Reproduction in Seed Plants (pp )

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Reproduction in Seed Plants (pp )"

Transcription

1 Structure and Function of Plants Reading/Notetaking Guide Reproduction in Seed Plants (pp ) This section gives examples of the group of seed plants known as gymnosperms and angiosperms and describes their features and how they reproduce. Use Target Reading Skills After reading the section, complete the two cycle diagrams. One represents the life cycle of gymnosperms, and the other represents the life cycle of angiosperms. Life Cycle of a Gymnosperm 1. A pine tree produces and cones. 2b. Each scale on a female cone has two at its bases. 7. disperses the pine seeds. A seed grows into a and then into a tree. 2a. A male cone produces, which contain cells that will mature into. 3. In time, two form inside each ovule. 4. The wind scatters. Some become trapped in a sticky substance produced by the ovule. 6. The ovule develops into a. The fertilized egg becomes the. Other parts of the ovule develop into the. 5. The ovule closes, and a pollen grain produces a that grows into the ovule. A moves through the tube and fertilizes the. Life Cycle of an Angiosperm 1. An apple tree produces. 2b. Inside the ovary, an is produced in each ovule. 2a. The cells in the produce pollen grains. 3. are trapped on the. 7. A grows into a new plant. 4. The pollen grain produces a pollen tube that grows into the. A moves through the pollen tube and. 6. The develops into a that encloses the seeds. The fruit helps in. 5. The develops into seed. The fertilized egg becomes the. Other parts of the ovule develop into the. 189

2 Structure and Function of Plants Reading/Notetaking Guide Reproduction in Seed Plants (continued) Gymnosperms (pp ) 1. What is a gymnosperm? 2. Is the following sentence true or false? Gymnosperms have seeds that are not enclosed by a fruit. 3. Is the following sentence true or false? Gymnosperms have needle-like or scalelike leaves and deep-growing root systems. Gymnosperm Life Cycle (pp ) 4. Most gymnosperms have reproductive structures called. 5. Is the following sentence true or false? Male cones contain ovules at the base of each scale. 6. A structure that contains an egg cell is a(n). 7. What happens during pollination? 8. Is the following sentence true or false? In gymnosperms, wind often carries the pollen from the male cones to the female cones. 9. Is the following sentence true or false? All of a gymnosperm s seeds will grow into new plants. Angiosperms (p. 392) 10. A plant that produces seeds that are enclosed in a fruit is called a(n). 11. List two characteristics of angiosperms. a. b. 190

3 Structure and Function of Plants Reading/Notetaking Guide The Structure of Flowers (pp ) 12. Label the parts of the flower in this diagram. b. e. a. c. f. h. g. d. i. 13. What are pollinators? Angiosperm Life Cycle (pp ) 14. Is the following sentence true or false? All angiosperms rely on wind for pollination. 15. Describe the fertilization process. Types of Angiosperms (p. 396) 16. List the two major groups of angiosperms. a. b. 17. What are three ways in which monocots and dicots differ? Seed Plants in Everyday Life (p. 397) 18. Circle the letter of each product that conifers provide. a. fruit b. paper c. turpentine d. cotton fibers 19. Is the following sentence true or false? Angiosperms are an important source of food for other organisms. 191

4 Reptiles (pp ) This section describes adaptations that enable reptiles to live their entire lives on land. It also explains the characteristics of the major groups of reptiles and what may have caused the extinction of dinosaurs. Use Target Reading Skills When you compare and contrast, you examine the similarities and differences between things. Use the table below to compare and contrast the characteristics of alligators and snakes. Alligators and Snakes How They Move What They Eat Whether They Care for Their Young Alligators a. b. c. Snakes d. e. f. 232

5 Adaptations for Life on Land (pp ) 1. What is a reptile? 2. Circle the letter of the animal that is NOT a reptile. a. snake b. alligator c. lizard d. salamander 3. Is the following sentence true or false? Reptiles were the first vertebrates to be well adapted to live their entire lives on land. 4. Reptiles get their oxygen from the, and they breathe entirely with. 5. What are two functions of a reptile s scaly skin? 6. How do the kidneys keep reptiles from losing water? 7. What adaptations does a reptile s egg have to keep it from drying out? Diversity of Reptiles (pp ) 8. What characteristics do both lizards and snakes have? 9. Circle the letter of each characteristic that snakes have. a. no legs b. jawbones that spread wide apart c. no lungs d. teeth that help them capture prey 233

6 Reptiles (continued) 10. Is the following sentence true or false? All snakes are carnivores. 11. Is the following sentence true or false? All snakes have venom glands. 12. Describe how snakes move. 13. Is the following sentence true or false? Alligators, crocodiles, and their relatives are the largest living reptiles. 14. Complete the Venn diagram to show the similarities and differences between alligators and crocodiles. Alligators Crocodiles Broad, rounded snouts Carnivore Most teeth visible when mouth is shut 234

7 15. How do alligators and crocodiles care for their young? 16. What is a turtle? 17. Is the following sentence true or false? All turtles can pull their head, legs, and tail inside their shell. 18. Instead of teeth, turtles have sharp-edged. Extinct Reptiles The Dinosaurs (p. 479) 19. Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about dinosaurs. a. They became extinct about 65 million years ago. b. Some dinosaurs might have been endotherms. c. Dinosaurs were the earliest vertebrates to have legs positioned directly under their bodies. d. Most carnivorous dinosaurs walked on four legs. 20. What might have caused the extinction of dinosaurs? 235

8 Birds (pp ) This section tells about the characteristics of birds, how they care for their young, and about their special adaptations. Use Target Reading Skills Preview the figure titled Adaptations for Flight in your text. Then write two questions that you have about the diagram in the graphic organizer below. As you read, answer your questions. Adaptations for Flight Q. A. Q. A. Characteristics of Birds (pp ) 1. List five characteristics of birds. a. b. c. d. e. 2. Circle the letter of each adaptation that enables birds to fly. a. feathers b. hollow bones c. scales d. large chest muscles 237

9 Birds (continued) Match the bird feathers with their characteristics. Each kind of feather may be used more than once. Characteristics 3. Traps air to keep bird from losing heat 4. Balances and steers bird in flight 5. Found right next to a bird s skin 6. Gives shape to a bird s body Feathers a. contour feather b. down feather 7. Which feather below is a contour feather, and which is a down feather? a. b. 8. What are barbs? 9. What is the function of air sacs? 10. The right side of a bird s heart pumps blood to the. The left side of a bird s heart pumps blood to the. 11. What is the advantage of a four-chambered heart? 238

10 12. Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about birds. a. Birds have teeth. b. Each bird species has a bill shaped to help it get food quickly and efficiently. c. The crop stores food in the body after the bird swallows it. d. Chemicals break down food in the gizzard. 13. What is the function of a gizzard? 14. Why do birds need a lot of energy? 15. Cells must have enough to release the energy from food. 16. Circle the letter of a characteristic of bird eggs. a. soft shell b. leathery shell c. hard shell d. no shell 17. In most bird species, the female lays the eggs in a(n). 18. How do birds keep their eggs warm so that they will develop? 19. How long do parent birds care for their young? 239

11 Structure Plate Tectonics and Function Laboratory Investigation of Vertebrates Reading/Notetaking Guide Mammals (pp ) This section describes the characteristics of mammals and how they differ in their reproduction. Use Target Reading Skills When you compare and contrast, you examine the similarities and differences between things. Use the table below to compare and contrast how monotremes, marsupials, and placental mammals reproduce and how their young develop. Monotremes, Marsupials, and Placental Mammals How They Reproduce How Their Young Develop Gestation Period Monotremes a. b. Marsupials c. d. e. Placental Mammals f. g. h. Characteristics of Mammals (pp ) 1. Circle the letter of each characteristic of mammals. a. endothermic vertebrate b. feathers c. three-chambered heart d. teeth 2. Is the following sentence true or false? The young of most mammals are born alive. 3. Every young mammal is fed with produced in its mother s body. Match the type of teeth with their function. Some functions may be used more than once. Teeth 4. canines 5. molars 6. incisors 7. premolars Function a. Bite off and cut parts of food b. Stab food and tear it c. Grind and shred food into tiny bits 241

12 Mammals (continued) 8. Look at the teeth in the diagram above. Is this animal an herbivore or a carnivore? How do you know? 9. Mammals breathe in and out because of the combined action of rib muscles and a large muscle called the located at the bottom of the ribs. 10. Circle the letter of the number of chambers in a mammal s heart. a. two b. three c. four d. five 11. Is the following sentence true or false? Fur and hair are composed of dead cells. 12. How do fur and hair help mammals? 13. Generally, animals in cold regions have coats of fur than animals in warmer environments. 14. Most mammals have four that they use for moving. Match the type of mammal with its specialized way of moving. Mammal Way of Moving 15. bats a. Have flippers for swimming 16. dolphins 17. orangutans b. Have wings for flying c. Swing by their arms 18. What sense do bats use to capture insects? 242

13 Diversity of Mammals (pp ) 19. The three main groups of mammals are,, and. 20. Is the following sentence true or false? Marsupials are mammals that lay eggs. 21. Circle the letter of each animal that is a placental mammal. a. kangaroo b. elephant c. duck-billed platypus d. chimpanzee 22. What is a gestation period? 23. What is the function of the placenta? 24. Why do young mammals usually stay with their mother or both parents for an extended period of time? 243

Week 19 KSE pp What are three characteristics of amphibians? (Amphibians are the smallest group of vertebrates. Amphibians are cold-blooded.

Week 19 KSE pp What are three characteristics of amphibians? (Amphibians are the smallest group of vertebrates. Amphibians are cold-blooded. Week 18 KSE pp. 78-79 1. What are the three types of fish and their main characteristics? (The three main types of fish are bony fish, cartilaginous fish and jawless fish. Cartilaginous fish have skeletons

More information

Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles

Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles Section 1: What is a Vertebrate? Characteristics of CHORDATES Most are Vertebrates (have a spinal cord) Some point in life cycle all chordates have: Notochord Nerve cord that

More information

First Facts by Rebecca Johnson

First Facts by Rebecca Johnson First Facts by Rebecca Johnson Use these activity sheets to teach your science content in combination with literacy. There are two photocopiable worksheets to support each of the eight books in the series.

More information

3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UDI 2.- FAUNIA. ANIMALS-VERTEBRATES (7)

3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UDI 2.- FAUNIA. ANIMALS-VERTEBRATES (7) VERTEBRATES 3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UDI 2.- FAUNIA. ANIMALS-VERTEBRATES (7) Vertebrates are animals which have a backbone and an internal skeleton. The skeleton protects vital organs and supports the

More information

Down feather. Chapter 7 289

Down feather. Chapter 7 289 6 Birds and Mammals Section 6 Birds and Mammals Reading Preview Key Concepts What are the main characteristics of birds? How are birds adapted to their environments? What characteristics do all mammals

More information

What Is a Vertebrate?

What Is a Vertebrate? Name Date _ Class What Is a Vertebrate? This section explains the charactertsftcs of apt:mals With backbones. Use Target Reading Skills After you read the section, reread the paragraphs that contatn definition

More information

Essential Question: What are the characteristics of invertebrate animals? What are the characteristics of vertebrate animals?

Essential Question: What are the characteristics of invertebrate animals? What are the characteristics of vertebrate animals? Essential Question: What are the characteristics of invertebrate animals? What are the characteristics of vertebrate animals? Key Concept: The animal kingdom is divided up into 35 phyla. These phyla can

More information

! Three things needed to survive on land were: ! 1. Have lungs and breathe air. ! 2. Have a body resistant to drying out.

! Three things needed to survive on land were: ! 1. Have lungs and breathe air. ! 2. Have a body resistant to drying out. Marine Reptiles, Birds and Mammals Vertebrates! Invaded the land and are descendants from the bony fish and were able to withstand the conditions on the land.! They evolved two sets of limbs (even snakes)

More information

BREATHING WHICH IS NOT RESPIRATION

BREATHING WHICH IS NOT RESPIRATION BREATHING WHICH IS NOT RESPIRATION Breathing vs. Respiration All animals respire. A lot of people think respiration means breathing- this is not true! Breathing is the physical process of inhaling oxygen

More information

Alligators. very long tail, and a head with very powerful jaws.

Alligators. very long tail, and a head with very powerful jaws. Reptiles Reptiles are one group of animals. There are two special features that make an animal a reptile. Those two features are bodies covered in scales and having a cold-blooded body. Adult reptiles

More information

WHAT ARE HERPTILES? WHICH IS WHICH? 1. Vertebrates are animals that have 2. Complete the following chart of vertebrate groups: EGGS LAID WHERE?

WHAT ARE HERPTILES? WHICH IS WHICH? 1. Vertebrates are animals that have 2. Complete the following chart of vertebrate groups: EGGS LAID WHERE? WHAT ARE HERPTILES? 1. Vertebrates are animals that have 2. Complete the following chart of vertebrate groups: SKIN COVERING? GILLS OR LUNGS? EGGS LAID WHERE? ENDOTHERMIC OR ECTOTHERMIC Fish AMPHIBIANS

More information

Station #4. All information Adapted from:http://school.discoveryeducation.com/lessonplans/activities/makeitahabitat/adaptations.html and other sites

Station #4. All information Adapted from:http://school.discoveryeducation.com/lessonplans/activities/makeitahabitat/adaptations.html and other sites Adaptation Homework Station #1 GOAL: Avoid the Sun s heat and keep themselves cool. Animals spend the daylight hours hiding in burrows or behind boulders. They come out at night to hunt and forage for

More information

Reptilian Requirements Created by the North Carolina Aquarium at Fort Fisher Education Section

Reptilian Requirements Created by the North Carolina Aquarium at Fort Fisher Education Section Essential Question: North Carolina Aquariums Education Section Reptilian Requirements Created by the North Carolina Aquarium at Fort Fisher Education Section What physical and behavioral adaptations do

More information

Folder 1. Turtles. Folder 2

Folder 1. Turtles. Folder 2 Folder 1 Characteristics Of reptiles My K-W-L cards About Reptiles Good Point Turtle defense What they eat Life Cycle turtles Turtles Lizards Folder 2 My Reptile Report Snake Defense Crocodilia Testudines

More information

Vertebrates. skull ribs vertebral column

Vertebrates. skull ribs vertebral column Vertebrates skull ribs vertebral column endoskeleton in cells working together tissues tissues working together organs working together organs systems Blood carries oxygen to the cells carries nutrients

More information

Echidnas By Guy Belleranti

Echidnas By Guy Belleranti What mammal has spines like a hedgehog, a snout like an anteater, and lays leathery eggs like a reptile? The echidna or spiny anteater. Even though it looks like a cross between an anteater and a hedgehog,

More information

Great Horned Owls. Rob & Ann Simpson

Great Horned Owls. Rob & Ann Simpson Lesson 3 Great Horned Owl Great Horned Owls Hoo, hoo-oo, hoo, hoo! A great horned owl hoots in the night. Maybe it is hunting for a rabbit to eat. The great horned owl is one of the largest owls of North

More information

Vocabulary Review. Use the words below to fill in the blanks with terms from. Completion the chapter.

Vocabulary Review. Use the words below to fill in the blanks with terms from. Completion the chapter. Chapter Chapter 30 # xnonvertebrate Title Chordates, Fishes, and Amphibians Vocabulary Review Matching In the space provided, write the letter of the definition that best matches each term. 1. cartilage

More information

Time of Day. Teacher Lesson Plan Nocturnal Animals Pre-Visit Lesson. Overview

Time of Day. Teacher Lesson Plan Nocturnal Animals Pre-Visit Lesson. Overview Teacher Lesson Plan Nocturnal Animals Pre-Visit Lesson Duration: 40-50 minutes Minnesota State Science Standard Correlations: 3.4.1.1.2. Wisconsin State Science Standard Correlations: B 4.6, C.4.1, C.4.2

More information

ì<(sk$m)=bdibci< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=bdibci< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Genre Comprehension Skill Text Features Science Content Nonfiction Sequence Labels Diagram Glossary Animals Scott Foresman Science 3.2 ì

More information

Animals and Their Environments II

Animals and Their Environments II Animals and Their Environments II Grade Level: K, 2 Content Area: Life science Core Area: Exploring Organisms and Their Environments, Animals and Their Environments Lesson Overview: Students will compare

More information

Carnivore An animal that feeds chiefly on the flesh of other animals.

Carnivore An animal that feeds chiefly on the flesh of other animals. Name: School: Date: Bipedalism A form of terrestrial locomotion where an organism moves by means of its two rear limbs, or legs. An animal that usually moves in a bipedal manner is known as a biped, meaning

More information

NATIONAL SPORT SCHOOL ST CLARE COLLEGE

NATIONAL SPORT SCHOOL ST CLARE COLLEGE NATIONAL SPORT SCHOOL ST CLARE COLLEGE HALF-YEARLY EXAMINATION 2014/15 Mark Level 5 6 7 8 FORM 1 Integrated Science TIME: 1h 30min Question 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Max. Mark Mark Global Mark 10 10 12 12 8

More information

THE CHILDREN S ZOO. Scavenger Hunt GRADES K-3

THE CHILDREN S ZOO. Scavenger Hunt GRADES K-3 THE CHILDREN S ZOO Scavenger Hunt GRADES K-3 Scavenger Hunt The Children s Zoo (K-3) Teacher s Guide Updated Summer 2011 APPROXIMATE TIME: 60 Minutes Suggestions for Teachers: 1. Allow your children about

More information

Identifying Plant and Animal Adaptations Answer Key

Identifying Plant and Animal Adaptations Answer Key Identifying Plant and Animal Adaptations Answer Key Instructions: Review the provided photos on the ipad. Try to identify as many adaptations for each plant or animal and determine how each adaptation

More information

Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve

Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve Dear Third Grade Students, On your visit to the Plateau, we probably won t meet. I am nocturnal, which means I sleep all day long and come out at night. Since I m a male (or boy), when the sun starts to

More information

SKELETONS: Museum of Osteology Tooth and Eye Dentification Teacher Resource

SKELETONS: Museum of Osteology Tooth and Eye Dentification Teacher Resource SKELETONS: Museum of Osteology Tooth and Eye Dentification Teacher Resource Grade Levels: 3 rd 5 th Grade 3 rd Grade: SC.3.N.1.1 - Raise questions about the natural world, investigate them individually

More information

Vertebrates. What is a vertebrate?

Vertebrates. What is a vertebrate? Vertebrates In a modern system of classification, all animals can be divided into two groups vertebrates and invertebrates. Vertebrates are animals that have a skeleton inside their bodies. Biologists

More information

KS3 Adaptation. KS3 Adaptation. Adaptation dominoes Trail

KS3 Adaptation. KS3 Adaptation. Adaptation dominoes Trail KS3 Adaptation KS3 Adaptation Adaptation dominoes Trail Adaptation Trail The Adaptation Trail is a journey of discovery through Marwell which allows students to develop and apply their knowledge and understanding

More information

In North America 1. the Triassic is represented by the thick Newark Group along the east coast, 2. by widespread red-bed and fluvial sediments in the

In North America 1. the Triassic is represented by the thick Newark Group along the east coast, 2. by widespread red-bed and fluvial sediments in the The Triassic System The name Triassic derives from the three parts into which the Triassic is divided on the European platform: 3. Keuper (highest) 2. Muschelkalk 1. Bunter (lowest) In North America 1.

More information

Natural Science 1º ESO

Natural Science 1º ESO Unit 5 y 6. Animals. NAME Adapted from Natural Science. 1º ESO. Anaya Natural Science 1º ESO 0 INDEX 1. VOCABULARY... 1 2. VOCABULARIO... 2 3. UNIT CHART...Cover and 3 4. UNIT ACTIVITIES AND NOTES... 4-14

More information

Skulls & Evolution. 14,000 ya cro-magnon. 300,000 ya Homo sapiens. 2 Ma Homo habilis A. boisei A. robustus A. africanus

Skulls & Evolution. 14,000 ya cro-magnon. 300,000 ya Homo sapiens. 2 Ma Homo habilis A. boisei A. robustus A. africanus Skulls & Evolution Purpose To illustrate trends in the evolution of humans. To demonstrate what you can learn from bones & fossils. To show the adaptations of various mammals to different habitats and

More information

Animal Instincts. Modified from a lesson found at

Animal Instincts. Modified from a lesson found at Animal Instincts Modified from a lesson found at Materials Paper for writing and drawing assembled into a log Reference materials for researching animals Dice Procedure 1. The first task for your group

More information

Non-fiction: Sea Monsters. A new wave of fossils reveals the oceans prehistoric giants.

Non-fiction: Sea Monsters. A new wave of fossils reveals the oceans prehistoric giants. Sea Monsters By Stephen Fraser A new wave of fossils reveals the oceans prehistoric giants. Way back when Tyrannosaurus rex shook the ground, another giant reptile lurked in the prehistoric oceans. A 50-foot

More information

Is That Mammal a Carnivore, Herbivore or Omnivore?

Is That Mammal a Carnivore, Herbivore or Omnivore? Name: Is That Mammal a Carnivore, by Guy Belleranti A mammal can be a carnivore (meat eater), herbivore (plant eater) or omnivore (meat and plant eater). By looking at the teeth, eye position and feet

More information

Let s Talk Turkey Selection Let s Talk Turkey Expository Thinking Guide Color-Coded Expository Thinking Guide and Summary

Let s Talk Turkey Selection Let s Talk Turkey Expository Thinking Guide Color-Coded Expository Thinking Guide and Summary Thinking Guide Activities Expository Title of the Selection: Let s Talk Turkey Teaching Band Grades 3-5 Genre: Nonfiction Informational, Magazine Article The selection and Expository Thinking Guide are

More information

Use your Fact Files to circle the correct lion facts. Which food would the lion rather eat? About how many years does a lion live?

Use your Fact Files to circle the correct lion facts. Which food would the lion rather eat? About how many years does a lion live? Use your Fact Files to circle the correct lion facts. Which food would the lion rather eat? About how many years does a lion live? 25 50 1 16 GRADE ONE ZOO ANIMALS SCIENCE 001 Which lion would typically

More information

Inferring #1 This diagram shows the beak of several different species of birds. Make observations about the beaks and answer the questions.

Inferring #1 This diagram shows the beak of several different species of birds. Make observations about the beaks and answer the questions. Observing #1 1. Record a qualitative observation of the scene in the illustration. 2. Record a quantitative observation of the scene in the illustration. 3. Observation or inference? The house collapsed.

More information

Cobras By Guy Belleranti

Cobras By Guy Belleranti Name: The cobras of Africa and Asia are among the most famous, and most intimidating, snakes in the world. have thin bodies and short, wide heads. When a cobra hunts or senses danger, it raises its head

More information

Module 18 Animals with Backbones

Module 18 Animals with Backbones Module 18 Animals with Backbones What this module is about This is another module on animals, and this time, it deals with animals with backbones. Animals with backbones fall under Phylum Chordata. Only

More information

Museum of Zoology Department Vision Message Objectives

Museum of Zoology Department Vision Message Objectives Museum of Zoology Department The museum of Zoology department was established in Shawwal 1390 H (1970) with a few samples of birds and some young mammals. The number of specimens in the museum increased

More information

The Cretaceous Period

The Cretaceous Period The Cretaceous Period By Doug and Claudia Mann Illustrated by David Cobb Copyright 2007 www.fossils-facts-and-finds.com Mesozoic Era Triassic Jurassic Cretaceous The Cretaceous Period: Flowers Bloom For

More information

Planet of Life: Creatures of the Skies & When Dinosaurs Ruled: Teacher s Guide

Planet of Life: Creatures of the Skies & When Dinosaurs Ruled: Teacher s Guide Planet of Life: Creatures of the Skies & When Dinosaurs Ruled: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Earth Science Lesson Duration: Three class periods Program Description Ancient creatures

More information

Questions The word species in the first sentence is closest in meaning to A. mates. B. varieties. C. killers. D. enemies.

Questions The word species in the first sentence is closest in meaning to A. mates. B. varieties. C. killers. D. enemies. Questions 1-11 Bees, classified into over 10,000 species, are insects found in almost every part of the world except the northernmost and southernmost regions. One commonly known species is the honeybee,

More information

Question Set 1: Animal EVOLUTIONARY BIODIVERSITY

Question Set 1: Animal EVOLUTIONARY BIODIVERSITY Biology 162 LAB EXAM 2, AM Version Thursday 24 April 2003 page 1 Question Set 1: Animal EVOLUTIONARY BIODIVERSITY (a). We have mentioned several times in class that the concepts of Developed and Evolved

More information

Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Presented by BIOBUGS: Biology Inquiry and Outreach with Boston University Graduate Students In association with LERNet and The BU Biology Teaching Laboratory Designed and

More information

310 million years ago reptiles were the first vertebrates to make the complete transition to life on land

310 million years ago reptiles were the first vertebrates to make the complete transition to life on land Reptiles 310 million years ago reptiles were the first vertebrates to make the complete transition to life on land an increase in competition for food and space among all the life-forms in aquatic environments

More information

Biology Lesson 12: From Fishes to Birds

Biology Lesson 12: From Fishes to Birds Biology Lesson 12: From Fishes to Birds This stunning bird is a peacock. Do you know why he is spreading out his big, colorful tail feathers like a fan? He is trying to attract a female for mating. Both

More information

November Creation. Teaching Aids Needed:

November Creation. Teaching Aids Needed: Creation Learn what God made on day 4. Day 4 Then God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days,

More information

a type of honey. a nest. a type of bee. a storage space.

a type of honey. a nest. a type of bee. a storage space. Practice Test 1 Passage 3 Bees, classified into over 10,000 species, are insects found in almost every part of the world except the northernmost and southernmost regions. One commonly known species is

More information

The King of the Arctic

The King of the Arctic Directions: Read the passage below and answer the question(s) that follow. The King of the Arctic Did you know that a polar bear cub weighs 1 1/2 pounds at birth? Adult male polar bears can weigh up to

More information

Animal Study: Adelaide Zoo

Animal Study: Adelaide Zoo Animal Study: Adelaide Zoo Name: Animal: 16 1 Is this animal a social animal? Give reasons for your answer. Reflect on what you have learned about the animal you studied. If you were designing an enclosure

More information

All about snakes. What are snakes? Are snakes just lizards without legs? If you want to know more

All about snakes. What are snakes? Are snakes just lizards without legs? If you want to know more Novak.lisa@gmail.com Day 83 12/29/2017 All about snakes What are snakes? Are snakes just lizards without legs? If you want to know more keep reading to find out the answers to the question. The purpose

More information

GRADE 6 SCIENCE REVISION

GRADE 6 SCIENCE REVISION Multiple choice questions Circulation 1. What does your heart do? It pumps air around your body It pumps blood around your body It pumps blood to just your muscles 2. Which of these would make your heart

More information

Inferring SKILLS INTRODUCTION

Inferring SKILLS INTRODUCTION SKILLS INTRODUCTION Inferring Have you ever come home, smelled fish cooking, and thought, We re having fish for dinner? You made an observation using your sense of smell and used past experience to conclude

More information

Field Lesson: Reptiles and Amphibians

Field Lesson: Reptiles and Amphibians Field Lesson: Reptiles and Amphibians State Core Standards 5.2 Interaction and Change: Force, energy, matter, and organisms interact within living and non-living systems Content Standards 5.2L.1 Explain

More information

Which is the smallest bird? Which one is the largest? Why do birds migrate? What are vertebrates? What do birds use their beaks for?

Which is the smallest bird? Which one is the largest? Why do birds migrate? What are vertebrates? What do birds use their beaks for? QU! hich is the smallest bird? hich one is the largest? hy do birds migrate? hat are vertebrates? hat do birds use their beaks for? hy do birds have light skeletons? hat is so special about their bones?

More information

Chordates -> Vertebrates. From basal Deuterostomes

Chordates -> Vertebrates. From basal Deuterostomes Chordates -> Vertebrates From basal Deuterostomes Outline Origins of Deuterostomes & Chordates Characteristics of Deuterostomes & Chordates Themes in Chordate evolution? Vertebrate adaptations? How are

More information

MYSTERY OF THE SICKLE CLAW DINOSAUR

MYSTERY OF THE SICKLE CLAW DINOSAUR MYSTERY OF THE SICKLE CLAW DINOSAUR Narrator (Davina) Hello boys and girls. My name is Davina, and I'm a paleontologist. Do you know what a paleontologist does? (Solicit answers). That s right!! I study

More information

Examining Bird Adaptations

Examining Bird Adaptations Biology I Unit V: Zoology Chapter 25-28 & DOL: Vertebrates Examining Bird Adaptations Lab Name: Date: Hour: Examining Bird Adaptations Pre-Lab Discussion There are many different types of birds. Each type

More information

Sample of Cover and Selected Pages

Sample of Cover and Selected Pages Sample of Cover and Selected Pages The following sample material is for preview purposes only. (Scroll down to see additional pages.) School and district personnel may save or download this PDF to one

More information

Exercise 4: Animal Adaptations

Exercise 4: Animal Adaptations Exercise 4: Animal Adaptations Introduction There are approximately 1.5 million species of organisms that have been described and named today. But, some scientists estimate that we may have as many as

More information

HOW DID DINOSAURS REGULATE THEIR BODY TEMPERATURES?

HOW DID DINOSAURS REGULATE THEIR BODY TEMPERATURES? HOW DID DINOSAURS REGULATE THEIR BODY TEMPERATURES? INTRODUCTION: THERMOREGULATION IN LIVING ANIMALS This activity explores thermoregulation in living and extinct animals, including dinosaurs. The activity

More information

Phylum Echinodermata. Biology 11

Phylum Echinodermata. Biology 11 Phylum Echinodermata Biology 11 General characteristics Spiny Radial symmetry Water vascular system Endoskeleton Endoskeleton Hard, spiny, or bumpy endoskeleton covered with a thin epidermis. Endoskeleton

More information

Evolution as Fact. The figure below shows transitional fossils in the whale lineage.

Evolution as Fact. The figure below shows transitional fossils in the whale lineage. Evolution as Fact Evolution is a fact. Organisms descend from others with modification. Phylogeny, the lineage of ancestors and descendants, is the scientific term to Darwin's phrase "descent with modification."

More information

Birds Birds are vertebrates (animals with backbones) with wings and feathers. Most birds can fly, using powerful muscles to flap their wings.

Birds Birds are vertebrates (animals with backbones) with wings and feathers. Most birds can fly, using powerful muscles to flap their wings. Birds Birds are vertebrates (animals with backbones) with wings and feathers. Most birds can fly, using powerful muscles to flap their wings. But a few bird speces do not have strong enough wings to fly,

More information

Shades of Meaning. 12 Grade 5, Unit 2

Shades of Meaning. 12 Grade 5, Unit 2 l e v e l e d p r a c t i c e S R 1 0. 1 Read each set of words. Then circle the word that best describes a louder sound. You may use a dictionary to help you. Vocabulary Strategies: 1. whisper say 2.

More information

Pre-lab Homework Lab 9: Food Webs in the Wild

Pre-lab Homework Lab 9: Food Webs in the Wild Lab Section: Name: Pre-lab Homework Put your field hat on and complete the questions below before coming to lab! As always, it is expected that you have supplemented your understanding by reading about

More information

Science Class 4 Topic: Habitats Reinforcement Worksheet. Name: Sec: Date:

Science Class 4 Topic: Habitats Reinforcement Worksheet. Name: Sec: Date: Science Class 4 Topic: Habitats Reinforcement Worksheet Name: Sec: Date: Q.1 Choose the correct answer. 1. Which of these things are you NOT likely to find in a park or a garden? A. An earthworm B. An

More information

Station 1. Echolocation

Station 1. Echolocation Echolocation Station 1 A lot of animals use echolocation to both navigate and hunt. They send out high-frequency sounds and use the returning echoes to form images of our environment. As if by singing,

More information

Animals of Maryland. By Mrs. Clubbs Kindergarten Class March 2013

Animals of Maryland. By Mrs. Clubbs Kindergarten Class March 2013 Animals of Maryland By Mrs. Clubbs Kindergarten Class March 2013 Our class made an informational book about animals that live in Maryland. In science, we studied mealworms and learned about how the external

More information

30-3 Amphibians Slide 1 of 47

30-3 Amphibians Slide 1 of 47 1 of 47 What Is an Amphibian? What Is an Amphibian? An amphibian is a vertebrate that, with some exceptions: lives in water as a larva and on land as an adult breathes with lungs as an adult has moist

More information

Animal Adaptations a mini project. - design an imaginary animal to survive in a specific imaginary habitat -

Animal Adaptations a mini project. - design an imaginary animal to survive in a specific imaginary habitat - Animal Adaptations a mini project - design an imaginary animal to survive in a specific imaginary habitat - Contents Vocabulary/definition list List of adaptation categories and examples of real animals

More information

Feathered, But Not Ready for Takeoff

Feathered, But Not Ready for Takeoff Name: Feathered, But Not Ready for Takeoff by Guy Belleranti When you hear the word bird I bet one of the first things you think of is flying. But did you know there are almost 40 different birds that

More information

Examples of herbivorous animals: rabbits, deer and beaver

Examples of herbivorous animals: rabbits, deer and beaver Mammal Adaptations Mammals are a group of animals that fit together because they all 1)have fur or hair 2) bear live young 3) feed their young with milk from specialized mammary glands. We are going to

More information

Life of Mesozoic. Recall: Permian end extinction. Gone are the: 90% of marine fauna extinct

Life of Mesozoic. Recall: Permian end extinction. Gone are the: 90% of marine fauna extinct Life of Mesozoic Marine life in Mesozoic (except reptiles) are modern marine fauna Recall: Permian end extinction 90% of marine fauna extinct Gone are the: Colonies of crinoids, blastoids, horn corals,

More information

An Ancient Reptile by Guy Belleranti

An Ancient Reptile by Guy Belleranti What are their homes like? Tuatara live in underground burrows. Usually they don't dig their burrows, but instead live in burrows made by nesting sea birds. The two might even live in the burrow at the

More information

It s All About Birds! Grade 7 Language Arts

It s All About Birds! Grade 7 Language Arts It s All About Birds! Grade 7 Language Arts I. Introduction to Birds Standard 1:1 Words in Context Verify the meaning of a word in its context, even when its meaning is not directly stated, through the

More information

Who has got my ears? Animal Elephant Mouse Dog. Ear. Ear. Giraffe

Who has got my ears? Animal Elephant Mouse Dog. Ear. Ear. Giraffe Who has got my ears? Are these animals looking funny? The artist has drawn wrong ears on the heads of the animals. Give correct ears to the animals in the space given below. Animal Ear Animal Elephant

More information

Exceptions: Somebody liked snakes. Some people disliked dogs, geese, sharks

Exceptions: Somebody liked snakes. Some people disliked dogs, geese, sharks Unit 1: ANIMALS Exceptions: Somebody liked snakes Some people disliked dogs, geese, sharks Both animals are fascinating & worthy of our interest ANIMAL NAMES Taxonomy is a branch of biology that categorizes

More information

Dinosaurs and Dinosaur National Monument

Dinosaurs and Dinosaur National Monument Page 1 of 6 Dinosaurs and Dinosaur National Monument The Douglass Quarry History of Earl's Excavation... Geology of the Quarry Rock Formations and Ages... Dinosaur National Monument protects a large deposit

More information

Teaching Activity Guide. Animal Eyes. Animal Mouths. Animal Legs. Animal Tails. Animal Ears

Teaching Activity Guide. Animal Eyes. Animal Mouths. Animal Legs. Animal Tails. Animal Ears Teaching Activity Guide Animal Eyes Animal Mouths Animal Legs Animal Tails Animal Ears Table of Contents 3 How to Use This Activity Guide (General) 4 What Do Children Already Know? 5 Pre-Reading Questions

More information

COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO UNDERSTAND EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS WITH BLAST

COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO UNDERSTAND EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS WITH BLAST Big Idea 1 Evolution INVESTIGATION 3 COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO UNDERSTAND EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS WITH BLAST How can bioinformatics be used as a tool to determine evolutionary relationships and to

More information

Turtles. The tortoise is a land dwelling animal. The turtle lives in the water. Both of them have a shell they carry with them.

Turtles. The tortoise is a land dwelling animal. The turtle lives in the water. Both of them have a shell they carry with them. Turtles 1 an you imagine carrying your house around on your back? That is what the turtle does. Unlike you or me, turtles carry their homes with them everywhere. scared turtle pulls its arms and legs,

More information

READING: Scientists are Making Dinosaurs!

READING: Scientists are Making Dinosaurs! N A M E : READING: Scientists are Making Dinosaurs! Vocabulary Preview Match the words on the left with the meanings on the right. 1. DNA A. at the same time 2. ordinary B. not unusual or special 3. similar

More information

Unit 7: Adaptation STUDY GUIDE Name: SCORE:

Unit 7: Adaptation STUDY GUIDE Name: SCORE: Unit 7: Adaptation STUDY GUIDE Name: SCORE: 1. Which is an adaptation that makes it possible for the animal to survive in a cold climate? A. tail on a lizard B. scales on a fish C. stripes on a tiger D.

More information

Origin and Evolution of Birds. Read: Chapters 1-3 in Gill but limited review of systematics

Origin and Evolution of Birds. Read: Chapters 1-3 in Gill but limited review of systematics Origin and Evolution of Birds Read: Chapters 1-3 in Gill but limited review of systematics Review of Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Aves Characteristics: wings,

More information

What is a dinosaur? Reading Practice

What is a dinosaur? Reading Practice Reading Practice What is a dinosaur? A. Although the name dinosaur is derived from the Greek for "terrible lizard", dinosaurs were not, in fact, lizards at all. Like lizards, dinosaurs are included in

More information

Module 2.4: Small Mammals Interpreting with Chinchillas

Module 2.4: Small Mammals Interpreting with Chinchillas Module 2.4: Small Mammals Interpreting with Chinchillas Interpreting with Chinchillas: The theme of your conversations may differ from group to group depending on the program, and the age of your audience.

More information

LESSON-7 NEST OF BIRDS Subject :- EVS

LESSON-7 NEST OF BIRDS Subject :- EVS LESSON-7 NEST OF BIRDS Subject :- EVS I. FILL IN THE BLANKS: 1. Birds build their nests during spring season. 2. Birds like fowls and partridges build shallow nest on the ground. 3. The cradle like nest

More information

CHARACTERISTICS OF AMPHIBIANS

CHARACTERISTICS OF AMPHIBIANS AMPHIBIAN NOTES "Amphibian" comes from the Greek meaning "both life". Amphibians can live on water and on land. Scientist infer that amphibians evolved from lobe-finned fishes called crossopterygians.

More information

2018 HERPETOLOGY (B/C) TRAINING HANDOUT By Karen L. Lancour National Committee Chairman Life Science

2018 HERPETOLOGY (B/C) TRAINING HANDOUT By Karen L. Lancour National Committee Chairman Life Science 2018 HERPETOLOGY (B/C) TRAINING HANDOUT By Karen L. Lancour National Committee Chairman Life Science Overview: This event will test knowledge of amphibians & reptiles. The Official National Herpetology

More information

PORTRAIT OF THE AMERICAN BALD EAGLE

PORTRAIT OF THE AMERICAN BALD EAGLE PORTRAIT OF THE AMERICAN BALD EAGLE Objectives: To know the history of the bald eagle and the cause of it's decline. To understand what has been done to improve Bald Eagle habitat. To know the characteristics

More information

First Facts Dinosaurs

First Facts Dinosaurs Dinosaurs by Rebecca Johnson Combine the teaching of science and maths content with literacy through these books and activity sheets. The eight books in the series are supported by two photocopiable worksheets

More information

Scavenger Hunt. Teacher Answer Key (Forms A & B)

Scavenger Hunt. Teacher Answer Key (Forms A & B) Scavenger Hunt Teacher Answer Key (Forms A & B) Instructions: The answer to all the questions in this scavenger hunt can be found on signs around the zoo. Encourage the students to explore the zoo to find

More information

Expanded noun phrases and verbs to describe an underwater world

Expanded noun phrases and verbs to describe an underwater world Expanded noun phrases and verbs to describe an underwater world Object/ creature Expanded noun phrase Verb (action) Seaweed Tall, towering seaweed. Stand still. Sock fish Hat turtles T shirt octopus Water

More information