2018 Senior A & B Showmanship and Senior Your and Your Dog Questions Bank. Youth Ages as of January 1, 2018

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1 2018 Senior A & B Showmanship and Senior Your and Your Dog Questions Bank Youth Ages as of January 1, 2018 Show Committees and Judges: Please use these questions when interviewing youth for Senior A & B Showmanship and Senior You and Your Dog Judging during the H project year. Judges may also select any of the questions posted for Juniors and Intermediates for Senior B Showmanship exhibitors. Only use the questions from this question bank for Senior A and You and Your Dog Exhibitors. There are separate sets of questions for use for You and Your Dog Interview Judging and All About Dogs Interview Judging held during Companion Animal Day at the Ohio State Fair. These can be found at Recommended use: Judges can select 2 or 3 sets of 6 questions and put each set in an envelope, allowing exhibitors to choose 1 of the envelopes, or use the same 6 questions for all seniors at a show. Select less difficult questions for Senior A Showmanship handlers. Also, select questions that are relevant and less difficult for beginning youth taking You and Your Dog. For State Fair Showmanship and You and You and Your Dog, youth will select 1 of 3 envelopes. Recommended scoring: Where answers require explanations, exhibitors may answer using their own wording provided they convey the same meaning as the correct answer. As a judge, do not give hints or define a word in the question or statement. Youth are expected to know the meaning of the words. Each question is worth 10 points. If one question asks for multiple answers, then give partial credit for each correct answer. Questions asked during the 2018 Ohio State Fair Dog Show Senior A and B Showmanship and You and Your Dog classes will come from this bank of questions. For Senior B Showmanship exhibitors, questions can also come from Junior and Intermediate question banks. For Senior You and Your Dog exhibitors, questions will come only from this question bank. Youth can find the answers to all of these questions in the Ohio 4-H Dog Resource Handbook. Depending on what copyright edition youth have, updates to each edition can be found at Questions below are from the 2018 edition. Q1. Name 5 of the 8 essential elements for having a positive 4-H experience taking dog projects. A1. (1) A positive relationship with a caring adult (2) An inclusive environment (3) A safe emotional and physical environment (4) Opportunity for mastery (competency) (5) Engagement in learning (6) Opportunity to see oneself as an active participant in the future (giving hope and optimism to shape their life choices) (7) Opportunity for self-determination (believing youth can impact the events in their life, not events having control over them) (8) Opportunity to value and practice service to others P Q2. What are the names and number(s) of vertebrae in a dog s skeletal anatomy, in order from head to tail? A2. Cervical = 7 Thoracic = 13 Lumbar = 7 Sacral = 3 Coccygeal = 20 to 22 P. 12

2 Q3. Breeds of dogs like the Alaskan Malamute and Canadian Eskimo Dog probably had what type of wolf as their ancestor? A3. North American Wolf P. 15 A4. What AKC dog groups are the following dogs in: (1) Vizsla; (2) Miniature Bull Terrier; (3) Silky Terrier; (4) Cavalier King Charles Spaniel; (5) Pumi? A2. (1) Vizsla Sporting Group (2) Miniature Bull Terrier Terrier Group (3) Silky Terrier Toy Group (4) Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Toy Group (5) Pumi Herding Group P Q5. When are purebred breeds admitted to the AKC Miscellaneous Class? A5. When the AKC Board of Directors is convinced there is clear proof that a substantial, sustained nationwide interest and activity in that breed exits. P. 21 Q6. Overshot and undershot bites are comparative to which jaw? A6. Lower jaw P. 22 Q7. What is the definition of a rose ear? A7. A small drop ear that folds over and back so you can see the burr (or inside of the ear) P. 24 Q8. Describe the name and position of the tail carriage of the Finnish Spitz. A8. Curled Tail that is a single curl falling over the loin with the tip toward the thigh P. 25 Q9. Describe the conformation of an oval foot. A9. Spoon-shaped, with both center toes longer than cat feet but shorter than hare feet P. 26 Q10. Name the 2 brushes used to finish grooming a dog with a long coat, and name the types of coat that each brush is used on. A10. (1) Bristle Brush for long, silky coats (2) Pin Brush for dogs with thicker, fuller coats P. 30 Q11. What breed of dog would the Komondor and Puli coats looked a lot like if groomed in that manner? A11. Poodle P. 30 Q12. What are 2 uses of the pin brush? A12. (1) Separate the coat (2) Remove loose hair (3) Help detangle long, tangle-prone coats (4) For use on hard wire coats for an overall brushing prior to hand stripping (5) Tipped spins stimulate the skin P. 31

3 Q13. When considering what breed of dog to own, why should you learn about their general breed temperaments? A13. So you know what breed may fit best into your lifestyle and living areas, and your ability to train and exercise the dog. (Summary of second paragraph, column two) (Accept any answer that implies the above.) P. 37 Q14. Why are mixed breed dogs sometimes less likely to have genetic health problems? A14. Because their parents come from a more diverse gene pool (Do not accept hybrid vigor or heterosis) P. 38 Q15. When looking at a puppy s pedigree, why should you give more consideration to the sire and dam than to the grandsire and granddam? A15. They contribute only 25 percent to the genes of the puppy (they can t significantly influence the puppy s type or performance) P. 39 Q16. Between approximately how many weeks of age do puppies develop their primary social attachments? A16. 6 and 10 weeks (must give range) P. 43 Q17. Why is it always important to observe the complete picture within the dog s environment when interpreting a dog s behavior? A17. A dog does not express all behaviors in each situation. One change in a dog s signal (i.e. tail up or down) may change the dog s intent. There are variations between individual dogs and between breeds. (Summary of last half of second paragraph, column 2) P. 48 Q18. Why might a dog display signs of active submission behaviors? A18. To offer signs of submission to a dominant dog or person to avoid any additional threats or confrontations. (Dog hopes the dominant individual will either show signs of friendliness or will go away.) P. 45 Q19. Compare how an aggressive dog might react to a person s stare, and a submissive dog react to a person s stare. A19. Aggressive dog may be threatened and attack Submissive dog may look away from stare to say he is not a threat P. 48 Q20. What two general ways do dogs communicate when disciplining a pack member? A20. (1) Body language (2) Tone of voice P. 49 Q21. What are 2 Canine Good Citizen (CGC) program opportunities for testing in addition to the original Canine Good Citizen test? A21. (1) AKC S.T.A.R Puppy (2) AKC Community Canine (3) AKC Urban CGC P

4 Q22. What type of object must you have before you can begin Place Training a puppy or dog? A22. A special place such as a towel, mat, or rug that is only your dog s and not shared by other animals P. 73 Q23. What are 2 behaviors that might occur as a result of using harsh punishment on a puppy? A23. (1) Fearfulness (2) Retaliation (aggression) (3) Increase in the undesirable behavior (4) Exhibiting new undesirable behaviors P. 57 Q24. Explain what the term bridge means and when to use it. A24. A bridge is a word or sound (i.e. Yes, Good Dog, a clicker, etc.) that tells your dog his behavior is correct A bridge should be used the instant the dog shows the correct behavior P. 73, 173 Q25. What are two things to remember when teaching your dog the Stand for Exam? A25. (1) Make sure the dog is standing balanced evenly on all four feet (2) Don t touch your dog when giving the stay command (3) Be careful of the leash going away and returning so you don t accidentally tug on it which might cause your dog to break his stay P. 78 Q26. What is the difference between the A and B classes in Open obedience? A26. In the A class all of the exercises are done in order on the score sheet. In the B class the judge determines what order the exercises are completed. P. 88 Q27. What does the dog error Crowding mean? A27. You bump into your dog when heeling because your dog is moving too close to you P. 100 Q28. In showmanship, what is 1 method of controlling your dog s head when stacking? A28. (1) Making sure the show lead is snug just behind the ears, holding the lead taut and close to the neck. (Hold it tight enough to keep in place, but not so tight as to choke the dog.) 2) Holding the dog s lower jaw and cheek on the side closest to you without wrapping your fingers around the muzzle P. 103 Q29. In showmanship, when showing a small dog on a table, what are 2 reasons why you should never drop the dog into position? A29. (1) It can hurt his feet (2) It can hurt his shoulders (3) If the table moves the dog could be scared P. 105 Q30. When stacking a dog, when is it permissible for you to put both knees on the ground or floor? A30. If stacking a toy breed on the floor P. 105

5 Q31. Why do you not need to make direct eye contact with the judge during the gaiting pattern? A31. Too much head movement will distract from the picture of your dog gaiting around the ring P. 106 Q32. In the Down and Back patterns, what are 2 reasons why you should learn how to switch hands, and therefore switch sides when you return to the judge? A32. (1) The judge may ask you to do that in a tiebreaker (2) If you are at an outdoor trial and the ring conditions are such that your dog might step into a hole or puddle if you don t switch (3) If you are in Senior B and asked to perform the Down and Back pattern with two dogs P Q33. In showmanship, how many times should you changes hands in the following patterns: L Pattern, Triangle Pattern, T Pattern? A33. L Pattern = twice Triangle Pattern = once T Pattern = twice P Q34. Briefly explain the difference between animal-assisted activities and animal-assisted therapy. A34. Animal-assisted activities are meet-and-greet activities involving pets visiting people. Animal-assisted therapy is a goal-directed intervention where a health professional uses a pet to reach an identified specific goal for each client. The progress is measured and recorded. P. 123 Q35. What are 2 other terms for a dog s pastern? A35. (1) Metacarpus (2) Metacarpal bones P. 130 Q36. What is the external anatomical term for coccygeal vertebrae? A36. Tail P. 130, 131 Q37. Describe the dolichocephalic head shape? A37. Narrow skull and elongated muzzle P. 131 Q38. What are 2 other terms for a dog s stopper pad? A38. (1) Carpal pad (2) Carpal cushion P. 132 Q39. In reference to a dog s digestive system, what are 2 functions of chewing and the results of each function? A39. (1) To reduce the food into smaller pieces, which helps the action of digestive enzymes (2) Chewing causes the food to mix with saliva, making the food easier to swallow P. 135 Q40. What is canine influenza, or dog flu, caused by? A40. An Influenza A H3N8 influenza virus P. 144

6 Q41. Name 2 of the most common agents causing kennel cough. These can occur as one or in a combination of agents. A41. (1) Bordetella bronchiseptic bacteria (2) Parainfluenza virus (3) Adenovirus (4) Mycoplasma organism P. 144 Q42. Name the intermediate hosts of the following 2 types of tapeworms that are found in dogs: (1) Diphylidium caninum (D. caninum) and (2) Taenia species. A42. (1) Diphylidium caninum (D. caninum) = Adult flea and louse larvae (2) Taenia species = Rabbits and rodents P. 146, 147 Q43. What is the common term for the Trombicula mite, and where are these most often found on the dog? A43. (1) Chiggers (2) On a dog s legs, head and belly P. 151 Q44. What are 2 ways ringworm can be transmitted to humans? A44. (1) Direct contact with the infected animal (2) Contact with an object that is contaminated with the spores P. 152 Q45. Describe a dog with a body condition score of 3 (Moderate). A45. The ribs are palpable (can be felt) without excess fat covering The abdomen is tucked up when viewed from the side P. 159 Q46. How much moisture do the following types of dog foods typically contain? (Give the range): (1) Dry, (2) Semi-Moist, (3) Canned. A46. (1) Dry = 10-12% (2) Semi-moist = 25-35% (3) Canned = 70-75% P. 161 Q47. What does the Guaranteed Analysis list on a dog food label? A47. The minimum levels of crude protein and crude fat, and the maximum levels of crude fiber and moisture P. 163 Q48. What is the biological reason a female dog may be fertilized by more than one male, resulting in a litter having more than one father? A48. She produces more than one egg (ovum) P. 168 Q49. What does the term close-coupled mean? A49. Having a short loin and back P. 174 Q50. Where is the Stop on a dog located? A50. Between the eyes where the muzzle ends and the skull begins P. 177