READING: Scientists are Making Dinosaurs!

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1 N A M E : READING: Scientists are Making Dinosaurs! Vocabulary Preview Match the words on the left with the meanings on the right. 1. DNA A. at the same time 2. ordinary B. not unusual or special 3. similar C. the hard part of a bird s mouth 4. meanwhile D. to use hands and feet to travel up something 5. beak E. it has information about how to make a living thing 6. evolve (v.) F. sharp nails on the feet of birds and animals 7. claws G. to change slowly over time 8. climb (v.) H. the same as (in some ways) Use the above words to complete the sentences. Use plural forms and past tense if necessary. 1. In some ways, Canada and the U.S. are countries. 2. When I was a kid, I loved to trees. 3. My sister did her homework., I slept on the sofa. 4. The of cats and tigers is not very different. 5. Be careful! My pet cat has sharp. 6. Most scientists think that some dinosaurs and became birds. 7. There s nothing special planned for today. It s just an day. 8. Some birds have very long they use to catch fish. Choose any two of the above words and write your own sentences

2 N AM E : READING Topics: Dinosaurs / Science & Technology Scientists are Making Dinosaurs! It s strange, but it s true. Scientists have started making dinosaurs. How are they doing this? The answer may surprise you. Scientists from around the world are beginning to make changes to the DNA of ordinary chickens and in the future we may see living chickendinosaurs! In Chile, in 2015, scientists changed chicken DNA to make the feet of chickens more similar to dinosaur feet, and in 2016 the same scientists made the legs of chickens more like dinosaur legs. Meanwhile, scientists in the United States have been successful in making chicken beaks more like the mouths of dinosaurs. This is possible because birds evolved from dinosaurs many millions of years ago. A good example of bird evolution is the hoatzin. It is a bird that lives in South America, and when it is a baby it has claws on its wings that it uses to climb trees. So, in the future, some chickens may also have skin, tails, and even arms like dinosaurs. I hope they will not be the same size as some dinosaurs!

3 N AM E : READING Grammar Practice Scientists are Making Dinosaurs! It s strange, but it s true. Scientists have (1) making dinosaurs. How are they doing this? The answer may (2) you. Scientists from around the world are beginning to (3) changes to the DNA of ordinary chickens and in the future we may see living chicken-dinosaurs! In Chile, in 2015, scientists changed chicken DNA to make the feet of chickens (4) similar to dinosaur feet, and in 2016 the same scientists made the legs of chickens more like dinosaur legs. Meanwhile, scientists in the United States have (5) successful in making chicken beaks more like the mouths of dinosaurs. (6) is possible (7) birds evolved from dinosaurs many millions of years ago. A good example of bird evolution is the hoatzin. It is a bird (8) lives in South America, and when it is a baby it has claws on its wings that it uses to (9) trees. So, (10) the future, some chickens may also have skin, tails, and even arms like dinosaurs. I hope they (11) not be the same size (12) some dinosaurs! 1. (A) start (B) started (C) starting 2. (A) surprises (B) surprised (C) surprise 3. (A) made (B) making (C) make 4. (A) more (B) much (C) most 5. (A) be (B) been (C) being 6. (A) This (B) Then (C) Those 7. (A) because (B) but (C) and 8. (A) where (B) who (C) that 9. (A) climbed (B) climbing (C) climb 10. (A) at (B) in (C) on 11. (A) will (B) are (C) do 12. (A) with (B) as (C) on

4 N A M E : READING: Scientists are Making Dinosaurs! How Much Do You Understand? According to the article, write T (True) or F (False) next to each statement. 1. The article is about how dinosaurs evolved into birds. 2. Scientists from South America and North America are changing chicken DNA. 3. Scientists have changed the feet, legs and beaks of some chickens. 4. The article says that some birds evolved and became dinosaurs. 5. Hoatzins live in South America. 6. The article says some chickens are the same size as dinosaurs. Discuss Discuss the following questions with your classmates. 1. The article doesn t say why scientists are changing the DNA of chickens. Why do you think they are doing this? 2. Do you think it s a good idea to try to change chickens into dinosaurs? Why? / Why not? Write Choose one of the above discussion questions. Write a short paragraph to answer it.

5 Reading Lesson Topic: Dinosaurs / Science & Technology Lesson Scientists are Making Dinosaurs! Grammar Focus Vocabulary Mixed (includes Present Perfect Simple) 175 words A1 words-70% / A2 words-12% / B1 words-6% / B2 words-2% AWL Words in this text: evolution, evolved, similar Vocabulary Analysis by: vocabkitchen.com Level Elementary to Pre-Intermediate (CEFR A2) ANSWER KEY Page 1 Vocabulary Preview 1. E 2. B 3. H 4. A 5. C 6. G 7. F 8. D 1. similar 2. climb 3. Meanwhile 4. DNA 5. claws 6. evolved 7. ordinary 8. beaks ANSWER KEY Page 3 ANSWER KEY Page 4 Grammar (Article) 1. B 7. A 2. C 8. C 3. C 9. C 4. A 10. B 5. B 11. A 6. A 12. B How Much Do You Understand? 1. F (It is about how scientists are changing chickens DNA to make dinosaurs.) 2. T 3. T 4. F (It says some dinosaurs evolved and became birds.) 5. T 6. F (It doesn t say this.) Article Sources:

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