ANNALES HISTORICO-NATURALES MUSEI NATIONALIS HUNGARICI Volume 88. Budapest, 19% pp Braconidae (Hymenoptera) from Korea, XVIII.

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1 ANNALES HISTORICO-NATURALES MUSEI NATIONALIS HUNGARICI Volume 88. Budapest, 19% pp Braconidae (Hymenoptera) from Korea, XVIII. * J. PAPP Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13, Hungary PAPP, J. (1996): Braconidae (Hymenoptera) from Korea, XVIII. - Annls hist.-nat. Mus. natn. hung. 88: Abstract - Forty-six braconid species of the subfamilies Alysiinae (3 species) and Braconinae (43 species) are reported from Korea, the species belong to nine genera. New taxa are described in two subfamilies: Alysiinae: Synaldis cabinica asiatica ssp. n., Synaldis nodosa sp. n.; Braconinae: Uncobracon gen. n., Punctobracon subgen. n. (of the genus Bracon FABRICIUS), Bracon (Glabrobracon) bellicolor sp. n., Bracon (Punctobracon) corroboratus sp. n., Bracon (Foveobracon) flaccus sp. n., Bracon (Bracon) gilvus sp. n. and Bracon (Bracon) merseli sp. n. A checklist and a key were compiled for the Korean species of the genus Synaldis. Twenty-four braconinc species proved to be new to the fauna of Korea. With 59 original figures. Forty-six braconid species belonging to the subfamilies Alysiinae and Braconinae are reported from the northern half of the Korean Peninsula (i.e. Democratic People's Republic of Korea). The braconid wasps have been collected by the staff-members of the Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, during their collecting trips to North Korea in the years Further details concerning the participants etc. are presented in my previous paper (PAPP 1990a). The braconid material of the present account is deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest. Specimens in the property of the Polish Zoological Institute in Warszawa are indicated in the species list as (in Warszawa) after the specimen numbers of the respective species. The 46 braconid species represent nine genera, subsequently they are enumerated with the indication of the numbers of the species in brackets belonging to: Alysiinae: Synaldis FOERSTER (3 species); Braconinae: Atanycolus FOERSTER (1 species), Bracon FABRICIUS (32 species), Cyanopterus HALIDAY (3 species), Habrobracon ASHMEAD (2 species), lphiaulax FOERSTER (2 species), Pseudoshirakia VAN ACHTERBERG (1 species), Uncobracon gen. n. (I species) and Vipio LATREILLE (1 species). From among the taxa here treated one genus, one subgenus, six species and one subspecies are new to the science, their specification is given in the abstract. For each species the localities are given in an abbreviated form, i.e. with the locality numbers presented in the original itinerary of the collecting trips. In the previous five papers of my series (PAPP 1989, 1990a, 1990b, 1992, 1994) on the braconids of Korea I have published a long list of the locality numbers completed with the detailed collecting * Zoological Collectings by the Hungarian Natural History Museum in Korea, No. 133.

2 sites, collecting time and with the short characterization of the vegetation of the collecting sites as well as with the collecting device, etc. Below those locality numbers with their respective detailed data are listed which were not included in my previous papers: No Kaesong, Mts Bagyon, km NE from Kaesong both sides and near to the road between Kaesong and Bagyon popo. 11 September Singled on bushy and grassy vegetation. No Prov. South Pyongan: Mt Daesang, 10 km NE from Pyongyan City, 25 July Netting the grassy vegetation along the asphalt road. No Pyongyang City: Mt Daesong, 10 km NE from Pyongyang, 23 September Swept from mixed vegetation along forest margin. No South Pyongan Prov.: Lake Kyollong Reservoir, c. 30 km N of Pyongyang, 30 September Netting the weedy vegetation and also the brush-wood of a Quercus sp. in a Pinus densiflora forest. No Pyongyang City: Mt Daesong, 20 September Singled in pine forest and on its clearing. No Chagang Prov.: Mt Myohyang, River Chongchon valley, 12 September Netting in the valley and the northern slope. No Chagang Prov.: Mt Myohyang, 15 September Netting in the field beside the foot-path to the goldmine No No Kangwon Prov.: Lake Sijung (halfway between Wonsan and Onjong-ri). 17 September Singled in the vicinity of the lake. No Pyongyang City: Mt Daesong, 9 July Singled material in the vicinity of Lake Dongchon. No North Pyongan Prov.: Mt Myogyang, 18 July Netted material collected beside the road between Hyangam and Children's Union Camp. No Pyongyang City: Ml Daesong. 16 May Warm, sunny forenoon. Sweeping the underwood and the scrub vegetation. No Pyongyang City: on the way to Mangyongdae, 17 May Warm sunny forenoon. Sweeping the degraded vegetation along the road-side. No Kangwon Prov.: Mts Kumgang, 27 May Cool afternoon with overcast sky. temperature about 17 C. Sweeping the undergrowth of a mixed forest around the rest house Oe-Kumgang. No Kangwon Prov.: Mts Kumgang, 28 May Cloudy sky with occasional sunshine, temperature about 20 C. Sweeping the undergrowth vegetation. No Pyongyang City: Mt Ryongak, 31 May Warm, cloudy forenoon, temperature about 22 C. Sweeping the vegetation along the concrete road. No Kangwon Prov.: Mts Kumgang, Onjong-ri, 20 June Cloudy afternoon, Pinus densiflora forest. Sweeping from the vegetation. No North Pyongan Prov.: Mt Myohyang, Hyangsan, 3 July Singled material in the garden along the edge of the wood around the Myohyangsan Hotel. Very warm day, with temperature around 35 C. No Kangwon Prov.: Mts Myohyang, Oe-Kumgang, 14 July Singled material in the valley behind the Kumgang Hotel, by a small creek. Abbreviations used in the text: OD = diameter of an ocellus; OOL = shortest distance between hind ocellus and eye; POL = shortest distance between hind two ocelli; cuj = first section of the cubital vein; cuqul, cuqul = first and second transverse cubital vein; n.bas.l, n.bas.2 = first and

3 second section of basal vein; n.rec. - recurrent vein; rl, r2 and r3 = first, second and third section of radial vein; B = first brachial cell; CU2 = second cubital cell; D1 = first discal cell. ALYSIINAE Synaldis cabinica asiatica ssp. n. Ç Synaldis cabinica FISCHER, 1967: Polskié Pismo Entom. 37 (3): 467 (in key) and (description) Çcf, type locality: Cabin John (USA), holotype Ç (and 2 ÇÇ paratypes) in National Museum of Natural History, Washington; examined. Material examined- Holotype Ç: Korea, South Pyongan Prov.: Mt Zamo, 60 km NE of Pyongyan City, netting in the sweet chestnut (Castanea crenata) forest in nature conservancy field, 2 September 1971, leg. Horvatovich & Papp, loc. No Holotype is deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Department of Zoology), Budapest, Hym. Typ. No Etymology - The subspecific name "asiatica" refers to the East Asian distribution of the subspecies. Description - The new subspecies is very similar to the nominate species excepting the following features: 5. cabinica cabinica: (1) Antenna with 20 antennomeres. (2) Head in dorsal view 1.8 times as broad as long. (3) Ground colour of body dark brown to brown; scape, pedicel, legs and first tergite yellow, flagellum brownish. S. cabinica asiatica ssp. n.: (1) Antenna with 23 antennomeres. (2) Head in dorsal view 1.9 times as broad as long. (3) Ground colour of body yellow, head dark brown, mesonotum light brown; scape and pedicel straw yellow, flagcllomeres 1-2 darkening straw yellow, rest of flagellum greyish brownish; tegula and legs straw yellow. Synaldis nodosa sp. n. d (Figs 1-4) Material examined - Holotype d: Korea, Pyongyang City, Botongyang Park, warm, stuffy forenoon, temperature about 24 C, sweeping the much degraded vegetation, 30 May 1985, leg. Vojnits & Zombori, loc. No Holotype is deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Department of Zoology), Budapest, Hym. Typ. No Etymology - The species name "nodosa" refers to the nodulose protuberance of the first tergite. Description of the h o 1 o t y p e 6. - Body 2.7 mm long. Head in dorsal view (Fig. 1) transverse, 1.8 times as broad as long, temple somewhat bulging hence head between temples somewhat broader than between eyes, eye as long as temple, occiput excavated. Ocelli small and elliptic, POL:OD:OOL as 5:4:13. Eye in lateral view 1.7 times as high as wide and as wide as temple. Mandible somewhat longer than broad, clearly broadening distally, its median tooth blunt (Fig. 2). Head polished, face and clypeus with fine hairpunctures. - Antenna about as long as body and with 22 antennomeres. First flagellomere twice as long as broad apically, further flagellomeres attenuating so that penultimate flagellomere also twice as long as broad.

4 Mesosoma in lateral view 1.25 times as long as high. Mesonotal dimple distinct, linear. Prescutellar furrow with crenulae. Hind margin of mesopletiron very finely crenulated (Fig. 3), precoxal suture restricted to middle of mesopleuron and relatively wide, crenulated. Propodeum with a distinct medio-longitudinal and a hardly distinct antero-transverse keels, beyond latter keel (or declivous part of) propodeum rugose, before it smooth to just uneven. Otherwise mesosoma polished. - Hind femur 4.2 times as long as broad. - Fore wing about as long as body. Vein r3 2.5 times as long as rl+2 combined. First tergite 1.4 times as long as broad behind, distinctly broadening posteriorly, i.e. its hind width just less than twice as broad as basally; pair of spiracles on top of pointed nodule medio-laterally on tergite; pair of basal keels merging into longitudinal rugo-rugulosity of tergite (Fig. 4). Further tergites polished. Ground colour of head and mesosoma black, first tergite yellowish brown, rest of metasoma darkening brown. Legs yellow. Mandible yellowish, palpi yellow. Scape and pedicel yellowish brownish, first flagellomere darkening yellowish brownish, rest of flagellum greyish brownish. Wings subhyaline, pterostigma and veins brownish. Female and host unknown. The new species, Synaldis nodosa, sp. n., is nearest to S. maxima FISCHER, 1962 (Europe, Mongolia) considering their body size over two mm in length, finely to very finely crenulated hind margin of mesopleuron; the two species may be separated by the following features: 1 (2) First tergite distinctly broadening posteriorly, i.e. 1.4 times as long as broad behind, pair of spiracles on top of pointed nodule medio-laterally of tergite (Fig. 4). First flagellomere twice as long as broad apically. Mandible broadening distally, its median tooth blunt (Fig. 2). Legs yellow, d: 2.7 mm S. nodosa sp. n. 2(1) First tergite less distinctly broadening posteriorly, i.e times as long as broad behind, pair of spiracles medio-laterally on tergite not on a nodule (Fig. 6). First flagellomere three to four times as long as broad apically. Mandible less broadening distally, its median tooth pointed (Fig. 5). Legs rather brownish yellow, d: mm S. maxima FISCHER Synaldis propedistractam (Figs 7-9, 12) PAPP Synaldis propedistractam PAPP, 1993 in FISCHER (1993): Linzer bio I. Beitr. 25 (2): 571 (in key) d, type locality: "Korea". - FISCHER (1993) included this species in his key under my name and he indicated (1993: 565) that its detailed description will be published in the near future. Material examined - Holotype d: Korea, South Pyongan Prov.: Pyongyang City, Hotel garden, taken with Malaise trap, 5-6 August 1971, leg. Horvatovich & Papp, loc. No Paratype d: same locality and collectors as for holotype, 31 August 1971, loc. No Holotype and one paratype are deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Department of Zoology), Budapest, Hym. Typ. No (holotype) and 7706 (paratype).

5 Etymology - The species name "propedistractam" indicates its nearest taxonomic ally 5. distracta. Description of the holotype cf. - Body 1.8 mm long. Head in dorsal view (Fig. 7) transverse, 1.72 times as broad as long, between temples a bit broader than between eyes, eye 1.4 times as long as temple, latter rounded, occiput excavated. Ocelli small and almost round, POL:OD:OOL as 5:3:12. Face 1.6 times as wide as high. Mandible not broadening distally, its lower or third tooth rounded (Fig, 8, arrow). Eye in lateral view 1.56 times as long as wide, 1.23 times wider than temple. Head polished, face hairy and with indistinct hairpunctures. - Antenna about one-fifth longer than body; left flagellum with 20 flagellomeres, first flagellomere three times and penultimate flagellomere 2.3 times as long as broad; right flagellum missing. Figs X: Synaldis nodosa sp. n.: 1 = head in dorsal view, 2 = mandible, 3 = finely crenulated hind margin of mesopleuron, 4 = first tergite. 5-6: Synaldis maxima FISCHER: 5 = mandible, 6 = first tergite. 7-9: Synalelis propedistractam PAPP: 7 = head in dorsal view, 8 = mandible, 9 = propodeum : Synaldis glabrifovea FISCHER: 10 = head in dorsal view, 11 = mandible

6 Mesosoma in lateral view somewhat longer than high. Notaulix distinct on declivous fore part of mesonotum. Postero-median dimple present on mesonotum. Prescutellar furrow with one median and a pair of lateral crenulae. Precoxal suture crenulated. Propodeum areolated, areolae smooth to uneven, subrugulose, shiny; stigma distinct and somewhat protruding medio-laterally (Fig. 9). - Hind femur four times as long as broad distally. Fore wing as long as body. Pterostigma distinct and parallel margined, r3 reaching tip of wing and distinctly twice as long as /7+2. Metasoma somewhat longer than mesosoma and shorter than head + mesosoma combined. First tergite (Fig. 12) 1.74 times as long as broad behind, pair of stigma just before middle of tergite, tergite itself broadening from base to stigma, beyond stigma parallel-sided, pair of keels almost reaching hind end of tergite. First tergite medio-longitudinally rugulose to uneven, laterally smooth and shiny; further tergites polished. Ground colour of body dark brown to brown. Scape and pedicel yellow, first flagellomere darkening yellow, flagellum greyish brown. Clypeus yellow, mandible and palpi straw yellow. Prosternum and tegula yellow, pronotum and mesopleuron brownish yellowish. Tergites and sternites 1-2 yellow. Legs straw yellow. Wings subhyaline, pterostigma and veins light brownish. Description of the male paratype (1 d). - Similar to the holotype. Body 1.7 mm long. First tergite 1.7 times as long as broad behind. Female and host unknown. In FISCHER'S key (1993: 571) Synaldis propedistractam PAPP is placed in the couplet 32 with S. distracta (NEES, 1834), the males of the two species are distinguished by the following features: 1 (2) Propodeum areolated and rugose particularly posteriorly. First tergite twice as long as broad behind. Mesopleuron black to brownish black, legs and first tergite dark brown to brownish yellow, ó: mm S. distracta (NEES) 2(1) Propodeum areolated, areolae smooth to uneven, subrugulose and shiny. First tergite 1.7 times as long as broad behind (Fig. 12). Mesopleuron brownish yellowish, legs and tergites 1-2 pale yellow. 6: 1.8 mm S. propedistractam PAPP From among the Synaldis species distributed in the Nearctic Region S. propedistractam seems to be nearest to S. glabrifovea FISCHER, 1967 considering their areolated propodeum and long flagellomeres; the two species are separated by a few features: 1 (2) Head in dorsal view between eyes a bit broader than between temples (Fig. 10). First flagellomere four times as long as broad. First tergite twice as long as behind. Lower or third tooth of mandible more rounded (see arrow in figure) and mandible itself somewhat broadening distally (Fig. 11). Mesopleuron black. Ç: 2.9 mm S. glabrifovea FISCHER 2(1) Head in dorsal view between temples a bit broader than between eyes (Fig. 7). First flagellomere three times as long as broad. First tergite 1.7 times as long as broad behind. Lower or third tooth of mandible less rounded (see arrow in figure) and mandible itself hardly broadening distally (Fig. 8). Mesopleuron brownish yellowish, ó: 1.8 mm S. propedistractam PAPP

7 THE KOREAN SPECIES OF THE GENUS SYNALDIS FOERSTER Thirteen species of the genus Synaldis are known from Korea so far. Six species have been described as new to science (PAPP 1994), two species and one subspecies proved to be new and are described in the present paper, four species are known either from the Palaearctic or from the Nearctic Region: S. cabinica asiatica ssp. n. S. nodosa sp. n. S. concolor (NEES, 1812) S. propedistractam PAPP, 1993 S. distenta PAPP, 1994 S. reducta (TOBIAS, 1962) S. distracta (NEES, 1834) S. sine era PAPP, 1994 S.fuscoflava PAPP, 1994 S. trematosa FISCHER, 1967 S. hirsuta PAPP, 1994 S. vestigata PAPP, 1994 S. nigriceps PAPP, 1994 KEY TO THE SYNALDIS FOERSTER SPECIES OF KOREA (abbreviation: in PAPP 1994 = P. 94) 1 (2) Mesonotum without a postero-median dimple. Head in dorsal view 1.75 times as broad as long (Fig. 36 P. 94: 148). Antenna with 15 antennomeres. Propodeum uneven to smooth and shiny, with a medio-longitudinal keel (Fig. 39 I.e.). Body brown, first tergite brownish yellow, legs yellow. Ç: 1.3 mm S. sincerea PAPP, (1) Mesonotum with a postero-median dimple. 3 (4) Hind margin of mesopleuron very finely crenulated (Fig. 3). Temple in dorsal view bulging. Mandible short and broadening distally, its median tooth blunt (Fig. 2). First tergite medially with a pair of nodules (Fig. 4). Black, metasoma brown, d: 2.7 mm S. nodosa sp. n. 4 (3) Hind margin of mesopleuron not crenulated. First tergite without nodule. 5(16) Propodeum smooth and shiny to polished, either with a medio-longitudinal keel or areolated. 6(13) Propodeum polished and with a medio-longitudinal keel (Figs 15 and 40 P. 94: 144, 148). 7 (8) Medio-longitudinal keel of propodeum anteriorly with a short transverse keel (Fig. 40 P. 94: 148). Antenna with antennomeres. First tergite 1,9-2.1 times as long as broad behind (Fig. 41 I.e.). Brownish black, first tergite brownish yellow, legs yellow. Ç: mm S. vestigata PAPP 8 (7) Medio-longitudinal keel without transverse keel.

8 9 (10) Occiput with a pair of small tubercules (Fig. 42 P. 94: 148). Vein r3 1.5 times as long as rj+2. Antenna with (Ç) and (19-)22-24 (d) antennomeres. Brown to dark brown, first tergite more or less lighter, legs yellow. Çd: mm S. reducta (TOBIAS, 1962) 10(9) Occiput without tubercule. 11 (12) Hind femur thick, three times as long as broad (Fig. 16 P. 94: 144). Antenna shorter than body and with 16 antennomeres, flagellomeres times as long as broad. Head in dorsal view subcubic, 1.5 times as broad as long, eye somewhat longer than temple. Body blackish brown to brown, first tergite yellow. Ç: 1.8 mm S. distenta PAPP 12 (11) Hind femur not thick, five times as long as broad. Antenna longer than body and with 23 antennomeres, flagellomeres 2-13 at least twice as long as broad. Head in dorsal view transverse, 1.9 times as broad as long, eye twice as long as temple. Head dark brown, meso- and metasoma yellow. Ç: 1.5 mm S. cabinica asiatica ssp. n. 13 (6) Propodeum areolated (Abb. 27 in FISCHER 1967: 475; Fig. 9), areolae either smooth and shiny or (partly) uneven to subrugulose. 14(15) First tergite times as long as broad behind. Upper tooth of mandible small (Abb. 25 in FISCHER 1967: 475). Areolae smooth and shiny and at most close along carination uneven. Brown, legs yellow. Çd: (1.8-)2-2.1 mm S. trematosa FISCHER 15 (14) First tergite 1.7 times as long as broad behind (Fig. 12). Upper tooth of mandible usual in size (Fig. 8). Areolae more or less uneven to subrugulose (Fig. 9). Dark brown to brown, legs yellow, d: mm S. propedistractam PAPP 16 (5) Propodeum at least partly rugose to rugulose. 17 (18) Face, clypeus (Fig. 29 P. 94: 148) and mesonotum with long hairs. First tergite twice as long as broad behind. Antenna with 18 antennomeres. Brown to dark brown, head blackish brown, legs yellow. Çd: 2.1 mm S. hirsuta PAPP, (17) Face, clypeus and mesonotum with short hairs. 19 (22) Ground colour of body brownish yellow, head darker. 20 (21) Temple in dorsal view bulging, i.e. head between temples a bit broader than between eyes (Fig. 18 P. 94: 144). First tergite 1.3 times as long as broad behind (Fig. 22 I.e.). Antenna with 19 antennomeres. Head brown, mesosoma brownish yellow (laterally yellow), metasoma yellow. Çd: mm S. fuscoflava PAPP, (20) Temple in dorsal view not bulging, i.e. head between temples as broad as between eyes (Fig. 32 P. 94: 148). First tergite twice as long as broad behind (Fig.

9 35 I.e.). Antenna with 17 antennomeres. Head blackish, meso- and metasoma brownish yellow. Ç: 1.7 mm S. nigriceps PAPP 22 (19) Ground colour of body dark brown to black. 23 (24) Flagellomeres of female about 1.5 times as long as broad, first flagellomere somewhat attenuating. Legs (Çd) dark, brown to dark brown. Çd: mm S. concolor (NEES, 1812) 24 (23) Flagellomeres of female twice as long as broad, first flagellomere not attenuating. Legs (Çd) yellow or reddish yellow. 25 (26) First tergite 1.7 times as long as broad behind (Fig. 12). Areolae of propodeum at least uneven to subrugulose. Mesopleuron brownish yellowish, legs and tergites 1-2 pale yellow, d: 1.8 mm S. propedistractam PAPP 26 (25) First tergite twice as long as broad behind. Areolae of propodeum rugose particularly posteriorly. Mesopleuron black to brownish black, legs and tergite 1 dark brown to brownish yellow, d: mm S. distracta (NEES, 1834) BRACONINAE Atanycolus denignator (LINNAEUS, 1758)- 1 Ç: No Bracon (Glabrobracon) ahngeri TELENGA, ÇÇ + 1 d: Pyongyang City, 8 August 1982, leg. Beron & Popov. - The Korean specimens match the original description almost in every respect. Antenna with antennomeres (21: 1 Ç, 23: 2 ÇÇ + 1 d, 24: 1 Ç). Dark colour pattern varies from light brown to black. - Described and hitherto known only from the type locality Taganrog (southern European part of Russia). New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Bracon) andriescui PAPP, d: No ?: No ?: No ?: No Described from Romania. New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Glabrobracon) anthracinus NEES, dd: No Bracon (Glabrobracon) bellicolor sp. n.: description see p Bracon (Glabrobracon) cingulator SZÉPLIGETI, d: No Ç: No d: No Ç: No Ç: No ??: No Known from Hungary, Moldavia and the European part of Russia. New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Punctobracon) corroboratus subgen. et sp. n.: description see p Bracon (Orthobracon) epitriptus MARSHALL, ÇÇ: No d: No d: No d: No d: No d: No d: No dd: No dd: No Ç: No d: No d: No d: No d: No d: No d: No Bracon (Orthobracon) exhilarator NEES, ??: No ?: No $?: No Ç + 3 dd: No ??: No ?: No ? + 2 d: No d: No Two females (from the loc. No. 1000) with a median keel reduced to hind quarter of propodeum. - A Palaearctic species. New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Foveobracon) flaceus sp. n.: description see p Bracon (Glabrobracon) llavinus FAHRINGER d: No ?: No ?: No ÇÇ + 2 dd: No ?: No d: No ?: No. 930, 1?: No d: Pyongyang City, 8 August 1982, leg. Beron & Popov. - Ground colour of body black, in albanic forms reddish yellow pattern is more or less extended on head, pro- and mesonotum, tergites. Antenna

10 with antennomeres (24: 2 ÇÇ + 1 d, 26: 1?, 28: 1? + 1 d, 31: 1? + 1 d, 32: 1 cf). - Known from Japan so far. New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Lucobracon) fortipes WESMAEL, Ç: No d. No In Europe frequent to sporadic; in the former USSR not listed (TOBIAS 1986). New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Bracon) fulvipes NEES, ? + 1 d. No ?: No ? (in Warszawa): Onpho, ad Chongjin, 16 August 1959, leg. Pisarski & Prószynski. 1 Ç (in Warszawa): Pyongan Prov., Nampo, Thesong (distr. Kengso), 26 May 1965, leg. Mroczkowski & Riedel. Bracon (Glabrobracon) fuseicoxis WESMAEL, d. No In Europe sporadic to frequent, in the eastern Palaearctic Region listed from Irkutsk (TOBIAS 1986: 127). New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Bracon) gilvus sp. n.: description see p Bracon (Glabrobracon) immutator NEES, ? + 1 d: No $: No ?: No $: No In Europe frequent to common, from the eastern Palaearctic Region not reported so far. New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Glabrobracon) immutator ab. hemirugosus (SZÉPLIGETI, 1901) - 1 Ç: No ??: No d. No ?: No ?: No $ (in Warszawa): Onpho, ad Chongjin, 16 August 1959, leg. Pisarski & Prószynski. Bracon (Bracon) intercessor (NEES, 1834) - 1 d (in Warszawa): Pyongyang City, 13 September 1959, leg. Pisarski. Bracon (Bracon) intercessor ab. mixtus (SZÉPLIGETI, 1901) - 1 $: No Bracon (Bracon) intercessor ab. subtilis (SZÉPLIGETI, 1901) - 1 Ç (in Warszawa): Mts Kemkang, 28 August 1959, leg. Pisarski. Bracon (Glabrobracon) irkutensis TELENGA, Ç: No Features deviating from the original description (TELENGA 1936: 269, 398): head in dorsal view distinctly transverse; propodeum smooth, its medio-longitudinal carina short and restricted to hind third of propodeum; ovipositor sheath as long as hind tarsomeres 1^4; scape and pedicel blackish brown, radicle entirely and pedicel apically reddish yellow. - Since its description known only from the type locality ("Ostsibirien, Irkutsk, Melnikovo") in Russia. New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Glabrobracon) isomera CUSHMAN, d. No Ç: No I Ç: No Described from Korea ("Mokpo"), reported from China. Supposedly a frequent species in Korea. Bracon (Bracon) leptus MARSHALL, $: No d. No A Palaearctic species. New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Bracon) longicollis WESMAEL, ?: No d: No $: No d. No $: No d: No ?: No $: No ? + 1 d: No dd: No dd: No d: No Ç: No Bracon (Bracon) merseli sp. n.: description see p Bracon (Glabrobracon) obscurator NEES, d: No d: No ? (in Warszawa): Onpho, ad Chongjin, 20 August 1959, leg. Pisarski & Prószynski. Bracon (Bracon) onukii WATANABE, d: No Ç: No ?: No d: No d: No $: No Described from Japan and Korea ("Shariin"), reported from China. Bracon (Glabrobracon) osculator NEES, ?: No $: No $: No Ç (in Warszawa): Onpho, ad Chongjin, 21 August 1959, leg. Pisarski & Prószynski. Bracon (Glabrobracon) otiosus MARSHALL, $: No The single female from Korea deviates from the European forms in several respects: body 5 mm long, antenna with 33 antennomeres, tergite 2 medially with a black macula, tergites 3-7 black and laterally reddish yellow, tegula rusty brown, femora 1-2 yellow with black(ish) pattern. - In Europe sporadic to frequent. New to the fauna of Korea.

11 Bracon (Orthobracon) picticornis WESMAEL, d: No Ç: North Pyongan Prov., Mts Myohyang, 14 August 1982, leg. Beron & Popov. Bracon (Orthobracon) rufiscapus SZÉPLIGETI, Ç: No d: No ? + 1 d: No dd: No Hitherto reported from Hungary and Austria. TOBIAS (1986: 125) placed it in synonymy with B. (B.) intercessornees. New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Bracon) Scutellaria WESMAEL, ?: No In Europe frequent, in the eastern Palaearctic Region not listed so far. New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Glabrobracon) terebella WESMAEL, ÇÇ: No ?: No >: No In the western Palearctic Region frequent to common, from the eastern Palearctic Region not reported so far. New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Glabrobracon) variator NEES, ÇÇ + 1 d: No d: No ? (in Warszawa): Maram, ad Pyongyan, 30 July 1959, leg. Pisarski & Prószynski. Bracon (Bracon) variegator SPINOLA, ?: No ?? + 5 dd: No Ç: No ?: No ?: No Bracon (Sculptobracon) yakui WATANABE, 1932: redescription see p Cyanopterus (Cyanopterus) flavator (FABRICIUS, 1793) - 1 d: No Ç: Chagang Prov., Mts Myohyang, August 1994, leg. Han Eng Hi. - A Palaearctic species. New to the fauna of Korea. Cyanopterus (Ipobracon) jakuticus (TOBIAS et ABDINBEKOVA, 1973) comb. n. - 1?; No Described and hitherto known only from the type locality in Russia: Siberia ("Markha near Yakutsk"). New to the fauna of Korea. Cyanopterus (Ipobracon) praecinctus (SHESTAKOV, 1936) - 1 Ç: Ryanggang Prov., Mt. Paekdusan, 18 July 1991, leg. Han Eng Hi. 1 d: Kanwon Prov., Mts Kumgang, environs of hotel, 20 August 1982, leg. Beron & Popov. - Listed from several localities in Russia: Siberia (TELENGA 1936: 96-97, TOBIAS & ABDINBEKOVA 1973: 437). New to the fauna of Korea. Habrobracon (Habrobracon) simonovi KOKOUJEV, ÇÇ: No d: No d: Pyongyan City, 6 August 1982, leg. Beron & Popov. - Distributed in the eastern Palaearctic Region. New to the fauna of Korea. Habrobracon (Habrobracon) viktorovi TOBIAS, : No Known from the type locality in the European part of Russia (Volgograd region). New to the fauna of Korea. Iphiaulax bellator (KOKOUJEV, 1898) - 2?? (1? in Warszawa): Chagang Prov., Mts Myohyang, 3 August (1 $) and 3 August (1Ç) 1959, leg. Pisarski & Prószynski. - Hitherto known from North China and Mongolia. New to the fauna of Korea. Iphiaulax impostor (SCOPOLI, 1763) 1 d: North Hamgyong Prov., Musan, August 1991, leg. Han Eng Hi. Pseudoshirakia yokohamensis (CAMERON, 1910) - 1 Ç: No Reported from China, Japan and Taiwan (VAN ACHTERBERG 1983: 74-76). New to the fauna of Korea. Uncobracon apoderi (WATANABE, 1933) gen. n. et comb, n.: description see p Vipio sareptanus (KAWALL, 1865) - 1?: No d (in Warszawa): Diuyr, ad Chongjin, 24 August 1959, leg. Pisarski & Prószynski. - Frequent to common in the former USSR and Mongolia, reported from the Palaearctic China. New to the fauna of Korea. Bracon (Glabrobracon) bellicolor sp. n. Ç (Figs 13-16) Material examined - Holotype Ç: Korea, Ryanggang Prov., Plateau Chann-pay, Samzi-yan, 1500 m, netted in the vegetation of a devastated forest, 24 August 1971, leg. Horvatovich & Papp, loc. No. 196.

12 Holotype is deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Department of Zoology), Budapest, Hym. Typ. No Etymology - The name "bellicolor" refers to the brightly tricoloured body of the new species. Description of the holotype?. - Body 3.8 mm long. Head in dorsal view (Fig. 13) transverse, 1.66 times as broad as long, eye one-third longer than temple, latter less rounded, occiput excavated. Ocelli elliptic, POL:OD:OOL as 5:5:14. Eye in lateral view 1.5 times Figs : Synaldis propedistractam PAPP: first tergite : Bracon (Glabrobracon) bellicolor sp. n.: 13 = head in dorsal view, 14 = head in lateral view, 15 = distal part of right fore wing, 16 = tergites : Bracon (Glabrobracon) flavipalpis THOMSON: 17 = head in dorsal view, 18 = head in lateral view : Bracon (Glabrobracon) conjugellae BENGTSSON: 19 = head in dorsal view, 20 = tergites 1-3, 21 = distal part of right fore wing

13 as high as wide and 1.25 times as wide as temple, latter evenly broad behind eye (Fig. 14). Malar space as long as basal width of mandible. Circular opening just wider than shortest distance between margin of opening and eye. Head polished, face uneven and shiny, cheek granulöse. - Antenna somewhat longer than body and with 34 antennomeres. First flagellomere twice as long as broad, further flagellomeres attenuating so that penultimate flagellomere also twice as long as broad apically. Mesosoma in lateral view 1.5 times as long as high. Notaulix distinct in its anterior half. Prescutellar furrow narrow, crenulated. Mesosoma polished. - Hind femur 3.3 times as long as broad medially. Hind tarsus a bit longer than hind tibia. Fore wing as long as body. Pterostigma (Fig. 15) 2.66 times as long as wide, issuing radial vein (rl) somewhat proximally from its middle; rl one-third shorter than width of pterostigma, r2 one-third longer than cuqul, r times as long as r2 and reaching tip of wing. Cell Dl of fore wing relatively less high, cul 1.28 times as long as n.bas.2 (Fig. 15, see arrows). N. rec. antefurcal. Metasoma a bit shorter than head + mesosoma combined. First tergite (Fig. 16) 1.45 times as long as broad behind. Suture between tergites 2-3 distinct and straight. First tergite laterally from scutum longitudinally uneven, otherwise tergites polished. Ovipositor sheath as long as hind tarsus. Body tricoloured. Face, cheek and oral part yellow, head above and temple brown, ocellar field black. Mesosoma blackish brown, pronotum and tegula yellow, propodeum brown. Tergite wide brown, laterally together with stern i tes yellow. Legs yellow, tarsi faintly brownish fumous. Wings proximo-distally faintly fumous to subhyaline, pterostigma and veins light brownish, pterostigma basally with a pale yellow macula. Male and host unknown. The new species, Bracon (Glabrobracon) bellicolor sp. n., is very near to B. (G.) conjugellae BENGTSSON, 1924 (Europe) and to B. (G.) flavipalpis THOMSON, 1892 (Scandinavia), the three species are differentiated by a few features as keyed below: 1 (2) Head in dorsal view cubic (Fig. 17), 1.5 times as broad as long, eye only somewhat longer than temple; in lateral view temple (Fig. 18) narrowing ventrally. First tergite long, 1.75 times as long as broad behind, pair of spiracles somewhat before its middle. Ovipositor sheath long, as long as hind tibia + hind tarsus combined. Antenna with 28 antennomeres. Head blackish brown, mesosoma black, tergites brown to dark brown, sternites vivid yellow. Ç: 3.2 mm B. (G.) flavipalpis THOMSON 2 (1) Head in dorsal view transverse (Figs 13, 19), times as long as broad behind, eye about one-third longer than temple; in lateral view temple (Fig. 14) evenly broad. First tergite less long, only somewhat longer than broad behind (Figs 16, 20). 3 (4) Temple in dorsal view (Fig. 13) less rounded. Antenna somewhat longer than body and with 34 antennomeres. First tergite 1.45 times as long as broad behind, suture between tergites 2-3 straight (Fig. 16). Vein r3 of fore wing less than twice as long as r2; cell Dl of fore wing relatively less high, cul 1.28 times as long as n.bas.2 (Fig. 15). Ovipositor sheath as long as hind tarsus. Body tricoloured: upper half of head brown, its lower half yellow, frons medially and ocellar field black; mesosoma blackish, pronotum and tegula yellow; tergites widely brown, laterally together with sternites yellow; coxae yellow. Ç: 3.8 mm

14 B. (G.) bellicolor sp. n. 4(3) Temple in dorsal view rounded (Fig. 19). Antenna somewhat shorter than body and with 26(-29) antennomeres. First tergite about 1.6 times as long as broad behind, suture between tergites 2-3 bisinuate (Fig. 20). Vein r3 of fore wing twice as long as r2, cell Dl of fore wing relatively high, cul slightly longer than n.bas.2 (Fig. 21). Ovipositor sheath as long as hind tibia + hind tarsus combined. Head and mesosoma blackish brown to blackish, metasoma yellow, first tergite black, tergites 2-7 medially brown; coxae brown to blackish. Çd: mm B. (G.) conjugellae BENGTSSON Genus Bracon FABRICIUS Subgenus Punctobracon subgen. n. (Fig. 24) Type species: Bracon (Punctobracon) corroborants sp. n., monotypic and original designation. Etymology - The "puncto" in the name of the new subgenus refers to the strong punctures of the tergites. Description - The new subgenus, Punctobracon, is nearest to the subgenus Glabrobracon (FAHRINGER, 1927 as Sectio) TOBIAS, 1957 (as subgenus) within the genus Bracon FABRICIUS, 1804; the two subgenera are differentiated by the following features: 1 (2) Tergites 1-7 usually polished and at most tergites 1 3( 4) with weak sculpture (granulöse, rugulose, rugose) in a variable extent medially to medio-laterally. Sutures between tergites usually uncrenulated, at most suture between tergites 2-3 crenulated Glabrobracon TOBIAS 2 (1) Tergites 2-6 with strong and discrete punctures, interspaces polished and usually more or less bigger than punctures themselves (Fig. 24). Sutures between tergites crenulated Punctobracon subgen. n. Bracon (Punctobracon) corroboratus sp. n. Ç (Figs 22-25) Material examined- Holotype Ç + I Ç paratype: Korea, South Pyongan Prov., Mt Zamo, 60 km NE from Pyongyan City, netting in sweet chestnut (Castanea crenata) forest in nature conservancy field, 2 September 1971, leg. Horvatovich & Papp, loc. No Holotype and one paratype are deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Department of Zoology), Budapest, Hym. Typ. Nos 7708 (holotype) and 7709 (paratype). Etymology - The species name "corroboratus" refers to the posteriorly somewhat strengthening punctures of the tergites.

15 Description of the holotype Ç. - Body 3.8 mm long. Head in dorsal view (Fig. 22) less transverse, 1.7 times as broad as long, eye 1.7 times as long as temple, latter rounded, occiput moderately excavated. Ocelli elliptic, POL:OD:OOL as 6:5:12. Eye in lateral view 1.4 times as high as wide and 1.3 times as wide as temple, latter ventrally narrowing. Malar space somewhat shorter than basal width of mandible. Circular opening 1.4 times wider than shortest distance between margin of opening and eye. Head polished, face laterally and frons granularly uneven. - Antenna about as long as body and with 28 antennomeres. First flagellomere twice and penultimate flagellomere 1.66 times as long as broad apically. Mesosoma in lateral view 1.4 times as long as high. Notaulix weakly distinct, indicated by a row of setae. Prescutcllar furrow narrow and crenulated. Mesosoma and propodeum polished. - Hind femur 3.6 times as long as broad medially; hind basilarsus as long as tarsomeres 2-3 and half tarsomere 4. Fore wing as long as body. Pterostigma (Fig. 23) 2.66 times as long as wide, issuing radial vein proximally from its middle, rl shorter than width of pterostigma, r2 2.4 times as long as rl and one-third longer than cuqul, r times as long as r2 and approaching tip of wing; n. rec. antefurcal. Metasoma (Fig. 24) about one-sixth longer than head + mesosoma combined. First tergite 1.2 times as long as broad behind, beyond pair of spiracles almost parallel-sided, distinctly one-third broader apically than basally; scutum behind with hairpunctures, margin of scutum crenulated, otherwise tergite smooth and shiny. Tergites 2-6 with fovcola-like punctures which posteriorly becoming gradually denser, interspaces polished and posteriorly diminishing in their extent (owing to density of punctures). Suture between tergites 2-3 bisinuate and every suture crenulated. Second Figs : Bracon (Punctobracon) corroboratus sp. n.: 22 = head in dorsal view, 23 = distal part of right fore wing, 24 = metasoma, 25 = ovipositor : Bracon (Glabrobracon) terebella WESMAEL: 26 = head in dorsal view, 27 = distal part of right fore wing

16 tergite as long as third tergite. Ovipositor sheath one-sixth longer than metasoma or twice as long as hind tibia + half basitarsus. Apical end of ovipositor pointed and ventrally very finely serrate (Fig. 25). Head and mesosoma blackish brown with faint rusty suffusion on pronotum and medially on propodeum. Margin of eye, clypeus, labium and mandible brownish yellow. Palpi brownish. Scape and pedicel blackish brown, flagellum greyish brown. Tergites of metasoma rusty brown, first tergite with blackish suffusion; sternites yellow. Legs rusty brown, fore femur distally weakly yellowish. Wings dark fumous, pterostigma and veins brown. Description of the female paratype (1 $). - Similar to the holotype. Body 3.9 mm long. Head in dorsal view 1.6 times as broad as long. Antenna with 30 antennomeres. Pterostigma 2.85 times as long as wide. First tergite 1.25 times as long as broad behind. Tergites 3-5 blackish and only laterally rusty brown. Male and host unknown. The new species, Bracon (Punctobracon) corroboratus sp. n. is nearest to B. (G.) terebella WESMAEL, 1838 (Palaearctic Region) and they are differentiated by the following features: 1 (2) Tergites polished, i.e. without punctures (subgeneric difference). Head in dorsal view transverse, times as broad as long (Fig. 26). Suture between tergites 2-3 straight or weakly bisinuate, uncrenulated. Radial vein issuing from middle of pterostigma and reaching tip of wing (Fig. 27). Ovipositor sheath short, at most as long as tarsomeres 1-4 or one-fifth shorter than hind tibia. Çd: (2-)3.5-4 mm B. (G.) terebella WESMAEL 2(1) Tergites 2-6 with foveola-like punctures posteriorly becoming gradually denser (subgeneric difference, Fig. 24). Head in dorsal view slightly less transverse, times as broad as long (Fig. 22). Suture between tergites 2-3 bisinuate, crenulated. Radial vein issuing proximally from middle of pterostigma and approaching tip of wing (Fig. 23). Ovipositor sheath long, twice as long as hind tibia + half basitarsus. $: mm B. (P.) corroboratus sp. n. Bracon (Foveobracon) flaccus sp. n. Ç (Figs 28-31) Material examined - Holotype Ç: Korea, Kaesong Prov., Mts Bagyon, Bagyon popo, 27 km NE of Kaesong City, sweeping the vegetation in a deciduous forest in the environment of the waterfall, 9 September 1971, leg. Horvatovich & Papp, loc. No Holotype is deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Department of Zoology), Budapest, Hym. Typ No Etymology - The species name "flaccus" refers to the pale yellow coloured parts of body (flaccus = pallid). Description of the holotype Ç. - Body 3 mm long. Head in dorsal view (Fig. 28) transverse, 1.84 times as broad as long, temple receded, eye distinctly twice as long as temple, occiput excavated. Ocelli just elliptic, POL:OD:OOL as 5:5:14. Eye in lateral view 1.3 times as high as wide and just two-thirds wider than temple (Fig. 29). Malar space as long as basal

17 width of mandible. Circular opening 1.2 times as wide as shortest distance between margin of opening and eye. Head polished; face laterally finely granular. - Antenna about as long as body and with 23 antennomeres. First flagellomere three times as long as broad, further flagellomeres shortening so that penultimate flagellomere twice as long as broad. Mesosoma in lateral view 1.25 times as long as high. Notaulix hardly distinct, indicated only by a row of setae. Prescutellar furrow narrow, crenulated. Mesosoma polished. - Hind femur four times as long as broad somewhat distally. Hind tibia and tarsus equal in length. Fore wing somewhat longer than body. Pterostigma (Fig. 30) 3.6 times as long as wide, issuing radial vein (rl) clearly proximally from its middle; rl as long as width of pterostigma, rl and cuqul equal in length, i.e. cell CU2 short, r3 3.4 times as long as r2 and reaching tip of wing. N.bas.l relatively long, half as long as n.bas.2, n. rec. antefurcal. Metasoma somewhat longer than head + mesosoma combined. First tergite (Fig. 31) 1.3 times as long as broad behind, less broadening posteriorly, i.e. 1.4 times as broad behind as basally, beyond pair of spiracles parallel-sided. Suture between tergites 2-3 bisinuate and crenulated, third tergite somewhat shorter than second tergite. Scutum of first tergite posteriorly with a transverse keel, beyond keel scutum rugulose; second tergite antero-medially with a field, laterally from field surface somewhat impressed and rugulose, otherwise tergites polished. Ovipositor sheath in lateral view about as long as antenna or twice the length of hind tibia + tarsomeres 1-2 combined. Ground colour of head, mesosoma and tergites brown. Pale yellow: cheek, oral organs, pronotum + prosternum, tegula, legs and sternites. Scape and pedicel brownish yellow, flagellum greyish Figs : Bracon (Foveobracon) flaccus sp. n.: 28 = head in dorsal view, 29 = head in lateral view, 30 = distal part of right fore wing, 31 = tergites : Bracon (Foveobracon) biimpressus TELENGA: head in dorsal view : Bracon (Foveobracon) plugarui TOBIAS: 33 = distal part of right fore wing, 34 = tergites 2-3

18 brown; ovipositor sheath also greyish brown. Wings faintly brownish fumous, pterostigma and veins light brown. Male and host unknown. The new species, Bracon (Foveobracon) flaccus sp. n. is nearest to B. (F.) biimpressus (TELENGA, 1936) (Slovakia, European part of Russia and Altai Mts, Mongolia) and B. (F.) plugarui TOBIAS, 1986 (Moldavia) considering their few common features (second tergite with a little antero-median field and laterally from it surface more or less impressed, brownish fumous wings, polished propodeum); the three species are distinguished with the key as follows: 1 (2) Temple in dorsal view (Fig. 32) rounded. Antenna with antennomeres. Legs black, at most fore femur and tibia fumous yellow. Ovipositor sheath short, in lateral view at most as long as hind tibia. Cell CU2 of fore wing long, r3 hardly one-fourth longer than rl. Head and mesosoma black, metasoma yellow. $: 4-5 mm B. (F.) biimpressus TELENGA 2(1) Temple in dorsal view (Fig. 28) receded. Antenna with antennomeres. Legs yellow, at most coxae more or less brownish. 3 (4) Cell CU2 fore wing short, r2 and cuqul equal in length and r3 3.4 times as long as r2 (Fig. 30). Suture between tergites 2-3 bisinuate (Fig. 31). Ovipositor sheath long, in lateral view about as long as antenna or twice the length of hind tibia + tarsomeres 1-2 combined. Antenna with 23 antennomeres. Ground colour of body brown, legs yellow. Ç: 3 mm B. (F.) flaccus sp. n. 4 (3) Cell CU2 of fore wing long, r2 one-third longer than cuqul and r times as long as r2 (Fig. 33). Suture between tergites 2-3 almost straight (Fig. 34). Ovipositor sheath short, in lateral view a bit shorter than hind tibia. Antenna with 26 antennomeres. Head and mesosoma black, metasoma yellow and with brownish median streak of variable extent. Çd: mm B. (F.) plugarui TOBIAS Bracon (Bracon) gilvus sp. n. Ç (Figs 35^10) Material examined - Holotype Ç: Korea, Gangvon Prov., district On-dzong, Mts Kumgang, near Hotel Gosong, 250 m, netted in a coniferous-locust tree wood on shrubby and softstemmed vegetation, 5 August 1975, leg. Papp & Vojnits, loc. No Holotype is deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Department of Zoology), Budapest, Hym. Typ. No Etymology - The species name "gilvus" refers to the yellow ground colour of the body and legs. Description of the holotype Ç. - Body 2.6 mm long. Head in dorsal view (Fig. 35) transverse, twice as broad as long, eye almost three times as long as temple, latter strongly rounded (or receded), occiput hardly excavated. Ocelli small and almost round, POL:OD:OOL as 5:4:12. Eye in lateral view one-third higher than wide and twice as wide as temple (cf. Fig. 29). Malar space as long as basal width of mandible. Width of opening one-third wider than shortest

19 distance between margin of opening and eye. Face and cheek densely granular and dull, clypeus weakly granular and subshiny; vertex, occiput and temple polished. - Antenna about one-quarter longer than body and with 27 antennomeres. First flagellomere four times, further flagellomeres times and penultimate flagellomere twice as long as broad. Mesosoma in lateral view stout, somewhat longer than high. Notaulix indistinct. Prescutellar furrow rather narrow and crenulated. Mesosoma polished. Propodeum also polished and on its hind half with a medio-longitudinal keel, pair of spiracles situated close to lateral margin and just before middle of propodeum (Fig. 36). - Hind femur four times as long as broad distally (Fig. 37); hind basitarsus as long as tarsomeres 2-4. Fore wing slightly longer than body. Pterostigma (cf. Fig. 33) wide, twice as long as wide, issuing radial vein (rl) proximal before its middle; rl somewhat shorter than width of pterostigma, r2 twice as long as rl and about one-sixth longer than cuqul, r3 distinctly twice as long as r2 and reaching tip of wing; n. rec. antefurcal, Dl relatively long (or less high), cul 1.4 times as long as n.bas.2. B relatively high, 2.2 times as long as high (Fig. 38, see arrows). Metasoma as long as head + mesosoma combined. First tergite (Fig. 39) 1.25 times as long as broad behind. 1.7 times as broad behind as basally, evenly broadening anlero-posteriorly, smooth and shiny, hind half of scutum with longitudinal rugae-rugulae, lateral margin of scutum crenulated. Tergites 2-6 granularly rugose, second tergite with distinct and third tergite with less distinct striate elements; second suture faintly bisinuate and sutures 2-5 crenulated. Ovipositor sheath shor- Figs : Bracon (Bracon) gilvus sp. n.: 35 = head in dorsal view, 36 = propodeum, 37 = hind femur, 38 = first discal (DI) and brachial (B) cells of fore wing, 39 = tergites 1-3, 40 = ovipositor and ovipositor sheath in lateral view. 41: Bracon (Bracon) intercessor ab. subtilis (SZÉPLIGETO: head in dorsal view. - Fig. 42. Bracon (Bracon) schmidti KOKOUJEV: propodeum : Bracon (Bracon) onukii WATANABE: 43 = head in dorsal view, 44 - propodeum

20 ter than metasoma or as long as hind tibia + basitarsus. Posterior end of ovipositor pointed (Fig. 40). Body yellow, legs also yellow. Palpi straw yellow. Scutum of first tergite behind and tergites 2-4(-5) with faint brownish tint. Scape and pedicel yellow, flagellum darkening yellowish greyish. Ovipositor sheath brownish. Wings subhyaline, pterostigma yellow, veins opaque yellow. Male and host unknown. The new species, Bracon (Bracon) gilvus sp. n., is nearest to B. (B.) dahuricus TELENGA, 1936 (Russia: Ussuri Region) considering their strongly rounded temple in dorsal view, polished propodeum with a distinct medio-longitudinal keel and radial cell reaching tip of wing. In a few respects the following three species are also similar to the new species: B. (B.) intercessor ab. subtilis (SZÉPLIGETI, 1901) (western Palaearctic Region, the nominate form Transpalaearctic), B. (B.) onukii WATANABE, 1932 (Japan, Korea) and B. (B.) schmidti KOKOUJEV, 1912 (Cyprus, Azerbaidzhan, Kazakhstan, Iran). The five species are distinguished with the following key: 1 (2) Propodeum entirely polished, i.e. without a medio-longitudinal keel. Temple in dorsal view rounded, about half as long as eye (Fig. 41). Suture between tergites 2-3 faintly bisinuate. Ovipositor sheath about as long as metasoma. Pterostigma opaque yellow. Çd: 3-5 mm B. (B.) intercessor ab. subtilis (SZÉPLIGETI) 2(1) Propodeum not entirely polished, either with sculpture of variable extent or with a medio-longitudinal keel. 3 (4) Propodeum almost entirely rugose to rugulose and above lunule with oblique rugae-rugulae (Fig. 42). Suture between tergites 2-3 straight. Otherwise similar to B. intercessor. : 3-4 mm B. (B.) schmidti KOKOUJEV 4 (3) Propodeum not entirely rugose or rugulose, i.e. either partly (latero-anteriorly) or entirely smooth and shiny (Figs 36, 42). 5 (6) Head in dorsal view less transverse, ( 1.6-) times as broad as long, temple rounded (Fig. 43). Propodeum medially rugose-rugulose and here with a keel not reaching fore margin of propodeum (Fig. 44). Antenna with antennomeres. Ground colour of body reddish yellow eventually with blackish pattern on mesonotum, propodeum and tergites 1-3. Çd: mm B. (B.) onukii WATANABE 6 (5) Head in dorsal view transverse, about twice as broad as long, temple strongly rounded or receded (Fig. 35). Propodeum polished and with a medio-longitudinal keel (Fig. 36). 7 (8) Antenna with 27 antennomeres, flagellomeres times as long as broad apically. First tergite 1.25 times as long as broad behind, evenly broadening posteriorly (Fig. 39). Suture between tergites 2-3 bisinuate; tergites 2-6 granularly rugose, tergites 2-3 with striate elements (Fig. 39). Ovipositor sheath shorter than metasoma, i.e. as long as hind tibia + basitarsus. Body and legs yellow, tergites with faint brownish tint. Wings subhyaline, pterostigma yellow. Ç: 2.6 mm

21 B. (B.) gilvus sp. n. 8 (7) Antenna with 32 antennomeres, proximal antennomeres subcubic. First tergite quadratic, about as long as broad behind, strongly broadening posteriorly. Suture between tergites 2-3 weakly bisinuate; tergites 2-6 roughly rugose, posterior fifth of tergites (along hind margin) smooth and shiny. Ovipositor sheath much longer than metasoma. Body and legs black with reddish yellow pattern. Wings fumous, pterostigma brown. Ç: 4.5 mm B. (B.) dahuricus TELENGA Bracon (Bracon) merseli sp. n. Ç (Figs 45-48) Material examined - Holotype Ç: Korea, Pyongyang City, Mt Daesong, hot sunny afternoon, mixed scrub-wood consisting of mainly Castanea crenata, Pinus densiflora, Quercus dentata, Qu. mongolica, Syringa vulgaris, sweeping and beating the vegetation, 16 June 1988, leg. Merkl & Szél, loc. No Holotype is deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Department of Zoology), Budapest, Hym Typ. No Etymology - The species name "merseli" is a combination of the surnames of the two collectors, Dr OTTÓ MERKL and Dr GYŐZŐ SZÉL, of the new species. Description of the holotype Ç. - Body 3.4 mm long. Head in dorsal view (Fig. 45) less transverse, 1.62 times as broad as long, eye 1.46 times as long as temple, latter receded, occiput weakly excavated. Ocelli small and almost round, POL:OD:OOL as 6:4:10. Eye in lateral view one-third higher than wide and 1.66 times as wide as temple. Malar space half as long as basal width of mandible, i.e. base of mandible unusually broad (Fig. 46). Circular opening twice as wide as shortest distance between margin of opening and eye. Face and frons granular, cheek densely granular; vertex, occiput and temple polished. - Antenna about as long as body and with 33 antennomeres. First flagellomere 1.66 times as long as broad, further flagellomeres indistinctly attenuating so that penultimate flagellomere 1.8 times as long as broad. Mesosoma in lateral view 1.4 times as long as high. Notaulix weakly distinct, indicated by a row of setae. Prescutellar furrow narrow, crenulated. Mesosoma polished. - Hind femur 4.16 times as long as broad medially (Fig. 47); hind basitarsus as long as tarsomeres 2-4. Fore wing about as long as body. Pterostigma (cf. Fig. 15) 3.6 times as long as wide, issuing radial vein (rl) proximally from its middle; rl as long as width of pterostigma, r2 one-third longer than cuqul, r times as long as r2 and reaching tip of wing. N. rec. antefurcal. Dl wide, cul 1.4 times as long as n.bas.2 (cf. Fig. 38). Metasoma a bit longer and distinctly broader than mesosoma. First tergite (Fig. 48) as long as broad behind, basally half as broad as behind, from base to spiracle strongly, beyond spiracle weakly broadening, plate laterally from scutum with strong crenulae, plate anteriorly rugose. Second tergite 2.3 times as broad behind as long medially and one-fourth longer than third tergite, suture between tergites 2-3 bisinuate and crenulated. Tergites 2-3 rugose; second tergite anteriorly with three small polished fields, lateral field with a few small punctures, lateral part of second tergite somewhat impressed. Further tergites rugose; tergites 3-6 before their hind margin with a transverse linear and finely crenulated furrow. Ovipositor sheath longer than fore wing. Ground colour of body black, tergites laterally rusty red, sternites somewhat lighter. Mandible yellow, apically brownish, palpi brown. Antenna and tegula black. Coxae 1 brownish black, coxae

22 2-3 black, rest of legs rusty brownish, fore femur with yellowish suffusion. Wings fumous, pterostigma and veins brown. Male and host unknown. The new species, Bracon (Bracon) merseli sp. n., is nearest to B. (B.) luteator ab. nigripedator (NEES, 1834) (western Palaearctic Region) viewing their sculptured tergites, long second tergite (i.e. somewhat longer than third tergite) and long ovipositor sheath. The two species are distinguished by the following features: 1 (2) Temple in dorsal view receded (Fig. 45). Radial vein reaching tip of wing (cf. Fig. 15). Face and frons granular. Body black with rusty red pattern laterally on tergites. Ç: 3.4 mm B. (B.) merseli sp. n. 2(1) Temple in dorsal view rounded (Fig. 49). Radial vein approaching tip of wing (Fig. 50). Face and frons polished. Body reddish yellow with more or less black(ish) pattern. Çd: (2.5-)4-5.5 mm B. (B.) luteator ab. nigripedator (NEES) Figs : Bracon (Bracon) merseli sp. n.: 45 = head in dorsal view, 46 = cheek and mandible in latero-frontal view, 47 = hind femur, 48 = tergites : Bracon (Bracon) luteator ab. nigripedator (NEES): 49 = head in dorsal view, 50 = distal part of right fore wing : Bracon (Bracon) trucidator MARSHALL: 51 = head in dorsal view, 52 = first discal cell (Dl) of fore wing

23 Bracon (Bracon) trucidator MARSHALL, 1888 (western Palaearctic Region) is also similar to the new species, besides the distinctive characteristics in the above key there are further features separating the two species: 1 (2) Head in dorsal view less transverse, 1.6 times as broad as long (Fig. 45). Dl of fore wing wide, cul 1.4 times as long as n.bas.2 (cf. Fig. 38). Tergites black, laterally rusty red, sternites somewhat lighter. Ç: 3.4 mm B. (B.) merseli sp. n. 2(1) Head in dorsal view transverse, distinctly 1.8 times as broad as long (Fig. 51). Dl of fore wing less wide, cul hardly longer than n.bas.2 (Fig. 52, see arrows). Metasoma and hind femur yellow, latter rarely more or less darkening brownish to blackish. Çd: (2.3-)4-5 mm B. (B.) trucidator MARSHALL Bracon (Sculptobracon) yakui WATANABE Bracon yakui WATANABE, 1937: J. Fac. Agric. (Sapporo) 42 (1): 25 (in key) and 27 (description) Çd, type locality: Sapporo (Japan), holotype (and two paratypes) in Entomological Department, Hokkaido University, Sapporo; examined: holotype and 1 Ç + 1 dparatypes. Bracon (Sculptobracon) burjaticus TOBIAS, 1961: Rev. d'ent. URSS (Moscow-Leningrad) 40: 661 Ç, type locality: Baykal Region, Ulan-Ude (Russia), holotype in Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg; not examined; syn. n. Material examined -1?: No ?: No ?: No I?: No Ç: No Ç: No ?: No $: Pyongyang City. 6 August 1982, leg. Beron & Popov. 1 Ç (in Warszawa): Mts Keumkang, 28 August 1959, leg. Pisarski. The subgenus Sculptobracon monotypic species Bracon burjaticus to represent this subgenus within the genus of Bracon was described by TOBIAS in 1961 on the basis of the TOBIAS. In checking the species B. yakui it proved FABRICIUS. A comparative examination of the type-series of B. yakui and authentic specimen (1 Ç: det. TOBIAS) of B. burjaticus led me to the recognition that B. burjaticus is a junior synonym ot'b. yakui sen. syn. Having examined the type-series of B. yakui significant deviations were observed between the Japanese type forms and the Korean forms, these are as follows: Japanese forms: Body mm long, antenna with 28 antennomeres, ground colour of body black with little reddish testaceous pattern, legs blackish or brownish with yellow pattern on fore and middle femora-tibiae. Korean forms: Body mm long, antenna with antennomeres (23: 2 ÇÇ, 24: 5 ÇÇ), ground colour of body black with variable reddish yellow pattern, legs reddish yellow to yellow. Since its description the species is known only from the type localities in Japan (B. yakui) and in Russia: Baykal Region (B. burjaticus). New to the fauna of Korea.

24 Uncobracon gen. n. (Figs 54-59) Type species - Bracon apoderi WATANABE, 1933: monotypic and orginal designation. Etymology - The generic name Uncobracon is a combination of the Latin name "unco" (= uncus, hook) and the taxon name Bracon, gender masculine. Description - In several respects the new genus is similar and related to the genus Bracon FABRICIUS, 1804, the distinctive features of the new genus are as follows: Cheek below with a hook-like process directed anteriorly (Fig. 54). Propodeum with a medio-longitudinal carina (Fig. 55). Second tergite subfoveolate-rugose, tergites 3-6 with discrete and separate (i.e. not confluent) punctures, interspaces polished (Fig. 58). Uncobracon apoderi (WATANABE) Bracon apoderi WATANABE, 1933: Insecta Matsumurana 7 (4): 180 Çd, type locality: Shizuoka, Honshu Island, Japan, holotype Ç (= "Type") in Entomological Department, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan; examined. - SHENEFELT 1978: 1616 (literature up to 1964). Material examined - Holotype and 1 d paratype (paratype from the same locality as the holotype). - 1 Ç: Korea, Kangwon Prov., Mts Kumgang, singled material along the pathway to Kuryong-popo, 12 July 1991, leg. Mészáros & Zombori, loc. No ÇÇ (ab. testaceus ab. n., description see further on): 1 Ç: Korea, Mts Kumgang, Ruekhaam, taken with Malaise trap, July 1977, leg. Dely & Draskovits, loc. No Ç: Korea, Kangwon Prov., Mts Kumgang, Samil po, warm sunny day, Pinus densiflora forest with rich and partly degraded shrub-layer and underwood, sweeping and beating the vegetation, 18 June 1988, leg. Merkl & Szél, loc. No Ç: Korea, North Pyongan Prov., Mts Myohyang, Hyangsan, singled material in the garden along the edge of the wood around Myohyangsan Hotel, very warm day with temperature around 35 C, 3 July 1991, leg. Mészáros & Zombori, loc. No Through Dr M. SUWA'S kindness (Entomological Department, Sapporo) I had the opportunity to check the type series (holotype? and 1 6 paratype) of Bracon apoderi. Considering the modern requirements it seems expedient to complete W A T A N A B E's original description regarding the specimens (i.e. four females) of the same species taken in Korea. Description (holotype Ç and 4 ÇÇ). - Body mm long (3.5: 2 ÇÇ, 4: 1?. 4.5: 2 ÇÇ). Head in dorsal view (Fig. 53) transverse, as broad as long, eye twice as long as temple, latter receded. Eye slightly protruding from outline of head (Fig. 53). Circular opening about onethird wider than shortest distance between eye and margin of opening. Cheek below with an unciform process directed anteriorly (generic feature, Fig. 54). Eye in lateral view times as high as wide and distinctly twice as wide as temple. Face rugulose (2 ÇÇ) to subrugulose (3 ÇÇ), frons with fine and more or less dense punctation; vertex, occiput and temple polished with disperse and hardly distinct fine punctation. - Antenna with antennomeres (27: 1 Ç, 30: 1 Ç, 34: 1 Ç, 2 ÇÇ with damaged antenna). Mesosoma in lateral view 1.3 times as long as high. Notaulix distinct and evenly deep. Propodeum polished and with a medio-longitudinal strong carina as well as a pair of less strong carinae restricted to posterior half of propodeum and reaching up to spiracle situated medially close to lateral margin of propodeum (Fig. 55). Hind femur times as long as broad distally (Fig. 56).

25 Figs Uncobracon apoderi (WATANABE): 53 = head in dorsal view, 54 = lower part of head: eye, cheek, mandible and hook in fronto-lateral view, 55 = propodeum, 56 = hind femur, 57 = distal part of right fore wing, 58 = tergites 1-3 of female, 59 = first tergite of male Pair of hind spurs unequal, inner spur less than half as long as hind basitarsus, latter nearly as long as tarsomeres 2-4. Fore wing somewhat longer than body. Pterostigma (Fig. 57) times as long as wide (3: 2 ÇÇ, 3.3: 2 ÇÇ, 3.5: 1 Ç) issuing radial vein somewhat proximally from its middle; r2 almost three times (3 ÇÇ) to three times (2 ÇÇ) as long as rl, r3 nearly twice as long as r2 and approaching tip of wing; CU2 relatively wide, r2 twice as long as cuqu2; nervulus interstitial (3 ÇÇ) or subinterstitial (2??). First tergite (Fig. 58) quadratic, as long medially as broad behind (4 ÇÇ) or somewhat broader behind (1 Ç), beyond spiracle less broadening, scutum anteriorly smooth and shiny, its posterior half with rugae and with a transverse and posteriorly concave carina. Second tergite subfoveolate, further tergites with discrete punctures; second tergite longer than third tergite and suture between them bisinuate, second and third sutures crenulated (Fig. 58). Ovipositor sheath as long as hind tibia + basitarsus to hind tibia + tarsomeres 1 3( 4). Description of male (1 cf). - Similar to the female. Body 4 mm long. Head in dorsal view 1.8 times as broad as long. Antenna with 34 antennomeres. First tergite (Fig. 59) as long as broad behind, beyond pair of spiracles margin concave and clearly broadening. Sculpture of tergites somewhat stronger. Blackish colour of metasoma somewhat more extended. Uncobracon apoderi ab. testaceus ab. n.: From among the four females originating from Korea three females (from the localities Nos 358, 1324 and 1491) are separated from the nominate form viewing their deviating colour pattern: Body uniformly reddish yellow, ocellar field black,