The Relationship Between Dinosaurs and Birds By: Harry Layne 3/23/12 Mr. Goldfarb s Class

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Relationship Between Dinosaurs and Birds By: Harry Layne 3/23/12 Mr. Goldfarb s Class"

Transcription

1 The Relationship Between Dinosaurs and Birds By: Harry Layne 3/23/12 Mr. Goldfarb s Class

2 Introduction Everybody rode their hovercrafts to the workshop on April 17 th, 2037, and sat in the showroom. The curtains on stage got pulled back, and the inventor walked out, pushing an odd machine. He said into the microphone I would like to name this machine the Holographic Three Dimensional Pre-Historic Habitat Study Projector or the H3DPHHSP for short. Everyone laughed. Archaeologists, such as Me, Myself, and I, the inventor said as the crowd laughed again. Will be able to study the behavior of ancient birds and their ancestors. Using this machine, we will discover the mysterious secrets of the bird dinosaur relationship once and for all! The crowd cheered, and the inventor turned the machine on, and the room went 65 million years into the past. People from the Press were typing franticly on portable supercomputers and taking videos on UVTDHQ cameras. Many people are itching to learn the truth Pangaea is what archaeologists called the world in the dinosaur age about this mysterious relationship. Dinosaurs and Birds are really quite similar. Back to the Prehistoric Times Relationships How did this Birds and dinosaurs may seem completely different, but they are actually quite similar. They have more than 100 features in common! They both have clawed feet, hollow bones, possibly feathers, a synsacrum, a pygostyle, 3 to 5 claws, a breastbone, and a wishbone. There are 2 different types of dinosaur hips. Saurischian and Ornithiscian. become this?

3 Theropods Theropods are small, carnivorous dinosaurs that may have had feathers. Some dinosaurs that make up this group are the T-Rex and Velociraptor. The Archaeopteryx, as well as any other bird, is very closely related to this dinosaur group, the Compsagnathus to be exact. In a way, you could consider birds flying Theropods. That s how closely they re related. There is a dinosaur group called Ornithomimidae, which means bird mimic. This is what an Allosaurus may have looked like. Is it a Theropod? This is what a styracosaurus may have looked like. Is it a Theropod? The Pre-Historic Environment The earliest vertebrates lived in water. They later evolved legs and began their journey to land 370 million years ago. They lived just like amphibians. The world back then was very different from the world today. Forests were filled with Cycads, Conifers, Giant Ferns, and strange plants called Williamsonias, leaving little space for the few mammals that lived there. The forests were also filled by dinosaurs (possibly feathered), lizards, birds (such as Archaeopteryx), reptiles, and Jeholodens. Jeholodens are small mammals, about the size of a rat. All these creatures lived in the Mezoic Era, with the dinosaurs, pterosaurs, and early birds. The Earliest Birds Archaeopteryx This is what the Archaeopteryx may have looked like in full color Being exceptionally large, it is 9 feet long and 2 feet high. Its wings are much like dinosaur arms, and it had long legs for running, because it couldn t fly because of its primitive wings. It could only take short glides. Its wings were clawed. Although it This is what an Archaeopteryx fossil looks like

4 had feathers, it had a reptilian tail, and its beak is full of teeth, unlike modern birds. It lived in the. Some say it s a bird, some say it s a dinosaur, making it all the more obvious that the Archaeopteryx is one of the most important archaeological discoveries of all time. The first fossil of the Archaeopteryx was found in 1861, and by studying its joints and bones, archeologists can tell that it either lived in trees or on the ground. The Archaeopteryx was probably a scavenger, meaning it didn t kill for food. It merely searched the land for dead meat or other things that were edible. The Archaeopteryx was also the first bird, though later came another. It was called the Rahonavis. Rahonavis This is what the Rahonavis may have looked like The Rahonavis was an ancient bird that held much evidence about this mysterious relationship. The Rahonavis had a sickle claw, much like some dinosaurs, such as the Velociraptor. The Rahonavis was discovered by Cathy Forster and Dave Krause in a quarry in Madagascar. Just like the Archaeopteryx, the Rahonavis was a primitive bird. Pterosaurs This is what a Rahonavis fossil looks like General Information Dinosaurs roamed the land. Giant Sea Reptiles claimed the sea. Pterosaurs ruled the skies. The Pterosaurs came to be at about the same time as the dinosaurs, and died out with them too. The Pterosaurs were discovered by Mary Anning, a famous archeologist. The Pterosaurs were skilled aviators. Archeologists think that to begin flight, they either got a running start, they launched out of trees, or they just began flying, much like a butterfly. This it what a Pterosaur may have looked like. This is what a Pterosaur fossil looks like.

5 Instead of wings, Pterosaurs use thin membranes to fly. Pterosaurs also have a wrist that can rotate in several angles Pterosaurs have an extremely long 4 th finger in which they use to hold the membrane in place. When the Pterosaurs flex their chest, the chest muscles pull the fore limbs up and down in a flapping motion. Pterosaurs also have tiny horn-like fibers scattered all over the wing membranes. These let the Pterosaurs flex the membrane in just a way that they make an umbrella shape so there s a greater air pressure underneath the membrane than above. This let the Pterosaur soar. Also, if they soar in a circle on Pterosaurs have a structure much like a bat The Draco Lizard was also a flying reptile. It uses the flaps of skin on its sides to glide. You can tell it s a boy, because it has bright yellow skin under their chins. Girls have a blue-gray color under their chin hot air or a rising air current, it lets them rise without flapping their wings or tiring them as much. This lets them fly longer. Larger Pterosaurs benefit from this technique. Pterosaurs had hollow bones. This made them much lighter for much easier flight. Some Pterosaurs may have hung upside down, much like a bat, though some Pterosaurs may have found this physically impossible, such as the long-tailed species. Their tails would have gotten in the way. But, the shorttailed species could benefit from this ability. For example, they could have enveloped themselves with their wings for warmth, or for other reasons. Different types of Pterosaurs eat either fish or insects. Pterosaurs that ate fish probably began to fly quickly, then drop near the water and skim the surface of the water. Some may have even used their tail as a rudder. Fish eating Pterosaurs also have rows of long, slender, sharp teeth on both jaws. Some archaeologists even find perfectly preserved stomach contents. Pterosaurs that caught insects had short, blunt teeth to mash up food. They caught their bugs as an in-flight snack. They also had small heads and wide mouths. Pterosaurs could fly, but they weren t birds. They were reptiles.

6 Groups of Pterosaurs may have formed Hatching Colonies, as they might be called. In a hatching colony, 1 or 2 adult Pterosaurs would stay and guard all the babies and Pterosaur eggs, while the other Pterosaurs hunted for food, sometimes bringing it back half digested so it could be easily eaten. This shows that Pterosaurs were probably very intelligent parents. Pterosaurs had many options to make nests. They may have scraped together earth with their long-clawed feet or they may have fashioned fallen foliage into a hollow shape. Pterosaurs, like most birds, try to keep their eggs warm. Pterosaurs either sat on their eggs or placed them in a sunbeam for warmth. Pterosaurs are coldblooded, so they warm up more easily. Once that egg hatches, one parent hunts for the whole family while the other stays to guard the baby. Pterosaurs even have a feeding pouch in their lower jaw. This lets the Pterosaur catch the food then easily bring it back to the nest. Pterosaurs were the largest creatures ever to fly, and acted much like an eagle or vulture. Their size can range from that of a sparrow to the size of a small fighter jet. There are more than 100 known species of Pterosaurs. They have 3 clawed fingers on the edge of their wings. Because there are so many different species of Pterosaurs, archaeologists broke down Pterosaurs into 2 groups: Basal Pterosauria, and Pterodactyloids. Basal Pterosauria The Basal Pterosauria used to be called Rhamphorhynchoids, but were later named Basal Pterosauria, stating they were the original type. They lived between 225 million years ago and 125 million years ago. Basal Pterosauria had long heads and short necks. Their tails were shaped much like sails, and were probably used as a rudder for flight stabability. Their size ranged from that of a robin to that of large seagull. They had large narrow wings and slender tails. There are about 2 dozen known species of Basal Pterosauria. Their fossils have been found in Italy, Germany, England India, Kazakhstan, Tanzania, Mexico, the United States, and even Antarctica. Pterodactyloids Basal Pterosauria and Pterodactyloids co-existed for 30 million years, until Basal Pterosauria died out completely. Then later, the Pterodactyloids died out 65 million years ago, with the dinosaurs. Pterodactyloids were named after the Pterodactylus, the first of its kind. Pterodactyloids appeared 150 million years ago. They are the decedents of the Basal Pterosauria.

7 Pterodactyloids could be considered new and improved versions of the Basal Pterosauria. For example, they were probably better at flight maneuvering than their ancestors, and their heads were longer and narrower. They have extremely short tails, and their hand bones were larger. They don t have a 5 th toe. The Pterodactyloids were a diverse group with a wide variety of sizes. Big Pterodactyloids soar, while smaller species were adept to flying fast and stealthily, and quickly changing direction. Quetzalcoatlus The Quetzalcoatlus was approximately the size of a small fighter jet, and probably had a hard time steering, caused by it lack of a tail. Its wingspan was 39 feet, and it weighed about 190 lbs! The Quetzalcoatlus was discovered in1971 in Big Bend National Park by Douglas Lawson. The Quetzalcoatlus had a very rigid neck, and it had a hard time moving its jaws, and they were toothless. The Quetzalcoatlus had a huge, elongated crest. The Quetzalcoatlus was named after Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent god of the Aztecs. Conclusion As the machine projected a feathered dinosaur, a Compsagnathus, the machine locked into a zoom projection and sped up. Suddenly, the room went black. I am very sorry, all of you who gathered here today. It seems the H3DPHHSP has a bug. This mystery may not be solved today, but it shall be solved in the future! The crowd let out a mix of groans and cheers, happy that they at least got to see the holographic dinosaurs. This information makes me think that dinosaurs and birds are probably related, but we don t have proof. This tells me that, because we have no proof, the relationship between dinosaurs and birds remains a mystery remains a mystery for scientists to solve.

8 Glossary Amphibians-Animals that live on land part of their life and in the water part of their life Ancestors-Relatives that came before you Archaeological-Having to do with archaeology Archaeologists-People who study archaeology Benefit-Thrives because of something Elongated-Extra long Evolved-Transformed into Foliage-Trees, bushes, etc. Maneuvering-Moving quickly through many obstacles Membrane-A thin layer Ornithiscian-Bird-hipped Preserved-Kept safely Primitive-First kind Pygostyle-The few bottom vertebrae Saurischian-Lizard-hipped Several-Many Stabability-Balance Synsacrum-A skeletal structure Technique-Strategy Vertebrates-Animals with vertebrae

9 Works Cited Arnold, Caroline. Pterosaurs Rulers of the Skies in the Dinosaur Age. New York: Clarion Books, 2004 Holmes, Thom and Holmes, Laurie. Feathered Dinosaurs The Origin of Birds. Berkeley Heights, New Jersey: Enslow Publishers, 2002 Rupert, Oliver. Archaeopteryx. Vero Beach, Florida: Rourke Enterprises Inc, 1984 Stevens, Gareth. True Life Monsters of the Prehistoric Skies. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Gareth Stevens Publishing, 1999 Bishop, Nic. Digging for Bird Dinosaurs An Expedition to Madagascar. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000 The Franklin Institute. Giant Mysterious Dinosaurs Exhibit and Flying Monsters IMAX. Philadelphia PA Pictures Work Cited Bird Pictures And Draco Lizard

Ceri Pennington VELOCIRAPTOR

Ceri Pennington VELOCIRAPTOR Ceri Pennington VELOCIRAPTOR The Velociraptor - meaning swift seizer - lived during the late Cretaceous period - 75-71 million years ago. They were a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur and there

More information

Dinosaurs and Dinosaur National Monument

Dinosaurs and Dinosaur National Monument Page 1 of 6 Dinosaurs and Dinosaur National Monument The Douglass Quarry History of Earl's Excavation... Geology of the Quarry Rock Formations and Ages... Dinosaur National Monument protects a large deposit

More information

Carnivore An animal that feeds chiefly on the flesh of other animals.

Carnivore An animal that feeds chiefly on the flesh of other animals. Name: School: Date: Bipedalism A form of terrestrial locomotion where an organism moves by means of its two rear limbs, or legs. An animal that usually moves in a bipedal manner is known as a biped, meaning

More information

Activity Three: The Mystery Fossil Bones Activity

Activity Three: The Mystery Fossil Bones Activity Activity Three: The Mystery Fossil Bones Activity This was one of my favorites. I often used this as a culminating activity for my Geo. History Unit. Students from 9th - 12th loved it. And I m sure middle

More information

The Cretaceous Period

The Cretaceous Period The Cretaceous Period By Doug and Claudia Mann Illustrated by David Cobb Copyright 2007 www.fossils-facts-and-finds.com Mesozoic Era Triassic Jurassic Cretaceous The Cretaceous Period: Flowers Bloom For

More information

Identifying Plant and Animal Adaptations Answer Key

Identifying Plant and Animal Adaptations Answer Key Identifying Plant and Animal Adaptations Answer Key Instructions: Review the provided photos on the ipad. Try to identify as many adaptations for each plant or animal and determine how each adaptation

More information

Piecing Together the Story of Dinosaurs from Fossils By Readworks

Piecing Together the Story of Dinosaurs from Fossils By Readworks Name: Homework November Week 5 Red/Orange/Yellow/Green Section 1 Directions: Read and annotate the text. 1. Highlight at least 5 words you don t know the meaning of and write the definition in the margin.

More information

When Dinosaurs Ruled the Earth

When Dinosaurs Ruled the Earth Buffalo Geosciences Program: Lesson Plan #2 When Dinosaurs Ruled the Earth Objectives: By the end of the program, the participants should be able to understand the earth and its creatures during the Triassic,

More information

MYSTERY OF THE SICKLE CLAW DINOSAUR

MYSTERY OF THE SICKLE CLAW DINOSAUR MYSTERY OF THE SICKLE CLAW DINOSAUR Narrator (Davina) Hello boys and girls. My name is Davina, and I'm a paleontologist. Do you know what a paleontologist does? (Solicit answers). That s right!! I study

More information

Evolution as Fact. The figure below shows transitional fossils in the whale lineage.

Evolution as Fact. The figure below shows transitional fossils in the whale lineage. Evolution as Fact Evolution is a fact. Organisms descend from others with modification. Phylogeny, the lineage of ancestors and descendants, is the scientific term to Darwin's phrase "descent with modification."

More information

L E T 'S L E T 'S L O O K L E T 'S L O O K LOOK

L E T 'S L E T 'S L O O K L E T 'S L O O K LOOK L E T 'S L O O K Roar! Roar! L E T 'S L O O K Dinosaurs DK Publishing, Inc. Dinosaur bones Dinosaurs lived long ago before there were people. Scientists look at their bones to learn about them. tail leg

More information

Tuesday, December 6, 11. Mesozoic Life

Tuesday, December 6, 11. Mesozoic Life Mesozoic Life Review of Paleozoic Transgression/regressions and Mountain building events during the paleoozoic act as driving force of evolution. regression of seas and continental uplift create variety

More information

Shedding Light on the Dinosaur-Bird Connection

Shedding Light on the Dinosaur-Bird Connection Shedding Light on the Dinosaur-Bird Connection This text is provided courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History. When people think of dinosaurs, two types generally come to mind: the huge herbivores

More information

Name: GEOL 104 Dinosaurs: A Natural History Video Assignment. DUE: Wed. Oct. 20

Name: GEOL 104 Dinosaurs: A Natural History Video Assignment. DUE: Wed. Oct. 20 GEOL 104 Dinosaurs: A Natural History Video Assignment DUE: Wed. Oct. 20 Documentaries represent one of the main media by which scientific information reaches the general public. For this assignment, you

More information

The Evolution of Birds & the Origin of Flight

The Evolution of Birds & the Origin of Flight The Evolution of Birds & the Origin of Flight Archaeopteryx Solnhofen quarry Oldest known bird, but not ancestral to modern birds Inhabited coastal habitats where it probably glided between conifers, cycads,

More information

BIRDS AND FLIGHT. 1

BIRDS AND FLIGHT.  1 BIRDS AND FLIGHT www.beaconmedia.com.au 1 Birds and Flight About birds All birds have wings, although not all birds can fly. Kiwis, penguins, emus and ostriches are birds which have wings but do not fly.

More information

Origin and Evolution of Birds. Read: Chapters 1-3 in Gill but limited review of systematics

Origin and Evolution of Birds. Read: Chapters 1-3 in Gill but limited review of systematics Origin and Evolution of Birds Read: Chapters 1-3 in Gill but limited review of systematics Review of Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Aves Characteristics: wings,

More information

Unit 7: Adaptation STUDY GUIDE Name: SCORE:

Unit 7: Adaptation STUDY GUIDE Name: SCORE: Unit 7: Adaptation STUDY GUIDE Name: SCORE: 1. Which is an adaptation that makes it possible for the animal to survive in a cold climate? A. tail on a lizard B. scales on a fish C. stripes on a tiger D.

More information

Non-fiction: Sea Monsters. A new wave of fossils reveals the oceans prehistoric giants.

Non-fiction: Sea Monsters. A new wave of fossils reveals the oceans prehistoric giants. Sea Monsters By Stephen Fraser A new wave of fossils reveals the oceans prehistoric giants. Way back when Tyrannosaurus rex shook the ground, another giant reptile lurked in the prehistoric oceans. A 50-foot

More information

DINOSAURS. Facts for Students. Introduction to the early world. Types of dinosaurs.

DINOSAURS. Facts for Students. Introduction to the early world. Types of dinosaurs. Facts for Students Dinosaurs are thought to have roamed the Earth for 150 million years, only to be wiped out in the Cretaceous period (146-65 million years ago). Today, fossils, bones and footprints from

More information

! Three things needed to survive on land were: ! 1. Have lungs and breathe air. ! 2. Have a body resistant to drying out.

! Three things needed to survive on land were: ! 1. Have lungs and breathe air. ! 2. Have a body resistant to drying out. Marine Reptiles, Birds and Mammals Vertebrates! Invaded the land and are descendants from the bony fish and were able to withstand the conditions on the land.! They evolved two sets of limbs (even snakes)

More information

Feathered, But Not Ready for Takeoff

Feathered, But Not Ready for Takeoff Name: Feathered, But Not Ready for Takeoff by Guy Belleranti When you hear the word bird I bet one of the first things you think of is flying. But did you know there are almost 40 different birds that

More information

An Ancient Reptile by Guy Belleranti

An Ancient Reptile by Guy Belleranti What are their homes like? Tuatara live in underground burrows. Usually they don't dig their burrows, but instead live in burrows made by nesting sea birds. The two might even live in the burrow at the

More information

Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles

Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles Section 1: What is a Vertebrate? Characteristics of CHORDATES Most are Vertebrates (have a spinal cord) Some point in life cycle all chordates have: Notochord Nerve cord that

More information

SCIENCE TRAIL SCIENCE TRAIL HI I AM FACTOSAURUS

SCIENCE TRAIL SCIENCE TRAIL HI I AM FACTOSAURUS When is a dinosaur not a dinosaur? What are fossils and how do they form? Why did dinosaurs become extinct? Follow the trail to find out. Learn about the Gorgosaurus. Meet some of her relatives and see

More information

INSTRUCTIONS BOOK Follow these steps to construct your Owl Minibook.

INSTRUCTIONS BOOK Follow these steps to construct your Owl Minibook. LEFT LEFT C LEFT LEFT RIGHT INSTRUCTIONS COVER BOOK Follow these steps to construct your Owl Minibook. 2. 3. 1. Print this file. 2. Cut along the dotted lines around the pages. Do not cut out the shape

More information

Planet of Life: Creatures of the Skies & When Dinosaurs Ruled: Teacher s Guide

Planet of Life: Creatures of the Skies & When Dinosaurs Ruled: Teacher s Guide Planet of Life: Creatures of the Skies & When Dinosaurs Ruled: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Earth Science Lesson Duration: Three class periods Program Description Ancient creatures

More information

The Flying Dinosaurs : The Illustrated Guide To The Evolution Of Flight / Philip J. Currie ; Illustrations By Jan Sovak By Philip J - Related Name:

The Flying Dinosaurs : The Illustrated Guide To The Evolution Of Flight / Philip J. Currie ; Illustrations By Jan Sovak By Philip J - Related Name: The Flying Dinosaurs : The Illustrated Guide To The Evolution Of Flight / Philip J. Currie ; Illustrations By Jan Sovak By Philip J - Related Name: Sovak, Jan (1953-?) Currie If searching for a book The

More information

Bald Eagles in the Yukon. Wildlife in our backyard

Bald Eagles in the Yukon. Wildlife in our backyard Bald Eagles in the Yukon Wildlife in our backyard The Bald Eagle at a glance Both male and female adult Bald Eagles have a dark brown body and wings with a white head, neck and tail. They have a yellow

More information

Types of Legs Scientific Background

Types of Legs Scientific Background Types of Scientific Background Arthropod means jointed foot. All arthropod legs are covered with a hard exoskeleton and are jointed to allow for motion. Over millions of years, arthropods legs have become

More information

Birds. Endangered Birds A Reading A Z Level M Leveled Book Word Count: 545 LEVELED BOOK M.

Birds. Endangered Birds A Reading A Z Level M Leveled Book Word Count: 545 LEVELED BOOK M. Endangered Birds A Reading A Z Level M Leveled Book Word Count: 545 LEVELED BOOK M Endangered Title Birds Written by Rachel Lawson Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. www.readinga-z.com

More information

Week 19 KSE pp What are three characteristics of amphibians? (Amphibians are the smallest group of vertebrates. Amphibians are cold-blooded.

Week 19 KSE pp What are three characteristics of amphibians? (Amphibians are the smallest group of vertebrates. Amphibians are cold-blooded. Week 18 KSE pp. 78-79 1. What are the three types of fish and their main characteristics? (The three main types of fish are bony fish, cartilaginous fish and jawless fish. Cartilaginous fish have skeletons

More information

TUSKS! Exhibit Guide

TUSKS! Exhibit Guide TUSKS! Exhibit Guide Assembling the Guide The pages of this guide are meant to be glued or photocopied back to back in the following order: Page 32/1 (facing down) with Page 2/31 (facing up) Page 30/3

More information

Alligators. very long tail, and a head with very powerful jaws.

Alligators. very long tail, and a head with very powerful jaws. Reptiles Reptiles are one group of animals. There are two special features that make an animal a reptile. Those two features are bodies covered in scales and having a cold-blooded body. Adult reptiles

More information

Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Presented by BIOBUGS: Biology Inquiry and Outreach with Boston University Graduate Students In association with LERNet and The BU Biology Teaching Laboratory Designed and

More information

Where are Tropical Rainforests Found? 1. The Layers of the Rainforest 2. Critters of the Rainforest 2-3. Tortoises of the Rainforest 3

Where are Tropical Rainforests Found? 1. The Layers of the Rainforest 2. Critters of the Rainforest 2-3. Tortoises of the Rainforest 3 Fish Tales A T L A N T I C C I T Y A Q U A R I UM Atlantic City Aquarium 800 N. New Hampshire Avenue Atlantic City, NJ 08401 609-348-2880 www.acaquarium.com Totally Tropical Rainforest In our area of the

More information

Dogs of the World. By Camden Mumford

Dogs of the World. By Camden Mumford Dogs of the World By Camden Mumford Table of Contents K9 FAQS. Man s Best Friend 1 2 Surprising Senses 3 Dogs Got Jobs. 4 Dogs of History.. 6 Glossary... 8 K9 FAQs Dogs belong to the family Canis lupus

More information

All about snakes. What are snakes? Are snakes just lizards without legs? If you want to know more

All about snakes. What are snakes? Are snakes just lizards without legs? If you want to know more Novak.lisa@gmail.com Day 83 12/29/2017 All about snakes What are snakes? Are snakes just lizards without legs? If you want to know more keep reading to find out the answers to the question. The purpose

More information

a visitor, Idaville looked like an ordinary seaside town. It had churches, two car washes, and three movie theaters. It had

a visitor, Idaville looked like an ordinary seaside town. It had churches, two car washes, and three movie theaters. It had o a visitor, Idaville looked like an ordinary seaside town. It had churches, two car washes, and three movie theaters. It had bike paths, sparkling white beaches, a synagogue, and plenty of good fishing

More information

HOW DID DINOSAURS REGULATE THEIR BODY TEMPERATURES?

HOW DID DINOSAURS REGULATE THEIR BODY TEMPERATURES? HOW DID DINOSAURS REGULATE THEIR BODY TEMPERATURES? INTRODUCTION: THERMOREGULATION IN LIVING ANIMALS This activity explores thermoregulation in living and extinct animals, including dinosaurs. The activity

More information

Red-Tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis

Red-Tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis Red-Tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis This large, dark headed, broad-shouldered hawk is one of the most common and widespread hawks in North America. The Red-tailed hawk belongs to the genus (family) Buteo,

More information

Animal Adaptations a mini project. - design an imaginary animal to survive in a specific imaginary habitat -

Animal Adaptations a mini project. - design an imaginary animal to survive in a specific imaginary habitat - Animal Adaptations a mini project - design an imaginary animal to survive in a specific imaginary habitat - Contents Vocabulary/definition list List of adaptation categories and examples of real animals

More information

Introduction and methods will follow the same guidelines as for the draft

Introduction and methods will follow the same guidelines as for the draft Locomotion Paper Guidelines Entire paper will be 5-7 double spaced pages (12 pt font, Times New Roman, 1 inch margins) without figures (but I still want you to include them, they just don t count towards

More information

ì<(sk$m)=bdibjh< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=bdibjh< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Genre Comprehension Skill Text Features Science Content Nonfiction Draw Conclusions Captions Call Outs Labels Glossary Plants and Animals Scott Foresman Science 3.4 ì

More information

November Creation. Teaching Aids Needed:

November Creation. Teaching Aids Needed: Creation Learn what God made on day 4. Day 4 Then God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days,

More information

Great Transitions: The Origin of Birds IN-DEPTH FILM GUIDE

Great Transitions: The Origin of Birds IN-DEPTH FILM GUIDE IN-DEPTH FILM GUIDE DESCRIPTION In the short film (http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/greattransitions-origin-birds), we join University of Texas paleontologist Dr. Julia Clarke on a journey to uncover

More information

Which is the smallest bird? Which one is the largest? Why do birds migrate? What are vertebrates? What do birds use their beaks for?

Which is the smallest bird? Which one is the largest? Why do birds migrate? What are vertebrates? What do birds use their beaks for? QU! hich is the smallest bird? hich one is the largest? hy do birds migrate? hat are vertebrates? hat do birds use their beaks for? hy do birds have light skeletons? hat is so special about their bones?

More information

Use your Fact Files to circle the correct lion facts. Which food would the lion rather eat? About how many years does a lion live?

Use your Fact Files to circle the correct lion facts. Which food would the lion rather eat? About how many years does a lion live? Use your Fact Files to circle the correct lion facts. Which food would the lion rather eat? About how many years does a lion live? 25 50 1 16 GRADE ONE ZOO ANIMALS SCIENCE 001 Which lion would typically

More information

Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve

Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve Dear Third Grade Students, On your visit to the Plateau, we probably won t meet. I am nocturnal, which means I sleep all day long and come out at night. Since I m a male (or boy), when the sun starts to

More information

SEA TURTLE CHARACTERISTICS

SEA TURTLE CHARACTERISTICS SEA TURTLE CHARACTERISTICS There are 7 species of sea turtles swimming in the world s oceans. Sea turtles are omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and animals. Some of their favorite foods are jellyfish,

More information

Echidnas By Guy Belleranti

Echidnas By Guy Belleranti What mammal has spines like a hedgehog, a snout like an anteater, and lays leathery eggs like a reptile? The echidna or spiny anteater. Even though it looks like a cross between an anteater and a hedgehog,

More information

READING: Scientists are Making Dinosaurs!

READING: Scientists are Making Dinosaurs! N A M E : READING: Scientists are Making Dinosaurs! Vocabulary Preview Match the words on the left with the meanings on the right. 1. DNA A. at the same time 2. ordinary B. not unusual or special 3. similar

More information

Giant Plant-Eating Dinosaurs (Discovering Dinosaurs) [Library Binding]

Giant Plant-Eating Dinosaurs (Discovering Dinosaurs) [Library Binding] Giant Plant-Eating Dinosaurs (Discovering Dinosaurs) [Library Binding] If searched for a ebook Giant Plant-Eating Dinosaurs (Discovering Dinosaurs) [Library Binding] in pdf form, then you've come to faithful

More information

Exercise 4: Animal Adaptations

Exercise 4: Animal Adaptations Exercise 4: Animal Adaptations Introduction There are approximately 1.5 million species of organisms that have been described and named today. But, some scientists estimate that we may have as many as

More information

Birds Birds are vertebrates (animals with backbones) with wings and feathers. Most birds can fly, using powerful muscles to flap their wings.

Birds Birds are vertebrates (animals with backbones) with wings and feathers. Most birds can fly, using powerful muscles to flap their wings. Birds Birds are vertebrates (animals with backbones) with wings and feathers. Most birds can fly, using powerful muscles to flap their wings. But a few bird speces do not have strong enough wings to fly,

More information

KS3 Adaptation. KS3 Adaptation. Adaptation dominoes Trail

KS3 Adaptation. KS3 Adaptation. Adaptation dominoes Trail KS3 Adaptation KS3 Adaptation Adaptation dominoes Trail Adaptation Trail The Adaptation Trail is a journey of discovery through Marwell which allows students to develop and apply their knowledge and understanding

More information

Tetrapod Similarites The Origins of Birds

Tetrapod Similarites The Origins of Birds Tetrapod Similarites The Origins of Birds Birds Reptiles Mammals Integument Feathers, scales Scales Hair Digestive Horny bill Teeth Teeth Skeletal Fusion of bones Some fusion Some fusion Reduction in number

More information

3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UDI 2.- FAUNIA. ANIMALS-VERTEBRATES (7)

3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UDI 2.- FAUNIA. ANIMALS-VERTEBRATES (7) VERTEBRATES 3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UDI 2.- FAUNIA. ANIMALS-VERTEBRATES (7) Vertebrates are animals which have a backbone and an internal skeleton. The skeleton protects vital organs and supports the

More information

Dogs Developed from Wolves -- But How?

Dogs Developed from Wolves -- But How? Dogs Developed from Wolves -- But How? Where did dogs come from? Well, let s begin with what we know. All dogs in the world arose from a population of wolves about 10,000 years ago. And that fact poses

More information

Did you know that the male great horned owl is smaller than the female? The great horned owl lives in the desert with other animals like rattle snakes

Did you know that the male great horned owl is smaller than the female? The great horned owl lives in the desert with other animals like rattle snakes 2014 Animal Reports Did you know that the male great horned owl is smaller than the female? The great horned owl lives in the desert with other animals like rattle snakes,coyotes,hawks and wood chucks.

More information

Hatching Chicks in the Classroom

Hatching Chicks in the Classroom Hatching Chicks in the Classroom Table of contents Part 1: Preparing for Incubation Part 2: Egg Activity Part 3: During Incubation Part 4: Hatching Part 5: After Hatching Part 6: Chicks and Chickens Glossary

More information

PORTRAIT OF THE AMERICAN BALD EAGLE

PORTRAIT OF THE AMERICAN BALD EAGLE PORTRAIT OF THE AMERICAN BALD EAGLE Objectives: To know the history of the bald eagle and the cause of it's decline. To understand what has been done to improve Bald Eagle habitat. To know the characteristics

More information

Folder 1. Turtles. Folder 2

Folder 1. Turtles. Folder 2 Folder 1 Characteristics Of reptiles My K-W-L cards About Reptiles Good Point Turtle defense What they eat Life Cycle turtles Turtles Lizards Folder 2 My Reptile Report Snake Defense Crocodilia Testudines

More information

Illustrated by Peter Scott. Orpheus

Illustrated by Peter Scott. Orpheus I n s i d e s t o r y DINOSAURS Illustrated by Peter Scott Orpheus Contents 4-5 The dinosaurs 6-7 Carboniferous forest First published in 2012 by Orpheus Books Ltd., 6 Church Green, Witney, Oxfordshire,

More information

TV director and camera. head of costumes and props. mother. baby son. sounds, songs, cheers

TV director and camera. head of costumes and props. mother. baby son. sounds, songs, cheers On the Mayflower by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or

More information

r ALICE S ADVENTURES UNDERGROUND r

r ALICE S ADVENTURES UNDERGROUND r r ALICE S ADVENTURES UNDERGROUND r Being a facimile of the Original book afterwards developed into Alice s Adventure in Wonderland by LEWIS CARROLL WITH THIRTY-SEVEN ILLUSTRATIONS BY THE AUTHOR PRICE FOUR

More information

Chapter 16 Life of the Cenozoic

Chapter 16 Life of the Cenozoic Chapter 16 Life of the Cenozoic Cenozoic Era The Age of Mammals Cenozoic is sometimes called the "Age of Mammals." During Cenozoic, mammals came to dominate the Earth, much as reptiles had done during

More information

Inferring #1 This diagram shows the beak of several different species of birds. Make observations about the beaks and answer the questions.

Inferring #1 This diagram shows the beak of several different species of birds. Make observations about the beaks and answer the questions. Observing #1 1. Record a qualitative observation of the scene in the illustration. 2. Record a quantitative observation of the scene in the illustration. 3. Observation or inference? The house collapsed.

More information

It s All About Birds! Grade 7 Language Arts

It s All About Birds! Grade 7 Language Arts It s All About Birds! Grade 7 Language Arts I. Introduction to Birds Standard 1:1 Words in Context Verify the meaning of a word in its context, even when its meaning is not directly stated, through the

More information

Animal Study: Adelaide Zoo

Animal Study: Adelaide Zoo Animal Study: Adelaide Zoo Name: Animal: 16 1 Is this animal a social animal? Give reasons for your answer. Reflect on what you have learned about the animal you studied. If you were designing an enclosure

More information

NATIONAL SPORT SCHOOL ST CLARE COLLEGE

NATIONAL SPORT SCHOOL ST CLARE COLLEGE NATIONAL SPORT SCHOOL ST CLARE COLLEGE HALF-YEARLY EXAMINATION 2014/15 Mark Level 5 6 7 8 FORM 1 Integrated Science TIME: 1h 30min Question 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Max. Mark Mark Global Mark 10 10 12 12 8

More information

Expanded noun phrases and verbs to describe an underwater world

Expanded noun phrases and verbs to describe an underwater world Expanded noun phrases and verbs to describe an underwater world Object/ creature Expanded noun phrase Verb (action) Seaweed Tall, towering seaweed. Stand still. Sock fish Hat turtles T shirt octopus Water

More information

First Facts by Rebecca Johnson

First Facts by Rebecca Johnson First Facts by Rebecca Johnson Use these activity sheets to teach your science content in combination with literacy. There are two photocopiable worksheets to support each of the eight books in the series.

More information

Sea Turtles LEVELED BOOK R. Visit for thousands of books and materials.

Sea Turtles LEVELED BOOK R.  Visit  for thousands of books and materials. Sea Turtles A Reading A Z Level R Leveled Book Word Count: 1,564 LEVELED BOOK R Sea Turtles Written by Kira Freed Illustrations by Cende Hill Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials.

More information

Introduction to the Cheetah

Introduction to the Cheetah Lesson Plan 1 Introduction to the Cheetah CRITICAL OUTCOMES CO #1: Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking. CO #2: Work effectively with others as members of

More information

Great Horned Owls. Rob & Ann Simpson

Great Horned Owls. Rob & Ann Simpson Lesson 3 Great Horned Owl Great Horned Owls Hoo, hoo-oo, hoo, hoo! A great horned owl hoots in the night. Maybe it is hunting for a rabbit to eat. The great horned owl is one of the largest owls of North

More information

From Dinosaurs to Birds: Puzzles Unraveled while Evidence Building up

From Dinosaurs to Birds: Puzzles Unraveled while Evidence Building up From Dinosaurs to Birds: Puzzles Unraveled while Evidence Building up CHEN Pingfu 1 and SONG Jianlan 2 1 Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology 2 BCAS Staff Reporter Rejuvenation of

More information

Question Set 1: Animal EVOLUTIONARY BIODIVERSITY

Question Set 1: Animal EVOLUTIONARY BIODIVERSITY Biology 162 LAB EXAM 2, AM Version Thursday 24 April 2003 page 1 Question Set 1: Animal EVOLUTIONARY BIODIVERSITY (a). We have mentioned several times in class that the concepts of Developed and Evolved

More information

ì<(sk$m)=bdjdbg< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=bdjdbg< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Life Science Genre Comprehension Skill Text Features Science Content Nonfiction Cause and Effect Labels Captions Glossary Changing Ecosystems by Lillian Duggan Scott Foresman Science 5.6 ì

More information

Reptilian Requirements Created by the North Carolina Aquarium at Fort Fisher Education Section

Reptilian Requirements Created by the North Carolina Aquarium at Fort Fisher Education Section Essential Question: North Carolina Aquariums Education Section Reptilian Requirements Created by the North Carolina Aquarium at Fort Fisher Education Section What physical and behavioral adaptations do

More information

EUROPEAN KANGOUROU LINGUISTICS ENGLISH-LEVELS 5-6 ENGLISH. LEVEL: 5 6 (E - Στ Δημοτικού)

EUROPEAN KANGOUROU LINGUISTICS ENGLISH-LEVELS 5-6 ENGLISH. LEVEL: 5 6 (E - Στ Δημοτικού) ENGLISH LEVEL: 5 6 (E - Στ Δημοτικού) 20 February 2010 Questions 1-10 : 3 points each Questions 11-20 : 4 points each Questions 21-40 : 5 points each THALES FOUNDATION 1 Read the text below and answer

More information

Time of Day. Teacher Lesson Plan Nocturnal Animals Pre-Visit Lesson. Overview

Time of Day. Teacher Lesson Plan Nocturnal Animals Pre-Visit Lesson. Overview Teacher Lesson Plan Nocturnal Animals Pre-Visit Lesson Duration: 40-50 minutes Minnesota State Science Standard Correlations: 3.4.1.1.2. Wisconsin State Science Standard Correlations: B 4.6, C.4.1, C.4.2

More information

The Gift Of The Christmas Kitten By Jim Peterson

The Gift Of The Christmas Kitten By Jim Peterson The Gift Of The Christmas Kitten By Jim Peterson 2012 James Peterson 1 The Gift Of The Christmas Kitten By Jim Peterson Debra was still asleep when her grandmother left the apartment to go to work. Debra

More information

Loggerhead Turtles: Creature Feature

Loggerhead Turtles: Creature Feature Loggerhead Turtles: Creature Feature These beautifully colored sea turtles got their name because their oversized head sort of looks like a big log. Within their heads are powerful jaws, which loggerheads

More information

Prey and predator in the amazon rainforest

Prey and predator in the amazon rainforest Prey and predator in the amazon rainforest Gogamz Menu 1-3-2018 Well, there are alot of Jaguars, and Snakes, or alligators. Prey can be armadillos, ant eaters, ants, some monkeys, birds, fish, or LOTS

More information

THE CHILDREN S ZOO. Scavenger Hunt GRADES K-3

THE CHILDREN S ZOO. Scavenger Hunt GRADES K-3 THE CHILDREN S ZOO Scavenger Hunt GRADES K-3 Scavenger Hunt The Children s Zoo (K-3) Teacher s Guide Updated Summer 2011 APPROXIMATE TIME: 60 Minutes Suggestions for Teachers: 1. Allow your children about

More information

ì<(sk$m)=bdjbgd< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=bdjbgd< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Life Science Genre Comprehension Skills Text Features Science Content Nonfiction Compare and Contrast Labels Captions Classifying Organisms Diagrams Glossary Scott Foresman Science 5.1 by Wade Lind ì

More information

FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE (AISBL) SECRETARIAT GENERAL: 13, Place Albert 1 er B 6530 Thuin (Belgique) /EN. FCI-Standard N 124

FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE (AISBL) SECRETARIAT GENERAL: 13, Place Albert 1 er B 6530 Thuin (Belgique) /EN. FCI-Standard N 124 08.11.2002/EN FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE (AISBL) SECRETARIAT GENERAL: 13, Place Albert 1 er B 6530 Thuin (Belgique) FCI-Standard N 124 IRISH WATER SPANIEL 2 COUNTRY OF ORIGIN : Ireland. DATE

More information

Animals and Their Environments II

Animals and Their Environments II Animals and Their Environments II Grade Level: K, 2 Content Area: Life science Core Area: Exploring Organisms and Their Environments, Animals and Their Environments Lesson Overview: Students will compare

More information

Context Attributes Diving? Rough Furry Furry Rough Son of Man, Magritte What is this man doing? What is this man doing? Two birds with funny blue feet. Two professors converse in front of a blackboard.

More information

Have you ever Met a Morphosis?

Have you ever Met a Morphosis? Have you ever Met a Morphosis? Concealed beneath a garden in a suburban back yard, a miracle is revealed. Experience the journey of a caterpillar as he undergoes nature s little miracle of complete metamorphosis

More information

The Peregrine Falcon. BY: Alicia Saichareune

The Peregrine Falcon. BY: Alicia Saichareune The Peregrine Falcon BY: Alicia Saichareune Table of Contents Page 2: Peregrine Falcons are Fast! Page 3: Peregrine Falcons Return Page 4: Did you Know? Page 5: Comics Page 6: Falcon Facts Page 7: More

More information

The Fall of the Giants

The Fall of the Giants UNIT 3 WEEK 3 Read the article The Fall of the Giants before answering Numbers 1 through 10. The Fall of the Giants The Sequoia National Forest in California s Sierra Nevada Mountains is home to the most

More information

COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO UNDERSTAND EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS WITH BLAST

COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO UNDERSTAND EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS WITH BLAST Big Idea 1 Evolution INVESTIGATION 3 COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO UNDERSTAND EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS WITH BLAST How can bioinformatics be used as a tool to determine evolutionary relationships and to

More information

Write Your Own Guidebook!

Write Your Own Guidebook! Write Your Own Guidebook! The African Baobab tree is home to numerous animals that depend on this amazing tree for shelter and food. Some of these animals are listed below. These creatures also live in

More information

Faster. Fast and. Fast and Faster A Reading A Z Level I Leveled Book Word Count: 253 LEVELED BOOK I.

Faster. Fast and. Fast and Faster A Reading A Z Level I Leveled Book Word Count: 253 LEVELED BOOK I. Fast and Faster A Reading A Z Level I Leveled Book Word Count: 253 LEVELED BOOK I Fast and Faster Written by Katherine Follett Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. www.readinga-z.com

More information

Precocial Birds. (Ducks, geese, quail, rails and shorebirds, etc.)

Precocial Birds. (Ducks, geese, quail, rails and shorebirds, etc.) Precocial Birds (Ducks, geese, quail, rails and shorebirds, etc.) Precocial Birds are "self-sufficient" because most of these babies can find and eat food on their own often within minutes or hours of

More information

WHAT ARE HERPTILES? WHICH IS WHICH? 1. Vertebrates are animals that have 2. Complete the following chart of vertebrate groups: EGGS LAID WHERE?

WHAT ARE HERPTILES? WHICH IS WHICH? 1. Vertebrates are animals that have 2. Complete the following chart of vertebrate groups: EGGS LAID WHERE? WHAT ARE HERPTILES? 1. Vertebrates are animals that have 2. Complete the following chart of vertebrate groups: SKIN COVERING? GILLS OR LUNGS? EGGS LAID WHERE? ENDOTHERMIC OR ECTOTHERMIC Fish AMPHIBIANS

More information

Turkey Habitat. Welcome to the. Who Are Turkeys? Turkey Classification

Turkey Habitat. Welcome to the. Who Are Turkeys? Turkey Classification Welcome to the Turkey Habitat Turkey Classification Class: Aves Order: Galliformes Family: Phasianidae Genus: Meleagris Species: Gallopavo Subspecies (Southern U.S.): M.g. osceloa Who Are Turkeys? The

More information

FOOD WEB FOREST MUNCHERS

FOOD WEB FOREST MUNCHERS FOOD WEB FOREST MUNCHERS Subject: Science Skills: Classification, Comparison, Discussion, Kinesthetic, Large group, Modeling, Simulation Duration: -2 Class Periods Setting: Outside or Large Open Area Materials:

More information