM INDICUM (L.) SEEDS EXTRACT ON INDIAN EARTHWORM Supriya Bhandare

More information

International Journal of Advances in Pharmacy and Biotechnology Vol.3, Issue-1, 2017, 8-12 Research Article Open Access.

International Journal of Advances in Pharmacy and Biotechnology Vol.3, Issue-1, 2017, 8-12 Research Article Open Access. I J A P B International Journal of Advances in Pharmacy and Biotechnology Vol.3, Issue-1, 2017, 8-12 Research Article Open Access. ISSN: 2454-8375 PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC

More information

Cytotoxic, Anthelmintic and Analgesic Activities of Methanol Extracts from Different Plant Parts of Tabernaemontana Corymbosa (Family: Apocynaceae)

Cytotoxic, Anthelmintic and Analgesic Activities of Methanol Extracts from Different Plant Parts of Tabernaemontana Corymbosa (Family: Apocynaceae) International Journal of Life Science and Engineering Vol. 1, No. 4, 2015, pp. 202-206 http://www.aiscience.org/journal/ijlse Cytotoxic, Anthelmintic and Analgesic Activities of Methanol Extracts from

More information

IN-VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF SOLANAM PUBESCENS AND GYMNOSPORIA EMERGINATA LEAVE

IN-VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF SOLANAM PUBESCENS AND GYMNOSPORIA EMERGINATA LEAVE International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences RESEARCH ARTICLE PHARMACOLOGY IN-VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF SOLANAM PUBESCENS AND GYMNOSPORIA EMERGINATA LEAVE UMA VASIREDDY, HEMAMALINI. K*, VAMSHI.

More information

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS 1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Rycarfa 100 mg tablets for dogs (BE, DE, ES, FR, IE, IT, NL, PT, UK) Rycarfa vet 100 mg tablets for dogs (DK, FI) Carprox

More information

FEED! CHOOSE THE RIGHT

FEED! CHOOSE THE RIGHT WANT THE BEST EGGS? CHOOSE THE RIGHT FEED! Peters Free Range Poultry Mix supplies all the dietary requirements for your poultry to lay rich golden eggs that not only taste great, but are nutritious and

More information

COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS

COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products Veterinary Medicines and Information Technology EMEA/MRL/728/00-FINAL April 2000 COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS STREPTOMYCIN AND

More information

INVIVO STUDY ON THE EFFICACY OF Vernonia amygdalina (BITTER LEAF) EXTRACT ON Ascaris lumbricoides, USING MICE

INVIVO STUDY ON THE EFFICACY OF Vernonia amygdalina (BITTER LEAF) EXTRACT ON Ascaris lumbricoides, USING MICE INVIVO STUDY ON THE EFFICACY OF Vernonia amygdalina (BITTER LEAF) EXTRACT ON Ascaris lumbricoides, USING MICE * RWANG, P.G 1, MATUR, B.M 2, MERCY, K.P 3 AND ISHOR, D 1 1. The Federal University, Lafia,

More information

International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences EVALUATION OF ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF LEAVES OF PAEDERIA FOETIDA YADU NANDAN DEY MANAS KUMAR PAL

International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences EVALUATION OF ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF LEAVES OF PAEDERIA FOETIDA YADU NANDAN DEY MANAS KUMAR PAL International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences RESEARCH ARTICLE PHARMACOLOGY EVALUATION OF ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF LEAVES OF PAEDERIA FOETIDA Corresponding Author YADU NANDAN DEY central council for

More information

European public MRL assessment report (EPMAR)

European public MRL assessment report (EPMAR) 15 January 2013 EMA/CVMP/914694/2011 Committee for Medicinal Products for Veterinary Use (CVMP) European public MRL assessment report (EPMAR) Fenbendazole (extension to chicken and extrapolation to all

More information

COMMITTEE FOR MEDICINAL PRODUCTS FOR VETERINARY USE

COMMITTEE FOR MEDICINAL PRODUCTS FOR VETERINARY USE European Medicines Agency Veterinary Medicines and Inspections EMEA/CVMP/211249/2005-FINAL July 2005 COMMITTEE FOR MEDICINAL PRODUCTS FOR VETERINARY USE DIHYDROSTREPTOMYCIN (Extrapolation to all ruminants)

More information

towards a more responsible antibiotics use in asian animal production: supporting digestive health with essential oil compounds TECHNICAL PAPER

towards a more responsible antibiotics use in asian animal production: supporting digestive health with essential oil compounds TECHNICAL PAPER TECHNICAL PAPER towards a more responsible antibiotics use in asian animal production: supporting digestive health with essential oil compounds www.provimi-asia.com Towards a more responsible use of antibiotics

More information

The effects of condensed tannins against cattle nematodes

The effects of condensed tannins against cattle nematodes The effects of condensed tannins against cattle nematodes Adam Novobilský 1, 2 Irene Mueller-Harvey 3 Stig Milan Thamsborg 2 1 (SLU), Department of Biomedicine and Veterinary Public Health, Uppsala, Sweden

More information

Lecture 6: Fungi, antibiotics and bacterial infections. Outline Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes Viruses Bacteria Antibiotics Antibiotic resistance

Lecture 6: Fungi, antibiotics and bacterial infections. Outline Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes Viruses Bacteria Antibiotics Antibiotic resistance Lecture 6: Fungi, antibiotics and bacterial infections Outline Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes Viruses Bacteria Antibiotics Antibiotic resistance Lecture 1 2 3 Lecture Outline Section 4 Willow and aspirin Opium

More information

Principles of Antimicrobial therapy

Principles of Antimicrobial therapy Principles of Antimicrobial therapy Laith Mohammed Abbas Al-Huseini M.B.Ch.B., M.Sc, M.Res, Ph.D Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics Antimicrobial agents are chemical substances that can kill or

More information

New Insights into the Treatment of Leishmaniasis

New Insights into the Treatment of Leishmaniasis New Insights into the Treatment of Leishmaniasis Eric Zini Snow meeting, 14 March 2009 Few drugs available for dogs Initially developed to treat human leishmaniasis, later adopted in dogs None eradicates

More information

Summary of Product Characteristics

Summary of Product Characteristics Summary of Product Characteristics 1 NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Flukiver 50 mg/ml Solution for Injection 2 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Active Substance Closantel (as Closantel

More information

COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS

COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products Veterinary Medicines Evaluation Unit EMEA/MRL/611/99-FINAL-corrigendum 1 June 1999 COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS XYLAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE

More information

A Field Study on Efficacy of Albendazole (Albezol ) Against Gastro-intestinal Nematodes in Ruminants

A Field Study on Efficacy of Albendazole (Albezol ) Against Gastro-intestinal Nematodes in Ruminants Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci.) 39 : 647-651 (25) A Field Study on Efficacy of Albendazole (Albezol ) Against Gastro-intestinal Nematodes in Ruminants Theera Rukkwamsuk 1, Anawat Sangmalee 1, Korawich Anukoolwuttipong

More information

Vol-3, Issue-4, Suppl-1, Nov 2012 ISSN: Lakshmi et al

Vol-3, Issue-4, Suppl-1, Nov 2012 ISSN: Lakshmi et al PHARMA SCIENCE MONITOR AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF ROTULA AQUATICA LOUR BARK Lakshmi V.K*, Triveni K B, Anitha S, Shashidhara S Department of Pharmacognosy,

More information

Therapeutic apheresis in veterinary

Therapeutic apheresis in veterinary Therapeutic apheresis in veterinary 1 I.P.Pavlov First St.-Petersburg State Medical University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia. Voinov V.A. A. By types of animals on the basis of anatomical and physiological

More information

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF MIKANIA SCANDENS (L.) WILLD. AGAINST MULTIDRUG RESISTANT BACTERIAL PATHOGENS ISOLATED FROM CLINICAL SAMPLES

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF MIKANIA SCANDENS (L.) WILLD. AGAINST MULTIDRUG RESISTANT BACTERIAL PATHOGENS ISOLATED FROM CLINICAL SAMPLES Volume-8, Issue-4, Oct-Dec-2017 Coden IJABFP-CAS-USA Copyrights@2017 Received: 14 th July 2017 Revised: 27 th Aug- 2017 Accepted: 30 th Aug-2017 DOI: 10.21276/Ijabpt, http://dx.doi.org/10.21276/ijabpt

More information

Metacam 1.5 mg/ml oral suspension for dogs

Metacam 1.5 mg/ml oral suspension for dogs Metacam 1.5 mg/ml oral suspension for dogs Species:Dogs Therapeutic indication:pharmaceuticals: Neurological preparations: Analgesics, Other NSAIDs, Locomotor (including navicular and osteoarthritis) Active

More information

Pharmacologyonline 1: (2009)

Pharmacologyonline 1: (2009) ANTHELMINTIC AND ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES OF PEELS OF CITRUS SINENSIS A.T. Rajarajan 1, V.G. Vijayasree 2, W. Kenichi* 1, S.Vijaya Kumar 1, G.Narasimman 3 and S. Sadish kumar 4 1 Department of Clinical

More information

COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS

COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products Veterinary Medicines Evaluation Unit EMEA/MRL/389/98-FINAL July 1998 COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS ENROFLOXACIN (extension to

More information

Pharmacologyonline 2: (2011)

Pharmacologyonline 2: (2011) I VITRO A THELMI TIC PROPERTY OF VARIOUS HERBAL PLA TS EXTRACTS AGAI ST PHERITIMA POSTHUMA Ahirrao R. A. 1*, Patel M.R. 2, Sayyed Hamid 1, Patil J. K. 1, Suryawanshi H.P. 1 and Tadavi S.A. 1 1 Research

More information

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 1, Issue 1, July-Sep. 2009

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 1, Issue 1, July-Sep. 2009 International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 1, Issue 1, July-Sep. 2009 Research article COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY BETWEEN AQUEOUS AND ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF SOLANUM

More information

Principles of Anti-Microbial Therapy Assistant Professor Naza M. Ali. Lec 1

Principles of Anti-Microbial Therapy Assistant Professor Naza M. Ali. Lec 1 Principles of Anti-Microbial Therapy Assistant Professor Naza M. Ali Lec 1 28 Oct 2018 References Lippincott s IIIustrated Reviews / Pharmacology 6 th Edition Katzung and Trevor s Pharmacology / Examination

More information

Impact of VMPs on resistance development

Impact of VMPs on resistance development Impact of VMPs on resistance development What is the impact of using multiple active products with overlapping activity to prevent or delay the development of resistance? IFAH-Europe Thomas Geurden (DVM,

More information

Irish Medicines Board

Irish Medicines Board IRISH MEDICINES BOARD ACT 1995 EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (ANIMAL REMEDIES) (No. 2) REGULATIONS 2007 (S.I. No. 786 of 2007) VPA:10778/003/002 Case No: 7003735 The Irish Medicines Board in exercise of the powers

More information

CLPNA Pressure Ulcers ecourse: Module 5.6 Quiz II page 1

CLPNA Pressure Ulcers ecourse: Module 5.6 Quiz II page 1 CLPNA Pressure Ulcers ecourse: Module 5.6 Quiz II 1. What are the symptoms of an infected wound? a. Fever b. Edema c. Erythema d. Local pain and tenderness e. Induration of wound edge 2. A person with

More information

International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 6, No 2, 2017,

International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 6, No 2, 2017, International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 6, No 2, 2017, 1100 1104 ISSN 2278-3687 (O) 2277-663X (P) COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF CHICKEN UNDER BACKYARD SYSTEM

More information

USA Product Label CLINTABS TABLETS. Virbac. brand of clindamycin hydrochloride tablets. ANADA # , Approved by FDA DESCRIPTION

USA Product Label CLINTABS TABLETS. Virbac. brand of clindamycin hydrochloride tablets. ANADA # , Approved by FDA DESCRIPTION VIRBAC CORPORATION USA Product Label http://www.vetdepot.com P.O. BOX 162059, FORT WORTH, TX, 76161 Telephone: 817-831-5030 Order Desk: 800-338-3659 Fax: 817-831-8327 Website: www.virbacvet.com CLINTABS

More information

ANTIMICROBIAL SCREENING OF A MEDICINALLY POTENT PLANT - GLORIOSA SUPERBA L.

ANTIMICROBIAL SCREENING OF A MEDICINALLY POTENT PLANT - GLORIOSA SUPERBA L. ANTIICROBIAL SCRNING OF A DICINALLY OTNT LANT - GLORIOSA SURBA L. G.S Nikhila, G. Sangeetha and *T.S Swapna Department of Botany, University College, Trivandrum 695034, Kerala, India *Author for Correspondence

More information

Antibacterial Agents & Conditions. Stijn van der Veen

Antibacterial Agents & Conditions. Stijn van der Veen Antibacterial Agents & Conditions Stijn van der Veen Antibacterial agents & conditions Antibacterial agents Disinfectants: Non-selective antimicrobial substances that kill a wide range of bacteria. Only

More information

Afr. J. Trad. CAM (2007) 4 (2):

Afr. J. Trad. CAM (2007) 4 (2): 148 Afr. J. Trad. CAM (2007) 4 (2): 148-156 Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016 2007 Afr. J. Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines www.africanethnomedicines.net ANTHELMINTIC EFFICACY OF NAUCLEA

More information

Importance of Frequency Homeopathic application

Importance of Frequency Homeopathic application Homeopathic Antibiotic for Pets 5 Pages PRODUCT CODE AN070 * Stronger Antibiotic - see product AN071 Infection Fighter 50ml (herbal antibiotic) Last Updated: 11-07-18 All species and ages (and humans)

More information

European Public MRL assessment report (EPMAR)

European Public MRL assessment report (EPMAR) 18 March 2016 EMA/CVMP/619817/2015 Committee for Medicinal Products for Veterinary Use European Public MRL assessment report (EPMAR) Gentamicin (all mammalian food producing species and fin fish) On 3

More information

Summary of Product Characteristics

Summary of Product Characteristics Summary of Product Characteristics 1 NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Melosolute 5 mg/ml solution for injection for cattle, pigs, dogs and cats. 2 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION One ml

More information

BSc, PhD, MBA, LLM, MSc (Med Sci), DAgVetPharm, FRPharmS, FCPP, FIPharmM, MPS (NZ), FNZCP, FFHom

BSc, PhD, MBA, LLM, MSc (Med Sci), DAgVetPharm, FRPharmS, FCPP, FIPharmM, MPS (NZ), FNZCP, FFHom Veterinary Pharmacy Edited by Steven B Kayne BSc, PhD, MBA, LLM, MSc (Med Sci), DAgVetPharm, FRPharmS, FCPP, FIPharmM, MPS (NZ), FNZCP, FFHom Independent Consultant Pharmacist and Visiting Lecturer, School

More information

Antibacterial activity of Stephania suberosa extract against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Antibacterial activity of Stephania suberosa extract against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus B-O-021 Antibacterial activity of Stephania suberosa extract against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Nongluk Autarkool *a, Yothin Teethaisong a, Sajeera Kupittayanant b, Griangsak Eumkeb a

More information

Medical Department PHYSIOLOGICAL EAR CLEANSER

Medical Department PHYSIOLOGICAL EAR CLEANSER PHYSIOLOGICAL EAR CLEANSER Their ears are fragile, take care! Structure of the external ear Pinna Ear canal External ear Border Collie Jack Russel Inner ear? Tympanic membrane Middle ear Bearded Collie

More information

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS. 1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Emdocam 20 mg/ml solution for injection for cattle, pigs and horses

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS. 1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Emdocam 20 mg/ml solution for injection for cattle, pigs and horses SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS 1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Emdocam 20 mg/ml solution for injection for cattle, pigs and horses 2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION One ml contains:

More information

Summary of Product Characteristics

Summary of Product Characteristics Summary of Product Characteristics 1 NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Orafluke 5% w/v Oral Suspension. 2 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Each 1ml of suspension contains: Active Substances

More information

Introduction to Chemotherapeutic Agents. Munir Gharaibeh MD, PhD, MHPE School of Medicine, The university of Jordan November 2018

Introduction to Chemotherapeutic Agents. Munir Gharaibeh MD, PhD, MHPE School of Medicine, The university of Jordan November 2018 Introduction to Chemotherapeutic Agents Munir Gharaibeh MD, PhD, MHPE School of Medicine, The university of Jordan November 2018 Antimicrobial Agents Substances that kill bacteria without harming the host.

More information

Summary of Product Characteristics

Summary of Product Characteristics Summary of Product Characteristics 1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Prazitel Plus XL Tablets For Dogs 2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Each tablet contains: Active substances: Praziquantel

More information

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION SUMMARY

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION SUMMARY Date of Approval Letter: FREEDOM OF INFORMATION SUMMARY SUPPLEMENTAL NEW ANIMAL DRUG APPLICATION NADA 110-048 VALBAZEN (albendazole)...for the removal and control of a variety of internal parasites common

More information

Summary of Product Characteristics

Summary of Product Characteristics Summary of Product Characteristics 1 NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Melosolute 20 mg/ml solution for injection for cattle, pigs and horses. 2 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION One ml contains:

More information

Only for Intravenous Use in Beef and Dairy Cattle. Not for Use in Dry Dairy Cows and Veal Calves. For Intravenous or Intramuscular Use in Horses.

Only for Intravenous Use in Beef and Dairy Cattle. Not for Use in Dry Dairy Cows and Veal Calves. For Intravenous or Intramuscular Use in Horses. INTERVET INC., MERCK ANIMAL HEALTH USA Product Label http://www.vetdepot.com 556 MORRIS AVE., SUMMIT, NJ, 07901 Telephone: 862-245-4321 Order Desk: 800-648-2118 Fax: 862-245-4935 Customer Service: 800-521-5767

More information

Summary of Product Characteristics

Summary of Product Characteristics Summary of Product Characteristics 1 NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Valbazen 100 mg/ml Total Spectrum Wormer 2 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Each ml contains: Active substance Albendazole

More information

Available online at In vitro growth inhibition of pathogenic bacteria by Solanum seaforthianum L.

Available online at  In vitro growth inhibition of pathogenic bacteria by Solanum seaforthianum L. Available online at www.pelagiaresearchlibrary.com Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research, 2013, 3(4):70-76 ISSN : 2249-7412 CODEN (USA): AJPSKY In vitro growth inhibition of pathogenic bacteria by

More information

Sustainable Integrated Parasite Management (sipm)

Sustainable Integrated Parasite Management (sipm) Sustainable Integrated Parasite Management (sipm) The goal of a parasite control program is to control the parasites on a farm to a level which has minimal effect on animal health and productivity without

More information

Comparative Performances of Improved Poultry Breeds under Intensive Condition in Murshidabad District of West Bengal, India

Comparative Performances of Improved Poultry Breeds under Intensive Condition in Murshidabad District of West Bengal, India International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 7 Number 06 (2018) Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.706.178

More information

Detection of Gastrointestinal Helminthic and Protozoan Infections in Diarrhoeic Goats

Detection of Gastrointestinal Helminthic and Protozoan Infections in Diarrhoeic Goats International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 4 (2017) pp. 801-805 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.100

More information

Parasites in Sheep Flocks

Parasites in Sheep Flocks Parasites in Sheep Flocks 1 WHAT IS NEW IN PARASITE CONTROL FOR SHEEP FLOCKS? Drew E. Hunnisett, DVM Honeywood and Warder Veterinary Services 132 Commerce Park Drive, Unit N Barrie, Ontario L4N 8W8 705

More information

Available Online through

Available Online through ISSN: 0975-766X CODEN: IJPTFI Available Online through Research Article www.ijptonline.com SCREENING AND COMPARISON OF IN-VITRO ANTI HELMENTHIC ACTIVITYOF INDIVIDUAL CURCUMINOIDS WITH CHLOROFORM EXTRACT

More information

N.C. A and T List of Approved Analgesics 1 of 5

N.C. A and T List of Approved Analgesics 1 of 5 1 of 5 Note to user: This list of commonly used analgesics and sedatives is not all-inclusive. The absence of an agent does not necessarily mean it is unacceptable. For any questions, call the Clinical

More information

EXCEDE Sterile Suspension

EXCEDE Sterile Suspension VIAL LABEL MAIN PANEL PRESCRIPTION ANIMAL REMEDY KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN READ SAFETY DIRECTIONS FOR ANIMAL TREATMENT ONLY EXCEDE Sterile Suspension 200 mg/ml CEFTIOFUR as Ceftiofur Crystalline Free

More information

VETERINARY MEDICINE-VM (VM)

VETERINARY MEDICINE-VM (VM) Veterinary Medicine-VM (VM) 1 VETERINARY MEDICINE-VM (VM) Courses VM 603 Veterinary Science: Research and Methods Credit: 1 (1-0-0) Course Description: Conduct of responsible research, contributions of

More information

Tautopathic Treatment. Systemic infection or localized infections

Tautopathic Treatment. Systemic infection or localized infections PRODUCT CODE AN071 Herbal Antibiotic for All Species 5 Pages Last Updated: 11-07-18 All species and ages (and humans) Tautopathic Treatment By taking Doxycycline 30C or 200C in a homeopathic form, this

More information

COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS

COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products Veterinary Medicines Evaluation Unit EMEA/MRL/661/99-FINAL August 1999 COMMITTEE FOR VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS FLUNIXIN SUMMARY REPORT (1)

More information

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS Revised: March 2011 1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Strongid - P Paste 43.90% w/w 2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Active Pyrantel Embonate 43.90

More information

AWARENESS OF FARMERS REGARDING HYGIENIC HANDLING OF THEIR CATTLE TO PREVENT ZOONOTIC DISEASES

AWARENESS OF FARMERS REGARDING HYGIENIC HANDLING OF THEIR CATTLE TO PREVENT ZOONOTIC DISEASES Explor Anim Med Res, Vol.5, Issue - 2, 2015, p. 207-212 ISSN 2277-470X (Print), ISSN 2319-247X (Online) Website: www.animalmedicalresearch.org Research Article AWARENESS OF FARMERS REGARDING HYGIENIC HANDLING

More information

Antibiotic Prophylaxis Update

Antibiotic Prophylaxis Update Antibiotic Prophylaxis Update Choosing Surgical Antimicrobial Prophylaxis Peri-Procedural Administration Surgical Prophylaxis and AMS at Epworth HealthCare Mr Glenn Valoppi Dr Trisha Peel Dr Joseph Doyle

More information

Proposed Programme for Master of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology by Course and Research

Proposed Programme for Master of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology by Course and Research DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOLOGY AND TOXICOLOGY FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE UNIVERSITY OF KHARTOUM Proposed Programme for Master of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology by Course and Research May 2012 Proposed

More information

BIODATA. Department of Zoology, Institute of Basic Science, Science Block, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi (UP)

BIODATA. Department of Zoology, Institute of Basic Science, Science Block, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi (UP) BIODATA Name: Husband s Name: Dr. Sapna Rani Mr. Ramesh Kumar Date of Birth: June 16, 1978 Nationality: Sex/Marital Status: E-mail Address: Mailing Address: Indian Female/Married sapna.bu@gmail.com Department

More information

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS 1. Name of the Veterinary Medicinal Product Vetofol 10mg/ml Emulsion for Injection for cats and dogs (AT, CY, EE, FI, DE, EL, LV, PT, ES) Norofol 10mg/ml Emulsion for

More information

Harekrishna Roy et al / Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology Vol. 2 (5), 2010,

Harekrishna Roy et al / Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology Vol. 2 (5), 2010, Preliminary phytochemical investigation and anthelmintic activity of Acanthospermum hispidum DC. Harekrishna Roy*, Anup Chakraborty, Satyabrata Bhanja, Bhabani Shankar Nayak Sruti Ranjan Mishra, P. Ellaiah.

More information

COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO UNDERSTAND EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS WITH BLAST

COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO UNDERSTAND EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS WITH BLAST COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO UNDERSTAND EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS WITH BLAST In this laboratory investigation, you will use BLAST to compare several genes, and then use the information to construct a cladogram.

More information

Summary of Product Characteristics

Summary of Product Characteristics Summary of Product Characteristics 1 NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Flukiver 5% w/v Oral Suspension 2 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Active Substance Closantel (as Clostanel sodium)

More information

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS. KELAPRIL 2.5 mg, film coated tablets for dogs and cats [FR] KELAPRIL 2,5 film coated tablets for dogs and cats

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS. KELAPRIL 2.5 mg, film coated tablets for dogs and cats [FR] KELAPRIL 2,5 film coated tablets for dogs and cats SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS 1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT KELAPRIL 2.5 mg, film coated tablets for dogs and cats [FR] KELAPRIL 2,5 film coated tablets for dogs and cats 2. QUALITATIVE

More information

Managing pre-calving dairy cows: nutrition, housing and parasites

Managing pre-calving dairy cows: nutrition, housing and parasites Vet Times The website for the veterinary profession https://www.vettimes.co.uk Managing pre-calving dairy cows: nutrition, housing and parasites Author : Lee-Anne Oliver Categories : Farm animal, Vets

More information

ANIMAL HUSBANDARY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE (CODE NO. 02) PAPER - I

ANIMAL HUSBANDARY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE (CODE NO. 02) PAPER - I ANIMAL HUSBANDARY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE (CODE NO. 02) PAPER - I 1. Animal Nutrition Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, Requirements for maintenance, growth and production of milk, meat,work,

More information

HOW XTC IMPROVED MINOXIDIL PENETRATION - 5 WAYS!

HOW XTC IMPROVED MINOXIDIL PENETRATION - 5 WAYS! HOW XTC IMPROVED MINOXIDIL PENETRATION - 5 WAYS! What Hinders Minoxidil from Working Well 1. Sebum from sebaceous gland blocks the hair follicle. 2. Minoxidil therefore, cannot penetrate through the sebum

More information

Feline Wellness Report

Feline Wellness Report Demo/Sample Clinic Feline Wellness Report 59 YOUR CAT'S AGE, IN HUMAN YEARS: Environment, genetics, nutrition and size are factors in determining a cat's age. Although this calculation is not exact, it

More information

بسم هللا الرحمن الرحيم

بسم هللا الرحمن الرحيم بسم هللا الرحمن الرحيم The third (and the last) part about the Antimicrobial drugs. Tetracyclines: 1. This group is considered Bacteriostatic drugs Bacteriostatic drugs means: the effect of them is not

More information

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS. Animeloxan 1.5 mg/ml oral suspension for dogs. Active substance: Meloxicam 1.5 mg (equivalent to 0.

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS. Animeloxan 1.5 mg/ml oral suspension for dogs. Active substance: Meloxicam 1.5 mg (equivalent to 0. SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS 1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Animeloxan 1.5 mg/ml oral suspension for dogs 2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Each ml of suspension contains:

More information

Pain Management in Racing Greyhounds

Pain Management in Racing Greyhounds Pain Management in Racing Greyhounds Pain Pain is a syndrome consisting of multiple organ system responses, and if left untreated will contribute to patient morbidity and mortality. Greyhounds incur a

More information

ANNEX I SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS. Medicinal product no longer authorised

ANNEX I SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS. Medicinal product no longer authorised ANNEX I SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS 1 1. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Zubrin 50 mg oral lyophilisates for dogs Zubrin 100 mg oral lyophilisates for dogs Zubrin 200 mg oral lyophilisates

More information

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF CARAWAY SEEDS AND INDIAN COSTUS ROOT ESSENTIAL OILS

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF CARAWAY SEEDS AND INDIAN COSTUS ROOT ESSENTIAL OILS G.J.B.B., VOL.7 (1) 18: 44-48 ISSN 2278 9103 ANIBACIAL ACIVIY OF CAAWAY SDS AND INDIAN COSUS OO SSNIAL OILS Mohammed Al-Janabi Biotechnology esearch Center/Al-hrain University, Baghdad ABSAC he disc diffusion

More information

Antibacterial therapy 1. د. حامد الزعبي Dr Hamed Al-Zoubi

Antibacterial therapy 1. د. حامد الزعبي Dr Hamed Al-Zoubi Antibacterial therapy 1 د. حامد الزعبي Dr Hamed Al-Zoubi ILOs Principles and terms Different categories of antibiotics Spectrum of activity and mechanism of action Resistancs Antibacterial therapy What

More information

Vertebrates. Vertebrate Characteristics. 444 Chapter 14

Vertebrates. Vertebrate Characteristics. 444 Chapter 14 4 Vertebrates Key Concept All vertebrates have a backbone, which supports other specialized body structures and functions. What You Will Learn Vertebrates have an endoskeleton that provides support and

More information

Irish Greyhound Board. Scientific Advisory Committee on Doping and Medication Control. Opinion on Carprofen

Irish Greyhound Board. Scientific Advisory Committee on Doping and Medication Control. Opinion on Carprofen Irish Greyhound Board Scientific Advisory Committee on Doping and Medication Control Opinion on Carprofen The Committee has been examining the advice it would give the Board on the threshold for carprofen

More information

LUPIN LIMITED SAFETY DATA SHEET. Section 1: Identification MADE IN INDIA

LUPIN LIMITED SAFETY DATA SHEET. Section 1: Identification MADE IN INDIA LUPIN LIMITED SAFETY DATA SHEET Section 1: Identification Section 1, Identification Material Manufacturer Distributor Amlodipine Besylate Tablets USP 2.5 mg, 5 mg and 10 mg Lupin Limited MADE IN INDIA

More information

Gram-positive cocci Staphylococci and Streptococcia

Gram-positive cocci Staphylococci and Streptococcia Medical microbiology Laboratory Lab 8 Gram-positive cocci Staphylococci and Streptococcia Lecturer Maysam A Mezher Gram positive cocci 1-Staphylococcus. 2-Streptococcus. 3-Micrococcus The medically important

More information

6.0 ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF CAROTENOID FROM HALOMONAS SPECIES AGAINST CHOSEN HUMAN BACTERIAL PATHOGENS

6.0 ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF CAROTENOID FROM HALOMONAS SPECIES AGAINST CHOSEN HUMAN BACTERIAL PATHOGENS 6.0 ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF CAROTENOID FROM HALOMONAS SPECIES AGAINST CHOSEN HUMAN BACTERIAL PATHOGENS 6.1 INTRODUCTION Microorganisms that cause infectious disease are called pathogenic microbes. Although

More information