4 If they don t have a box they do their best to hide
5 Hide Panel
6 Visual barriers between cages
7 Make Other Adjustments Noise reduction - radio moved, off, turned down, station changed - staff quieter no slamming, yelling, etc. Night-time light reduction
8 Cats feel more secure when they can survey their surroundings from a high place. Add a perch for the cat to get up higher Move stressed cats to higher cages
9 Cats spend a large portion of their day either resting or sleeping so it is important to provide them with comfortable surfaces.
11 Familiarity Unfamiliarity is stressful to cats different caretakers every day being moved from cage to cage daily removing all items that smell familiar from the cage everyday.
12 Spot-clean when you can! Don t clean the entire cage - taking away everything that smells like the cat just take out the soiled items. If your protocol is to clean the entire cage every day (replacing towels etc.), provide a rubbing cloth on the front of the cage that will stay with the cat.
13 Rubbing Cloth
14 Predictable Schedules Cats do not like unpredictability please stick with the same routine for: Feeding time Play time Petting time Enrichment/special treat time Chaotic time (cleaning, noise)
15 Feliway Synthetic Feline Facial Pheromone Has a calming effect on most cats
16 Plug-in diffusers emit the pheromone into the environment on a constant basis but if the room is too large every cat may not benefit from it. Spray walk through 2 times a day and look for stressed cats spray feliway on a cloth and then put the cloth inside the cage with the cat.
17 Music Soft, soothing music has been shown to have a calming affect on animals Radios on during the day can prevent the cats from being startled by sudden noises Stations with human conversation can help habituate the cats to unfamiliar human voices. National Public Radio
18 Through a Dog s Ear CD Pyscho-acoustically designed music
19 Human Companionship Calm interactions can go a long way to help a cat adjust to the shelter
20 Social interaction with humans Cuddle time Play time
21 They want OUT!
22 I don t mean this!
24 Handling cats to reduce stress Cats are control freaks they have a fundamental need to control their environment and their choices. Cats are not good at dealing with stress they are good at avoiding it (flight). They do not like to be picked up and held because it takes away their option to flee
25 Handling Cats Always use the minimum amount of force/ restraint necessary Rough handling and extreme physical restraint are counterproductive For really scared cats or fractious cats use maximum restraint restrict all body movements using a towel wrap.
26 Towel wraps Goal is that the cat struggles less and remains calm
27 Stress Reduction Procedures Provide a hiding place Provide a high place to be Allow them a familiar scent Maintain predicable schedules Help provide for normal sleep cycles Provide a comfortable place to rest Pheromones therapy Feliway Soft soothing music low volume Human companionship Get them out of the cage when you can Handle them with care and compassion
28 How long is too long to stay? We need to assess the cat s psychological wellbeing in the environment. We need to PAY ATTENTION. We NEED to be HUMANE! Remember chronic stress is the worst kind of stress. It damages the body and the mind.
29 Behavioral Deterioration Much easier to see in dogs because dogs often express themselves outwardly. For cats look for: - not eating for a length of time - not grooming (or excessive grooming) - constant hiding - complete social withdrawal - lethargy and depression
30 Make sound, humane decisions Think about the cat s quality of life RIGHT NOW! Not what it could be if ever there was an adopter willing to take a chance. Remember cats live in the moment. They have no idea a brighter future might be in front of them. They only know today and how they feel day after day.
31 AND keep them mentally stimulated
33 What do I mean by Enrichment? Providing an interesting, complex, challenging, stimulating, and variable environment that encourages the animals to explore, think, learn, engage, and be well mentally and physically.
34 Environmental Enrichment Modifying the environment so that it: is more comfortable provides more space (larger enclosure, etc.) provides more choices (different levels, etc.) is more stimulating (views, stimulating the senses, etc.)
35 Behavioral Enrichment Stimulating the brain by: - giving the animal opportunities to perform species-typical behaviors. - giving the animal opportunities to think and learn.
36 Environmental Enrichment wouldn t that be nice here?
42 Utilizing the vertical space = more usable space and more choices
43 More space and more choices
44 The Senses We should consider all the senses when we develop enrichment strategies for shelter animals.
45 Auditory Stimulation Research has found that classical music calms shelter dogs ( Wells et. al ) New Age Music
46 Auditory Stimulation for cats
48 Wind chimes
49 Olfactory stimulation in the zoo
50 Fish oil dabbed around environment
51 Visual Stimulation
52 A room with a view
53 Bird feeders outside the window
54 Aquariums in the cat rooms
56 Moving things outside the cage
57 Fishing pole toy
58 Disk Shooter Toy
59 Perpetual motion toys
61 Behavioral Enrichment - Providing opportunities for the animals to think and learn - Providing opportunities for the animals to perform species typical behaviors
62 Opportunities to perform species-typical behavior Cats NEED to scratch it s normal feline behavior
63 Provide scratching boards inside the cages
64 All animals like to play
65 Opportunities to play in the cage
67 Variety is important Replace the toys regularly so they are novel. Cats habituate to toys very quickly.
68 Fun with paper
69 Corn husks and fleece strips
70 Interactive play
71 Opportunities to get high Catnip
73 Grow some fresh
74 Outdoor enclosures
75 They NEED out! They want OUT!
76 To stretch, play.
77 And get some exercise
78 4 on the floor program All cats should get out of their cages at least twice a week to stretch, move around, scratch, play
79 Cats are social animals Dogs and humans are a social obligate species they NEED social companionship to be emotionally healthy Cats are a solitary survival species but they also live in social groups social companionship is important to them too.
80 Social interactions with other cats Group Housing
81 Group Housing Precautions Do not overcrowd the space Monitor group for mismatched personalities - shy, timid cats may be intimidated and stressed - bold, dominant cats may be bullying others Make sure there is easy access to feeding and elimination areas and that there are enough of each. Spread the resources around the enclosure.
82 Utilize the vertical space to provide plenty of hiding and perching areas
83 Human social contact is VERY important too. Petting, brushing, play, quiet time together
84 Providing opportunities for the animals to think and learn
85 Food Acquisition Challenges
86 Feeder Balls
87 Cat Kongs
88 Cheap Alternatives
89 Pizza box puzzle feeder
90 Egg Carton Feeder Puzzle
91 Commercially made feeder device
92 Shelter-made - PVC Pipe Feeder
93 Commercially available puzzle feeder for cats
94 Shelter-made puzzle feeder
95 Dogs aren t the only ones that can use their noses Cats are hunters and thus are seekers Stimulate their seeking system Scatter kibble or treats in the environment for them to seek and find.
96 Clicker Training Very effective form of training because its principles are based in science.
97 Not just for the dogs!!!
98 Target Training in the zoo
99 Targeting with the tigers
100 Target training in the shelter
101 This simple target game Encourages the cats to move about in their cage Encourages the cats to interact with a human Encourages the cats to think Provides the cats with some control (the thing they are lacking most in captivity) I can make things happen with my own behavior!
102 Hey, come here with that darn clicker!
103 Out of the cage target training - Allows for some stretch time - Encourages them to move about in their new environment - Encourages interaction with humans
105 Kitty Agility
106 Make efforts every day: To recognize stress in the cats. To reduce stress as much as possible for ALL of the cats from the very first day. To keep all of the cats mentally stimulated and behaviorally healthy during their stay.
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