2 Family Tupaiidae: tree shrews (5 genera) Genus to know: Tupaia Diurnal frugivores or insectivores, live in forests in Southeastern Asia
3 Diagnosis: Looks like a squirrel with elongated snout, dilambodont molars, small upper incisors look like canines. Dental formula: 2/3 1/1 3/3 3/3 Complete postorbital bar, hole in jugal bone of zygomatic arch
4 Family Cynocephalidae: colugos (1 genus) Genus to know: Cynocephalus Primarily folivores, also frugivorous and herbivorous. Range: Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Phillippines,
5 Diagnosis: Upper incisors reduced in size, lower incisors comblike. Broad, flat skull. Gliding membrane extensive, not just between limbs but between digits, beginning behind ears and ending at the hind toes. Dental formula: 2/3 1/1 2/2 3/3
6 Suborders: Strepsirrhini and Haplorrhini Strepsirrhini: lemurs and lorises have a rhinarium, or a wet nose. Nose is connected to upper lip and gum. Also have a postorbital bar. Haplorrhini: tarsiers, monkeys, and apes do not have a postorbital bar, orbit is enclosed in bone.
7 Family Lemuridae (5 genera, 9 species) Genus to know: Lemur Occur in forested habitats in Madagascar and Comoro Islands. Live in small groups, eat mostly plants and fruits, but some eat small vertebrates or arthropods.
8 Diagnosis: Lower incisors and lower canines form a 6-tooth comb; first premolar resembles canine.
9 Family Indriidae Occur in Madagascar. Largely herbivorous. Arboreal
10 Diagnosis: Lower incisors form 4-tooth comb. Relatively large lemur, can reach 10 kg.
12 Diagnosis: Rodent-like teeth with diastema between incisors and cheek teeth. Openrooted incisors have enamel only on front.
13 Family Lorisidae (5 genera, 9 sp.) Genus to know: Loris Nocturnal, arboreal, slowmoving insectivores. Africa south of Sahara, India, Sri Lanka, and SE Asia
14 Diagnosis: Short snout, forward facing eyes, cranial ridges in slow loris. Squirrel to rat sized, no tail. Dental formula: 1-2/2, 1/1, 3/3, 3/3.
15 Family Tarsiidae Genus to know: Tarsius Borneo, Sumatra, parts of Philippines
16 Diagnosis: Largest eyes relative to body size of any mammal (nocturnal!). Size of a small rat. Name comes from specially elongated tarsal bones, giving legs a froglike appearance. Dental formula: 2/1, 1/1, 3/3, 3/3
17 Family Cebidae (6 genera, 56 sp.) Genera to know: Callithrix, Cebus, Saimiri New World monkeys. Diets vary. Some species eat fruits, flowers, insects, and small animals, others, especially marmosets (Callithrix), eat gum or resin. Saimiri eats mostly insects.
18 Diagnosis: Canines and lower incisors are the same length for resin scraping. Dental formula: 2/2, 1/1, 3/3, 2/2
19 Diagnosis: Canines longer than incisors, rely more on insects than marmosets Dental formula: 2/2, 1/1, 3/3, 2/2
20 Diagnosis: Long prehensile tail, opposable thumb but not big toe, elongate limbs. 2/2 1/1 3/3 3/3
21 Diagnosis: Long prehensile tail, opposable thumb but not big toe, elongate limbs. Eats insects mostly.
22 Family Aotidae (1 genus, 8 species) Genus to know: Aotus Nocturnal New World monkeys
23 Diagnosis: Large eyes, 2/2 1/1 3/3 3/3
24 Family Atelidae (5 genera, 24 species) Genus to know: Alouatta New World rainforest dwellers Alouatta is mostly a leaf-eater
25 Diagnosis: Inflated hyoid bone acts as a resonance chamber for distinctive calls. Enlarged angular region of dentary bone, also helps with resonance.
26 Family Cercopithecidae (21 genera, 132 species) Genera to know: Papio, Macaca Found in Gibraltar, Africa, southern Arabian Peninsula, southeast Asia, Japan, Indonesia, and the Phillippines. Diurnal. Both Papio and Macaca are terrestrial, others more arboreal. Omnivores, but plant materials make up the bulk of their diet.
27 Diagnosis: Long snout, face points downward. Broad upper incisors, large canines. Both face and rump bare and colored. 2/2 1/1 2/2 3/3
29 Family Hylobatidae (4 genera, 14 species) Old World: Southeast Asia, Sumatra, Borneo, Java. Arboreal brachiators. Eat fruit, leaves, insects.
31 Family Hominidae (4 genera, 7 species) Genera to know: Pongo, Pan, Gorilla Pan and Gorilla found in equatorial Africa, Pongo in Borneo and Sumatra. Dental formula: 2/2, 1/1, 2/2, 3/3.
32 Male: saggital crest, enlarged canines Female: crest absent, smaller canines Brachiate Eats primarily leaves, fruit, and shoots, but also insects, eggs, and small mammals. Generally solitary, may form consortships.
33 Occur in central Africa in woodland, savannah, and tropical forest. Form social groups. May be omnivorous (Chimpanzee) or vegetarian (Bonobo).
34 Largest of all primates Live in tropical forests in central Africa Form social groups Eat mostly leaves, stems, and fruit. Primarily terrestrial, may sleep in trees overnight.
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